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Carroll Connection

In Freshman Year, Learning the Art of Self-Reflection

by william bole

Photo of Portico student reflecting
Christopher Peterson '19

It is 4:00 p.m. on a Friday in Fulton 310. The lights are soft, and the whispery vocals of British singer-songwriter James Bay (“Let it Go”) are playing in the background. Twenty first-year students are at their desks in the small classroom. Some are writing steadily in their journals. Others are pausing, pen to lip or chin resting on one hand.

The first-semester students in Professor Ethan Sullivan’s Portico class are not taking a test. They are engaging in a version of “the Examen,” a centuries-old Jesuit meditation. At the start of class each Friday, the students jot down their thoughts about what they’re grateful for and what went right or wrong during the week. They end by setting personal goals or considering what they ought to do in the coming week.

“A lot of people would be surprised to see that this is going on in a business school,” Sullivan points out in a subsequent conversation.

Self-reflection is a signature of Portico, a required class launched seven years ago and taken by all entering students at Boston College’s Carroll School of Management. With 34 sections taught by seven faculty members, the course offers a port of entry into the world of management as seen through a broadly interdisciplinary lens. Philosophy, ethics, and the social sciences are stirred into the mix.

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Recent scholarship has turned attention to the value of personal reflection. Researchers have highlighted the connection between leadership and self-awareness, with some singling out the so-called “twice born” leaders. These are managers and executives who failed during their first leadership incarnation precisely because they lacked such awareness.

“The best thing leaders can do to improve their effectiveness is to become more aware of what motivates them and their decision-making,” venture capital advisor Anthony K. Tjan wrote in Harvard Business Review (July 2012).

By its nature, Portico is in no small part a reflection course. The message is clear enough to anyone entering the Portico office on the 2nd floor of Fulton Hall. Hanging on a wall is a poster featuring the maroon-and-gold Portico logo and three essential questions: “How shall I live? How shall we work together? What kind of world shall we shape?”

Loosely speaking, the class teaches business ethics, but Sullivan, who is the Carroll School’s associate dean for undergraduate curriculum, says it has a broader mission. “It’s really grounded in what philosophers call the good life,” the life of meaning. All aspects–including classroom discussions, case studies, group projects, reflection papers, course-based advising, and evening events featuring outside speakers–help plow that ground. All are geared to getting students to think deeply about management and their calling to that world.

the hardest part

Perhaps the hardest part is reflecting on one’s own experiences, desires, and motivations.

“It’s awkward at first, for freshmen,” says Professor of the Practice Amy LaCombe, who, like Sullivan and other Portico faculty, administers the Examen in her sections of the course. “Examen” comes from the Latin word for examination and is one of the spiritual exercises introduced by St. Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Society of Jesus.

Photo of Leigh Channell '19 writing in Portico class
Leigh Channell '19

“They’re not used to thinking about decisions they’ve made, or they think about them for a moment and then the thoughts are gone,” LaCombe observes, noting that the same could be said of many mid-career executives. She cites multitasking as one big obstacle to self-reflection and the focused attention that such an exercise requires.

Yet LaCombe and other Portico professors say that in a matter of weeks, students begin acquiring the habits of reflection, which include self-evaluation.

Leigh Channell ’19 agrees with LaCombe’s assessment. She says the weekly exercise has made her “aware of things that would otherwise fly under the radar” of her consciousness. As one example, the student from Georgia’s Sea Islands mentions that she never quite realized she had a problem with procrastination (notably with her math homework) until the theme began surfacing in her written reflections. “The Examen made me aware of that. I’m much more on top of my assignments now,” she says.

One time during this past fall semester, Channell had to miss a Friday Portico class to attend a special event at Episcopal High School, the boarding school she had graduated from, in Alexandria, Virginia. On the flight there, she found herself doing the Examen with pen and paper. “I realized that if I hadn’t done it, I would have felt a little empty. It’s become a big closer of my week,” she explains.

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Portico students also do what is variably called a “final Examen” or “self-assessment,” a take-home reflection paper summarizing their whole semester.

In other reflections and papers, they contemplate the management concentrations or perhaps liberal arts majors they will be choosing. They also ponder their lives after graduation. That might take the form of a “discernment” paper composed after a group project focusing on a particular industry relating to their interests. In that paper, students often unpack the statement: “In five years, I could see myself / not see myself in this industry.”

During an interview late in the fall semester, Caitlin Ferris ’19 began rattling off all that the three-credit Portico class had tossed onto her plate—philosophy, ethics, management theory, research assignments addressing particular companies and products, teamwork with other students, and the nurturing of her self-awareness.

“It’s a lot to take on for your first semester of college,” she says. “But it’s a great way to start.”

William Bole is Senior Writer at the Carroll School
Photos by Lee Pellegrini