"Comparative" Supplemental Material
Luisa Weiss, “20 Surprising Things about Parenting in Germany,” A Cup of Jo (blog), July 21, 2014.
Pamela Druckerman, "Conclusion," Lust in Translation: The Rules of Infidelity from Tokyo to Tennesse (New York: Penguin Press, 2007).
Nick Squires, "Italy Is a Dying Country as Babies No Longer Replace People Who Die, Says Health Minister," Telegraph, February 13, 2015.
Rebecca Traister, "Labor Pains," New Republic, February 3, 2015.
Claire Suddath, "Can the U.S. Ever Fix Its Messed-Up Maternity Leave System?" Bloomberg.com, January 27, 2015.
Donna Ferguson, "The Costs of Childcare: How Britain Compares with Sweden," Guardian, May 31, 2014.
"Japanese Women and Work: Holding Back Half the Nation," Economist, March 29, 2014.
Alissa Quart, "Crushed by the Cost of Child Care," New York Times, August 17, 2013.
"Precious Little Burdens: The Professionalization of Child-Rearing Has Pushed up Its Price," Economist, November 5, 2011.
Tamar Lewin, “3 New Studies Assess Effects of Child Care,” New York Times, November 1, 2005.
Academic Articles and Other Reports
Charles L. Baum and Christopher J. Ruhm, “The Effects of Paid Family Leave in California on Labor Market Outcomes,” NBER Working Paper no. 19741 (December 2013).
Gordon B. Dahl, Katrine V. Loken, Magne Mogstad, and Kari Vea Salvanes, "What Is the Case for Paid Maternity Leave?" NBER Working Paper no. 19595 (October 2013).
Francine D. Blau and Lawrence M. Kahn, "Female Labor Supply: Why Is the US Falling Behind?" NBER Working Paper no. 18702 (January 2013).
Maya Rossin-Slater, Christopher J. Ruhm, and Jane Waldfogel, "The Effects of California's Paid Family Leave Program on Mothers' Leave-Taking and Subsequent Labor Market Outcomes," NBER Working Paper no. 17715 (December 2011).
Markus Gangl and Andrea Ziefle, “Motherhood, Labor Force Behavior, and Women’s Careers: An Empirical Assessment of the Wage Penalty for Motherhood in Britain, Germany, and the United States,” Demography 46, no. 2 (May 2009).
"The Changing Face of Motherhood in Western Europe," reports by the UK-based Social Issues Research Centre, by country.
Rebecca Ray, Janet C. Gornick, and John Schmitt, Parental Leave Policies in 21 Countries: Assessing Generosity and Gender Equality (Washington, DC: Center for Economic and Policy Research, 2008).
Barbara Da Roit and Stefania Sabatineli, The Cost of Childcare in EU Countries (Brussels: European Parliament Policy Department Economy and Science, 2007).
Herwig Immervoll, David Barber, “Can Parents Afford to Work? Childcare Costs, Tax-Benefit Policies and Work Incentives,” Institute for the Study of Labor Discussion Paper no. 1932 (January 2006).
Michael Baker, Jonathan Gruber, Kevin Milligan, "Universal Childcare, Maternal Labor Supply and Family Well-Being," NBER Working Paper no. 11832 (December 2005).