morrissey college of arts and sciences
- Undergraduate Program Description
Philosophical study at Boston College provides an opportunity for open-ended inquiry and reflection on the most fundamental questions about humanity and our world.
Both as a Core requirement and as a major, philosophy is foundational in helping us appropriate our intellectual and spiritual heritage and develop self-understanding anew. Pierre Hadot reminds us, in Philosophy as a Way of Life, that philosophy was originally understood as a spiritual exercise. It had as its goal the transformation of the whole of one’s life, intellectually, morally, and spiritually.
Philosophy has been central to the educational mission of Boston College since its founding. The prominence of philosophy in the curriculum reflects the Jesuit heritage of this university. From the beginning, Jesuit colleges placed heavy emphasis on the values of authentic Christian humanism, chief among which was respect for the power of human intelligence and the depth of human experience to seek the truth, and the mutual compatibility of faith and reason.
The study of philosophy remains among the most relevant and urgent of pursuits. Each human being desires answers to life's perennial questions—questions regarding the ultimate meaning of life, such as knowledge, truth, rationality, language, being, transcendence, God, faith, beauty, good, justice, humanity, friendship, love, sexuality, identity, power, and authenticity. Reflection on such questions remains the core of the study of philosophy. Answers to these questions proposed by philosophers of the past remain with us today, not only inscribed in books, but also embedded in the practices and institutions of our contemporary society. The mission of the Philosophy Department at Boston College is to provide an encouraging and supportive environment for the exploration of these questions, and for the critical examination of the pluralism of philosophical traditions that continue to inform our personal and corporate lives.
The Philosophy Department offers a broad spectrum of courses with a special focus on the history of philosophy, continental philosophy, and fundamental and contemporary problems in “practical philosophy.” Students who major in philosophy are asked to follow one of several different “tracks” in philosophy to guide and orient their study. These tracks are found on the departmental website and are regularly updated.
The department offers qualified students the opportunity to participate in the departmental honors program. The honors program is by invitation only to students invited in their junior year. These students as seniors participate in a fall senior honors seminar and through the course of the entire senior year do independent research under the direction of a professor. The Department also participates in the Scholar of the College Program, details of which can be found in the Morrissey College of Arts and Sciences section.
A philosophy major prepares students for work in a variety of professional and academic fields, such as law, business, or medicine. Students with particular ability and who wish to be prepared for graduate study in Philosophy ought to pursue the systematic track in philosophy and consult with an advisor early in the course of their major.
The Philosophy major consists of a total of 30 credits: 6 credits of Philosophy Core (two 3-credit courses), followed by 24 credits of philosophy electives (eight 3-credit courses). Students beginning with the class of 2018 are required to choose one of the departmental tracks in order to focus the major around a specific area of study. Please note that after track requirements are completed, a student may take any electives of his or her choice in order to complete the major. (That is, students are not limited to taking courses only within the chosen track.) Specific requirements for each track are located on the departmental website.
Students may also take up to two cognate courses from other departments toward the major. These courses should be philosophical in content and/or substantially contribute to the enhancement of the student’s chosen major track and area of study. This course must be approved by the Director of Undergraduate Studies.
The two Philosophy Core courses must be drawn from one of the following five options:
- PHIL1070–1071 Philosophy of the Person (Fall/Spring: 6 credits)
- PHIL1088–1089 Person and Social Responsibility (PULSE Program) (Fall/Spring: 6 credits) PULSE is primarily open to sophomores.
- PHIL1090–1091 Perspectives in Western Culture (Perspectives Program) (Fall/Spring: 6 credits). This Perspectives course is primarily open to freshmen with one sophomore section offered annually.
- HONR1101–HONR1103 Western Cultural Tradition I–III (Honors Program) (Fall/Spring: 6 credits)
- PHIL1703–1704 Inquiring about Humans and Nature I and II (Fall/Spring: 6 credits)
- PHIL2281–2282 Philosophy of Human Existence (Fall/Spring: 6 credits; offered intermittently)
Students who participate in the Core Renewal courses will also be able to use these Core courses toward a philosophy major.
The Philosophy major serves students with different interests and career paths through different concentrations or tracks which have been designed to both give focus and direction to the Philosophy major while preserving the flexibility of the major:
- Systematic Philosophy (designed for those who are considering graduate school in Philosophy)
- Science, Ethics, and Humanity (intended especially for premeds, nursing students, biology, chemistry, physics, and psychology majors, environmental studies minors, students interested in public health, etc.)
- Pre-law/International Studies/Public Policy (intended especially for those majoring or minoring in international studies, political science, and/or students interested in careers in law, public service, politics)
- Philosophy/Economics/Justice (intended especially for students also studying economics, finance, and management)
- Philosophy and Religion (intended for students with second majors or minors in theology and/or those interested in exploring a vocation in the priesthood/ministry)
- Faith, Peace, Justice (intended for students in the Faith, Peace, and Justice minor who are also philosophy majors)
- Philosophy and the Arts (intended especially for students involved in the arts or the study of literature)
- Perspectives Interdisciplinary Program (for students who complete the four, full year-long, 6 credit courses in the Perspectives Program)
The Philosophy minor consists of a total of 18 credits: 6 credits of Philosophy Core courses (two 3-credit courses) followed by 12 credits of philosophy electives (four 3-credit courses). Each student will design his or her own minor in consultation with a faculty advisor. Students may design their minor around one of areas in the major track or they may purse another interest. Minors are encouraged to consult with faculty or the Director of Undergraduate Studies in shaping a coherent minor.
The Core requirement for philosophy is 6 credits. The department offers students four basic options for fulfilling the University’s two-semester Core requirement in philosophy: Perspectives on Western Culture, PULSE, and Philosophy of the Person. Perspectives on Western Culture is primarily open to freshmen, PULSE to sophomores, Philosophy of the Person, and Inquiring about Humans and Nature (Perspectives and PULSE also fulfill the Theology Core requirement.)
The Philosophy Department offers Core courses in Philosophy, as a two semester sequence: two interdisciplinary options which as six course blocks each of two consecutive semesters fulfilling Philosophy and Theology Core: Perspectives on Western Culture, I and II, and Person and Social Responsibility I and II, and a two semester, 3 credit per semester Philosophy only Core, Philosophy of the Person I and II. Philosophy and literature and fine arts Core can be fulfilled by taking Perspectives II, Modernism and the Arts, philosophy and the social sciences Core, by taking Perspectives III, Horizons of the Social Sciences, Philosophy and science and mathematics Core, by taking Perspectives IV, New Scientific Visions.
The Perspectives Program at Boston College is a four-year interdisciplinary program centered upon the great books of the Western intellectual tradition. It integrates the humanities and natural sciences in order to help students work out for themselves a set of coherent answers to such questions as the following: Who are we? Where do we come from? Where are we going? The Perspectives Program seeks (1) to educate the whole person, (2) to help students develop skills in practical living and critical thinking, and (3) to form students who are intelligent, responsible, reasonable, attentive, and loving.
Each of the Perspectives courses runs for two semesters, for 12 credits. Each is designed to fulfill the Core requirements of the relevant departments. Perspectives I (Perspectives on Western Culture), is normally open only to freshmen; however, at times a sophomore-only section may be offered with limited availability. Perspectives II (Modernism and the Arts), Perspectives III (Horizons in the New Social Sciences), and Perspectives IV (New Scientific Visions) may be taken at any time while a student is enrolled at Boston College. Descriptions of Perspectives II, III, and IV are also listed in the University courses section of the catalog.
None of the courses in the Perspectives sequence is a prerequisite for any of the other courses.
PHIL1090–1091 (THEO1090–1091) Perspectives on Western Culture I and II (Perspectives I)
This two-semester, 12-credit course fulfills the Core requirements in both Philosophy and Theology. For freshmen only.
UNAS1104–1105/UNAS1106–1107 Modernism and the Arts I and II
This two-semester course fulfills the 6-credit Philosophy Core requirement, the 3-credit Literature Core requirement, and the 3-credit Fine Arts Core requirement.
UNAS1109–1110/UNAS1111–1112 Horizons of the New Social Sciences I and II
This two-semester course fulfills the 6-credit Philosophy Core requirement and the 6-credit Social Sciences Core requirement.
UNAS1119–1120/UNAS1121–1122 New Scientific Visions I and II
This two-semester course may fulfill the 6-credit Philosophy Core requirement and either the 6-credit Natural Science Core or the 3-credit Mathematics Core and 3-credits of the Natural Science Core.
With its mission to educate Boston College students about social injustice, the PULSE Program for Service Learning educates more than 500 undergraduates each year through the integration of community-based social service and social advocacy fieldwork with the study of theology and philosophy. The PULSE Program offers its signature Core course, "Person and Social Responsibility," in addition to a few elective courses. For a full description of the program, please visit the PULSE website at www.bc.edu/pulse.
Students will be nominated for membership in the Honors Programs in fall of the junior year. Ordinarily, students in the top 15% of Philosophy GPA’s will be nominated. In addition, members of the Philosophy faculty may nominate students whom they deem to be especially worthy. Invitations to the Perspectives Honors track will be extended by the Director of the Perspectives Program, and to the History of Philosophy Honors track by the Director of Undergraduate Studies, both in consultation with the Philosophy Department’s Undergraduate Program Committee. The two honors programs are as follows:
Honors students will participate in the Senior Philosophy Honors seminar in the fall semester of senior year, and register for a Philosophy Honors Thesis course with an advisor in the spring semester. Students will be expected to complete a thesis of approximately 50–75 pages by the end of the senior year. Seminar meetings and social events also provide intellectual community for honors program participants.
Students in the Perspectives Honors major track are drawn from Perspectives majors who complete all four of the two-semester Perspectives courses:
- Perspectives I Perspectives on Western Culture
- Perspectives II Modernism and the Arts
- Perspectives III Horizons of the Social Sciences
- Perspectives IV New Scientific Visions
In addition, Perspectives Honors students will participate in the Senior Perspectives Honors seminar in the fall semester, and register for a Senior Thesis Directed Readings course with an advisor in the spring semester of the senior year. Such a senior thesis will ordinarily consist of original research in the field, in close work with a faculty advisor, culminating in the production of a 50–70 page senior thesis.
Undergraduate Philosophy majors may opt to enter a five-year B.A./M.A. program. Application to the program will normally take place during the junior year. Students admitted to the B.A./M.A. program will follow the curriculum for Philosophy majors, except that two courses taken during the senior year must be eligible for graduate credit. These two courses will count toward the M.A. as well as the B.A. The remainder of the M.A. may thus be completed by taking eight additional graduate courses as well as the master's comprehensive examination and meeting the language requirement for master's students.
It is advisable to consult with the Director of the Graduate Program during junior year. In addition to the two graduate level courses that count toward both the B.A. and the M.A., it is strongly recommended that the student take two graduate level courses in the senior year that are beyond the requirements for the B.A. and thus count only for the M.A. degree. This allows the student to take a normal graduate course load the fifth year of three courses a semester, in preparation for the M.A. comprehensive examination.
Interested undergraduate Philosophy majors must apply to the Graduate School of the Morrissey College of Arts and Sciences. Expectations are that such applicants will have achieved an overall GPA of at least 3.33 and a major GPA of 3.5 or above.