TWIN-CS Supporters

Children seating at a table

Bilingualism, biliteracy, and learning to read: Interactions among languages and writing systems. Scientific studies of reading, 9(1), 43-61. Bialystok, E., Luk, G., & Kwan, E. (2005).

Summary of Key Findings

  • The results showed a general increment in reading ability for all the bilingual children but a larger advantage for children learning two alphabetic systems.
  • Bilinguals transferred literacy skills across languages only when both languages were written in the same system.
  • The extent of the bilingual facilitation for early reading depends on the relation between the two languages and writing systems.