Skip to main content

Secondary navigation:

Boisi Center for Religion and American Public Life

How the Debate Over Birth Control
Changed Catholic Theology: The Structure of Theological Revolutions by Mark Massa, S.J.

read more


Kaiser, Robert Blair. The Encyclical that Never Was: The Story of the Pontifical Commission on Population, Family, and Birth, 1964. London: Sheed and Ward, 1985. 

Kuhn, Thomas. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012. 4th Edition, 1962. 

Massa, Mark. The Structure of Theological Revolutions: How the Fight Over Birth Control Transformed American Catholicism. London, UK: Oxford University Press, 2018. 

Noonan, John. Contraception: A History of Its Treatment by Catholic Theologians and Canonists. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1965. 

Shannon, William H. The Lively Debate: The Response to "Humanae Vitae." New York: Sheed and Ward, 1970. 


Cosacchi, Daniel. Review: Birth control and the Church, 50 years later. America Magazine, October 1, 2018.

Gjelten, Tom. 50 Years Ago, The Pope Called Birth Control 'Intrinsically Wrong'. National Public Radio, July 3, 2018.

Paul VI. Humane Vitae [Encyclical on Human Life]. Vatican Website, July 25, 1965. 

Winters, Michael Sean. In defense of 'Humanae Vitae'. National Catholic Reporter, July 25, 2018.