Ellen Winner's research focuses on cognition in the arts in typical and gifted children. She studies the impact of arts education on the development of thinking dispositions or habits of mind such as reflection, exploration, and observation; and experimental aesthetics—examining how we reason about philosophical questions about the arts, questions such as why we dislike perfect fakes and how we judge skill in abstract art. Dr. Winner is the author of more than 100 articles and four books: Invented Worlds: The Psychology of the Arts (Harvard University Press); The Point of Words: Children's Understanding of Metaphor and Irony(Harvard University Press); Gifted Children: Myths and Realities (BasicBooks, translated into six languages). Winner is the co-author of Studio Thinking: The Real Benefits of Visual Arts Education and Studio Thinking 2: The Real Benefits of Visual Arts Education (Teachers College Press). Dr. Winner is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association (Division 10, Psychology and the Arts) and of the International Association of Empirical Aesthetics. Her expertise has been cited in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, and NPR, among other media outlets.