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Celebrating 50 Years of the RAM & 25 Years of the RAA

Key Terms

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Key Definitions

the process and outcome whereby thinking and feeling persons, as individuals and groups, use conscious awareness and choice to create human and environmental integration

adaptation level represents the condition of the life processes described on three levels as integrated, compensatory, and compromised

activity of subsystems for coping of individuals and relational persons

ways of manifesting adaptive processes

for individuals, a major coping process involving four cognitive-emotive channels: perceptual and information processing, learning, judgement and emotion. 

all persons and earth have both unity and diversity; are united in a common destiny; find meaning in mutual relations with each other, the treated world, and a God-figure

cognator and regulator or stabilizer and innovator are activated by a challenge to the integrated life processes

results from inadequate integrated and compensatory life processes; an adaptation problem

all other stimuli present in the situation that contribute to the effect of the focal stimulus

Innate or acquired ways of responding to the changing environment

a philosophic view of reality which stresses the principle that people and earth ahve common patterns and integral relationships

the internal or external stimulus most immediately confronting the human adaptive system

descriptive of individual and relational adaptive systems; stems from philosophical assumptions of person functioning as wholes in a unified expression of meaningful human behavior; includes common purposefulness and cosmic unity

The broad movement in philosophy and psychology that recognized the person and subjective dimensions of the human experience as central to knowing and valuing (Roy, 1988); includes the development of specific schools of thought such as secular, atheistic or Christian humanism.

pertaining to humans in a group, the internal subsystem that involves structures and processes for change and growth


structures and functions of the life processes are working as a whole to meet human needs

the close relationships of people aimed at satisfying needs for affection, development of relationships, and resources to achieve relational integrity

for individuals, a major coping process involving the neural, chemical, and endocrine systems

individuals relating in groups such as families, organizations, communities, and society as a whole; use stabilizer and innovator coping processes; with four adaptive modes of physical, groups identity, role function and interdependence (Hanna & Roy, 2001)

refers to the belief that there is no way to determine objective truth or objective morality; subjectivity is emphasized and the truth becomes what is meaningful or significant within a given context, while good means pleasurable or satisfying; person's own thoughts and feelings are final guide to action (Roy, 2000)


an environmental factor within or outside the human system with affects in the current situation that are unclear

the function unit of society; each role exits in relation to another

the composite of beliefs and feelings that is held about oneself at a given time, formed from the internal perception and perceptions of others' reactions

for groups, the subsystem associated with system maintenance and involving established structures, values, and daily activities whereby participants accomplish the purpose of the social system


that which provokes a response, or more generally, the point of interactions of the human system and environment

principle of human nature that affirms a common purposefulness of human existence; components include a) purposefulness of human existence, b) unity of purpose in humankind, c) activity and creativity for the common good, d) value and meaning of life; the richness of rootedness in absolute truth