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Morrissey College of Arts and Sciences

Paul Mariani

english department

Paul Mariani

University Professor of English

B.A., Manhattan College
M.A., Colgate University
Ph.D., Graduate Center of the City University of NY   



Academic Profile

Academic specializations: twentieth-century American and British poetry, biography, religion and literature, and creative writing. His latest biography, The Whole Harmonium: The Life of Wallace Stevens, will be published by Simon & Schuster in April 2016. He is now at work on a memoir of growing up on the mean streets of New York's East Side in the 1940s.

Additional Professional Information

Professor Mariani has published over 200 essays and reviews and is the author of sixteen books, including five biographies and six volumes of poetry: Timing Devices, Crossing Cocytus, Prime Mover, Salvage Operations: New and Selected, The Great Wheel, and Death & Transfigurations: Poems. His awards include a Guggenheim Fellowship, a National Endowment for the Arts, and two National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowships. In 2009 he received the John Ciardi Award for Lifetime Achievement in Poetry. He has lectured and read from his own work across the United States, Canada, and Europe. He also served as poetry editor of America: The Jesuit Weekly from 2000-2006. His poems, which have been widely anthologized, have appeared in, among other journals and quarterlies, Image, Poetry, America, Doubletake, The Kenyon Review, The Agni Review, New England Review, The Hudson Review, Sundog, Tri-Quarterly, The New Criterion, Tampa Review, Quarterly Review, The Gettysburg Review, Pleiades, Crazy Horse, Boston College Magazine, and The North Dakota Quarterly.

List of Publications


  • Epitaphs for the Journey: New, Selected and Revised Poems. The Poiema Poetry Series. Cascade Books (May 2012), 233 pp.
  • Gerard Manley Hopkins: A Life. Viking/Penguin (New York, November 2008), 496 pp. Second Printing, November 22, 2008. Editors’ Choice, NYTBR, December 19: “Mariani writes with a deep, sympathetic knowledge of the poet’s sometimes dauntingly esoteric religious and aesthetic concerns.” Washington Post: Best Books of 2008. Favorable reviews in NYTBR, Michael Dirda of The Washington Post, LA Times, Philadelphia Inquirer, Atlantic Monthly, Books & Culture, Editors’ Choice, NY Times, The New Yorker (May 11, 2009). Book of the Week
  • Deaths & Transfigurations: Poems. Paraclete Press, July 2005. Designed & with engravings by Barry Moser. 96 pp.
  • God and the Imagination: Poetry, Poets, and the Ineffable. University of Georgia Press, July 2002. 285 pp. Hardcover and paperback editions.
  • Thirty Days: On Retreat with the Exercises of St. Ignatius. New York: Viking/Penguin, March 2002. 287 pp. Main selection of Catholic Book Club, February 2002. Paperback Ed. March 2003. Catholic Press Association Award, First Place, May 2003.
  • The Broken Tower: A Life of Hart Crane. New York: W. W. Norton, 492 pp. April 1999. Main Selection of The Poetry Book Club of The American Academy of American Poets. NY Times Notable Books Paperback edition, April 2000. Ohioana Award for Best Book on Ohio or an Ohioan for 2000. 23 October 2000. James Tait Black Memorial Prize: one of four finalists for biography for 2000.
  • The Great Wheel: Poems. New York: W.W. Norton, April 1996, 62 pp. Paperback edition: Norton, December 1997.
  • Lost Puritan: A Life of Robert Lowell. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1994. 527 pp. Paperback Ed. Norton, May 1996.
  • Salvage Operations: New and Selected Poems. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. 1990. 185 pp. Paperback edition: Norton, 1991.
  • Dream Song: The Life of John Berryman. William Morrow: New York. February 1990. 519 pp. Paperback Ed.: Paragon Books, June 1992. Second paperback Ed. with new introduction: UMass Press, March 1996.
  • Prime Mover: Poems. Grove Press, 1985. 108 pp.
  • A Usable Past: Essays on Modern & Contemporary Poetry. UMass Press (Amherst, 1984). 268 pp. Essays on Williams, Hopkins, Berryman, Creeley, Montague, Warren, Tomlinson, Merton, and Pack. Introduction & revised essays.
  • Crossing Cocytus: Poems. Grove Press, 1982. 94 pp. 2nd printing, 1983.
  • William Carlos Williams: A New World Naked. McGraw-Hill, 1981. 874 pp. Two hardcover and two paperback editions. Reviewed, front page of The New York Times Book Review, Los Angeles Times, 12 weeks on Editors’ Choice, NYTBR, nominated for the American Book Awards, category: biography. (Reprinted with changes by W. W. Norton & Co. 1990.)
  • Timing Devices: Poems. Pennyroyal Press. Illustrated and designed by Barry Moser.  Limited, signed edition, 1978. Trade Ed. David R. Godine of Boston, 1979.
  • William Carlos Williams: The Poet and His Critics. American Library Assoc., 1975.
    284 pp.
  • A Commentary on the Complete Poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins. Cornell University Press, 1970. 361 pp. An MLA Selection.


  • "I Pray I May Be Ready with My Witness: John Berryman,” in Not Less Than Everything: Catholic Writers on Heroes of Conscience, from Joan of Arc to Oscar Romero, ed. Catherine Wolff, HarperOne, 2013, pp. 213-225.
  • “Growth Spurt: The Teacher Becomes a Poet,” Boston College Magazine, 69, 2 (Spring 2009), 51-52.
  • “The Terrible, Comforting Face of God.” Introduction to B. F. Fairchild’s Trilogy, Pennyroyal Press, designed and illustrated by Barry Moser, 2008. April 2009. pp. ix-xv. Fifty copies only. $350.00.
  • “Foreword” to Luminations: Images by Oriole Farb Feshbach for the Poem, The Auroras of Autumn by Wallace Stevens, Midmarch Arts Press, New York: 2008), pp. v-viii.
  • “Paul Mariani’s ‘The Peaceable Kingdom,’ with Reflection by Robert (Chip) Wood, Elementary School Principal,” Leading from Within,: Poetry that Sustains the Courage to Lead, Ed. Sam L. Intrator and Megan Scribner, Foreword by Madeleine K. Albright, Jossey-Bass, 2007, pp. 118-120.
  • In the Mesh of Language: Seven Poems by Paul Mariani, December 2007. Apiary Press, Northampton, Massachusetts. Designed by Barry Moser. pp. 25.
  • “Out and Back,” in Take Heart: Catholic Writers on Hope in Our Time, edited by Ben Birnbaum, Crossroad Publishers, Fall 2007, pp. 186-190.
  • “Hopkins’ Late Poetics: The Christ-Saturated Thing Itself,” Image, No. 56. December 2007, pp. 100-111.
  • “Remembering the Beatles,” in Read the Beatles, Classic and New Writings on The Beatles, Ed. June Skinner Sawyers: (New York: Viking Penguin, 2006), pp. 326-329.
  • “St. Joseph,” in Awake My Soul: Contemporary Catholics on Traditional Devotions, Ed. James Martin, S.J., Loyola Press (Chicago 2004), 41-49. Repr. In The Catholic Digest, June 2004. Also: read on National Public Radio, 18 August 2004.
  • “Christianity and Poetry: A Conversation and New Poems by Jennifer Atkinson, Scott Cairns, Fanny Howe, Paul Mariani & Eric Pankey,” Pleiades (Vol. 24, 1: 2004), 38-53.
  • “The Communion of Saints,” Image: A Journal of the Arts & Religion, 38 (Spring 2003), 51-52.
  • “Contemporary Catholics on Traditional Devotions: St. Joseph,” America, 188, 14 (21 April 2003), 8-11.
  • “Ritual and Remembrance,” Newsday, Long Island Topic, 16 February 2003, p. 1.
  • “A Conversation with Barry Moser,” Image: A Journal of the Arts & Religion, 36 (Fall 2002), 77-92.
  • "The Poet Who Would Be King [on Robert Frost], Boston College Magazine, 62, 3 (Summer 2002), 36-41.
  • "Day 2: On the Long Retreat," Boston College Magazine, 62, 2 (Spring 2002), 13-14.
  • "Blooding the Ghosts: Celebrating National Poetry Month," America, 186, 14 (April 29, 2002), 21-22.
  • "The Fourth Week: He is Risen. Alleluia!" Image: A Journal of the Arts & Religion, No. 33 (Winter 2002), 97-108.
  • "Meltdown," in (9/11: Psalms & Lamentations) Special Issue of Image: A Journal of the Arts & Religion, No. 32 (Fall 2001) 78-81.
  • "William Carlos Williams," in World Poets: The Scribner Writers Series, Vol. 3, Ed. Ron Padgett, Charles Scribner's Sons, (New York, 2000), pp. 161-173.
  • "Introduction" to Barry Moser's In the Face of Presumptions: Essays, Speeches, & Incidental Writings, David R. Godine, Publisher: Boston, 2000, pp. ix-xiii.
  • "A Conversation with Edward Hirsch," Image: A Journal of the Arts & Religion, No. 28: Fall 2000, pp. 52-69.
  • "American Poet: Most Overrated/Underrated," American Heritage Magazine, May-June 2000 (51/3), pp. 74, 76.
  • "The Water Under the Bridge," Preservation Magazine, May-June, 2000 (52/3),
    pp. 24-31.
  • "Descend on Us in Fire," America, 182.7 (March 4, 2000), pp. 14-16.
  • "Confirmation," in Signatures of Grace. Andre Dubus, Mary Gordon, Patricia Hampl, Ron Hansen, Paul Mariani et al, Ed. Thomas Grady and Paula Huston, Dutton, New York, 2000, pp. 98-130.
  • "Inside Story: Why Poetry is Truer," Boston College Magazine, 60. 2. (Spring 2000), pp. 22-27. Reprinted in Desert Call: Contemplative Christianity & Vital Culture Vol. 2, No. 3 (Fall 2002), 18-21.
  • "The Unshapeable Shock Night': Pain, Suffering & the Redemptive Imagination," America, Vol. 180, No. 5 (February 20, 1999), pp. 16-21.
  • Introduction to Barry Moser's "Blood & Stone: A Journal of the Pennyroyal Caxton Bible," Image: A Journal of the Arts & Religion (No. 21, Fall 1998), pp. 69-71.
  • "Descend on Us in Fire," America, 182.7 (March 4, 2000), pp. 14-16.
  • "Hopkins as Lifeline," The Hopkins Quarterly, Vol. XXV, Nos. 1-2 (Winter-Spring 1998), pp. 17-13.
  • “The Word as Living Flame: Biblical Inspiration,” in The Supernatural-Things in Heaven and Earth, Ed. Harold Fickett. Paraclete Press, 1998, pp. 144-159.
  • “Dream Scripts,” in Night Errands: How Poets Use Dreams, Ed. Ron Townley. U of Pittsburgh, 1998, pp. 133-143. Paperback, March, 2000.
  • "Quid Pro Quo,’” in Introspections: American Poets on One of Their Own Poems, Ed. Robert Pack and Jay Parini, U of New England Press, 1998, pp. 155-59.
  • “God and the Imagination,” Image, No. 18 (Winter 1997), pp. 97-109.
  • “John Berryman at Eighty.” Introduction to the Second Edition of Dream Song: The Life of John Berryman, UMass Press, Spring 1996. 16 pp.
  • “Remembering Doc Williams,” Special issue of The William Carlos Williams Review dedicated to William Eric Williams. 21. 2 (Fall 1995), 8-15.
  • “Art and the Spiritual: The Difficult Balance.” Image, No. 12 (Winter 1995/96), 39-51.
  • “Difficult Henry: On Berryman’s Dream Songs.” Poets on Poets: Bread Loaf Anthology, Ed. Robert Pack and Jay Parini (New England Press, Hanover, 1995).
  • “Hart Crane’s ‘O Carib Isle!’: ‘Clenched Beaks Coughing For the Surge Again.” Touchstones: American Poets on a Favorite Poem, Ed. Robert Pack and Jay Parini (New England Press, Hanover, 1995), pp. 134-137.
  • “Staring into the Abyss: Robert Pack’s Later Poems,” At an Elevation: On the Poetry of Robert Pack, Ed. David Haward Bain and Sydney Landon Plum, Middlebury College Press (Middlebury, Vermont, 1994), pp. 75-79.
  • “The Ineffability of What Counts: Some Notes on Poetry and Christianity.” Image, 5 (Spring 1994), 59-71.
  • “Boston’s Lowell: 1958-1960,” Prairie Schooner, 68, 1 (Spring 1994), 128-150.
  • “On the 200th Anniversary of the Founding of Paterson, 1992.” William Carlos Williams Review, 19, 1 & 2 (Spring/Fall 1993), 81-87.
  • “Robert Lowell and Jean Stafford,” Gettysburg Review, 6.3 (Summer 1993), 457-474.
  • "Class.” Essay. Special Issue on Class Consciousness and the American Writer. New England Review. 15.2 (Spring 1993), 55-64.
  • “William Carlos Williams.” Benet’s Reader’s Encyclopedia of American Literature. Ed. George Perkins et al. Harper Collins Publishers. 1991. pp. 1140-1144.
  • “Lowell on Berryman on Lowell.” The Gettysburg Review. 4.4 (Autumn 1991), 581-592. Revised and reprinted in Recovering Berryman: Essays on a Poet, Ed. Richard J. Kelly and Alan K. Lathrop (Ann Arbor: U of Michigan Press: 1993), pp. 57-73.
  • “The Intensest Rendezvous: On the Poems of John of the Cross.” Spiritual Life: A Quarterly of Contemporary Spirituality. 37.3 (Fall 1991), 131-138.
  • “Beginnings.” The Gettysburg Review. Vol. 4, No. 3 (Summer 1991), 425-435. Repr in The Bread Loaf Writers’ Anthology of Writers on Writing. Hanover and London: University Press of New England, 1991, pp. 151-161. Selected by Robert Atwan as a “Notable Essay for 1991,” in The Best American Essays 1992, Ed. Susan Sontag and Robert Atwan, Ticknor & Fields 1992.
  • “Introduction” to Terrence Des Pres’s Writing Into the World: Essays 1973-1987. New York: Viking Press, 1990, pp. xi-xix. Preface by Elie Weisel.
  • “A White-Hot Man Become a Book.” William Carlos Williams Review. For “A Symposium on the New Collected Poems." Vol. 16, No. 1 (Spring 1990), 8-15.
  • “The Consoling, Terrifying Presence of Hopkins.” Renascence. Special Hopkins Issue. Vol. XLII, Nos. 1-2 (Fall 1989/Winter 1990), 13-20.
  • “Keeping the Covenant: Philip Levine’s A Walk with Thomas Jefferson,” Kenyon Review. New Series, XI, 4 (Fall 1989), 170-177. Reprinted in On the Poetry of Philip Levine: Stranger to Nothing, Ed. Christopher Buckley. (Ann Arbor: U of Michigan Press, 1991), pp. 261-271.
  • “The Brain That Hears the Music.” The Bread Loaf Anthology of Contemporary American Essays, Ed. Robert Pack and Jay Parini (U. Press of New England: 1989), pp. 175-187.
  • “Mr. Berryman Goes to Cambridge,” Prairie Schooner, 62, No. 2 (Summer 1988), 5-35. (Winner of Prairie Schooner’s Choice Award, 1989).
  • “’My Heavy Daughter’: John Berryman and the Making of The Dream Songs,” The Kenyon Review, N.S. 10, No. 3 (Summer 1988), 1-30.
  • “The Dark Night of the Soul,” in Harold Bloom’s Modern Critical Views: Gerard Manley Hopkins, (Chelsea House: 1986), pp. 51-76. Reprinted from two chapters of A Commentary on the Complete Poems of Gerard Manley Hopkins, (1970).
  • “Lowell’s Turtles,” in Only Connect: Uniting Reading and Writing, Ed. Thomas Newkirk, Boynton/Cook Pub (Upper Montclair 1986), pp. 255-262.
  • “Kinnell’s Legacy: On “The Avenue Bearing the Initial of Christ into the New World, “Under Discussion: On the Poetry of Galway Kinnell, ed. Howard Nelson. (Ann Arbor: U of Michigan Press, 1987), pp. 191-202.
  • “La Giaconda’s Smile,” William Carlos Williams Review, XI, 2 (Fall 1985), 55-60.
  • “Hopkins and Williams: Too Little, Too Late,” in Hopkins Among the Poets: Studies in Modern Responses to Gerard Manley Hopkins, Ed. Richard F. Giles, International Hopkins Association, Monograph #3 (1985), pp. 21-23.
  • “Summoning the Dead: Politics and the Sublime in Contemporary English Poetry,” NER/BLQ, 7, 3 (Spring 1985), 299-314.
  • “John Montague,” for Dictionary of Literary Biography: British Poets Since World War II. 1985. pp. 380-395.
  • Poetics: Essays on the Art of Contemporary American Poetry, Ed. Paul Mariani and George Murphy. Special Issue of Tendril Magazine, Summer 1984. (Intro by Paul Mariani). 298 pp. Essays by Nemerov, Hass, Williams, Ostriker, Mueller, Levertov, Plumly, Stafford, Gallagher, Holden, et. al.
  • Foreword to William Carlos Williams/John Sanford: A Correspondence. Oyster Press (Santa Barbara, 1984), pp. 5-11.
  • “The Hard Core of Beauty,” Sagetrieb, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Spring 1984), 7-26.
  • “The Birth of Venus,” FIELD, 29 (Fall 1983), 50-57.
  • “William Carlos Williams,” Journal of the Medical Society of New Jersey: William Carlos Williams Commemorative Issue (September 1983), p. 768.
  • “Reassembling the Dust: Notes on the Art of the Biographer,” New England Review/Bread Loaf Quarterly, V, 3 (Spring 1983), 276-296. Reprinted in The Craft of Literary Biography, Ed. Jeffrey Meyers (Macmillan: London 1985), pp. 133-153. Repr. in Biography as High Adventure, Ed. Stephen B. Oates (U. of Massachusetts Press, 1986), pp. 104-123.
  • “Fresh Flowers for the Urn: Reassessing Robert Pack,” The Massachusetts Review, Vol. XXIII, No. 4 (Winter 1982), 715-732.
  • “The Literary Essays of Thomas Merton,” American Book Review, 5, 1 (Nov-Dec 1982), 14-15.
  • “Using the Long Form,” (Books by Berg, Dana, Feirstein, Hoffman, Nason), Parnassus: Poetry in Review, Vol. 10, 1 (Tenth Anniversary Issue: Spring/Summer 1982), 265-284.
  • “William Carlos Williams: In Praise of Women,” The Christian Science Monitor, 1982.
  • “William Carlos Williams’ College Lecture Notes,” Sulfur 4, 1982.
  • “Letter to Norman Macleod,” Pembroke Magazine, 12 (1980), 62-63.
  • “Williams on Stevens: Storming the Edifice,” Bulletin of the Poetry Society of America, LXXX (Winter 1980), 17-21.
  • “Lost Souls in Ill-Attended Wards: Berryman’s ‘Eleven Addresses to the Lord,’” Best Cellar Press Anthology, Ed. Greg Kuzma (1980), 8-21.
  • “Fretwork in Stone Tracery,” (On John Montague), Parnassus, 8, 1 (Fall/Winter 1979), 249-259.
  • Paterson 5: The Whore/Virgin and the Wounded One-Horned Beast,” The Denver Quarterly, (Summer 1978), 102-130.
  • “Fire of a Very Real Order’: Creeley and Williams,” Boundary 2, VI, 3-VII, 1 (Spring/Fall 1978), 173-190.
  • “Entrance Song,” Allen Mandelbaum’s Chelmaxioms (Godine & JPA, 1977), Parnassus, V, 2 (Spring/Summer 1977), 331-335.
  • “The Sounds of One’s Self Breathing: The Burden of Theological Metaphor in Hopkins,” Hopkins Quarterly, IV, 1 (Spring 1977), 17-26. Repr. Critical Essays on Gerard Manley Hopkins, Ed. Alison G. Sulloway, G. K. Hall & Co: Boston: 1990, pp. 53-59.
  • “Foreword” to John Sanford’s View from This Wilderness. Capra Press, 1977, pp. 12-23.
  • “Exporting Homemade Goods: Staggered Tercets in Williams and Tomlinson,” Contemporary Literature, 18, 3 (Summer 1977), 405-415. Reprinted in revised form as “Tomlinson’s Use of the Williams Triad” in Charles Tomlinson: Man and Artist, Ed. Kathleen O’Gorman, U. of Missouri Press (Columbia, Mo., 1988), 57-71. Repr. in edition of Williams/Tomlinson correspondence, Ed. Hugh Witemeyer, 1998.
  • “Poetry as a Field of Action: Guerilla Tactics in Paterson,” Iowa Review, 7, 4 (Fall 1976), 94-117.
  • "Towards a Poetics of Unselfconsciousness,” Renascence, 29 (Autumn 1976), 43-49.
  • “’O Christ Come Quickly!’ Lexical Plentitude and Primal Cry at the Heart of The Wreck,” in Readings of the Wreck, Loyola University Press, 1976, pp. 32-41.
  • “The Eighth Day of Creation: William Carlos Williams’ Late Ikons,” Twentieth Century Literature, 21, 3 (October 1975), 305-318. Reprinted in Harold Bloom’s Modern Critical Reviews: William Carlos Williams (Persea House, 1986).
  • “From the Civil War Diary and Letters of Corporal E. W. Stone, 21st Massachusetts,” The Massachusetts Review, XVI, 4 (Autumn 1975), 759-780.
  • "Shadows of an Old War: Hardy’s The Trumpet Major and The Dynasts,” Touchstone (Summer 1975), 3-10.
  • “Vespers: Robert Penn Warren at Seventy,” Parnassus, IV, 1 (Fall/Winter 1975),
  • “Williams’ Last Phase,” Paintbrush, I, 1 (Spring 1974), 43-47.
  • “Going for the Big One: Four Long Poems,” Parnassus, II, 1 (Fall/Winter 1973),
  • “Hopkins’ ‘Andromeda’ and the New Aestheticism,” Victorian Poetry, XI, 1 (Spring 1973), 39-54.
  • “A Williams Garland: Petals From the Falls, 1945-1950,” Ed. Paul Mariani, The Massachusetts Review, XIV, 1 (Winter 1973), 65-148. Contains “Williams’ Black Novel,” by Paul Mariani; Man Orchid, by W. C. Williams et al.; “Two Essays on Ezra Pound” (1947, 1950), Ed. Mariani; “Interview with Williams,” Ed. Emily Wallace.
  • “The Satyr’s Defense: Williams’ ‘Asphodel,’” Contemporary Literature, XIV, 1 (Winter 1973), 1-18.
  • “Towards the Canonization of William Carlos Williams,” The Massachusetts Review, XIII, 4 (Autumn 1972), 661-675.
  • “Hopkins’ ‘Harry Ploughman’ and Frederick Walker’s ‘The Plough,’” The Month, n.s. 40, 1 & 2 (July-August 1968), 37-45.
  • “The Artistic and Tonal Integrity of Hopkins’ ‘The Shepherd’s Brow,” Victorian Poetry, VI, 1 (Spring 1968), 63-68.
  • “Hopkins’ ‘Felix Randal’ as Sacramental Vision,” Renascence, XIX, 4 (Summer 1967), 217-220.
  • “The Hero as Divinity: Carlyle’s Apology for Skepticism,” CUNY, I (1966), 57-68.

Selected Reviews

  • “Close Correspondents,” review of Words in Air: The Complete Correspondence Between Elizabeth Bishop and Robert Lowell, Ed. Thomas Travisano with Saskia Hamilton, America Vol. 200 No. 8 (March 9, 2009), pp. 25-26.
  • “History and Language” Lawrence Joseph’s Into It and Codes, Precepts, Biases, and Taboos: Poems 1973-1993 America; Jan. 30, 2006, pp. 32-33.
  • “Introduction” to “One Author to Another: Excerpts from The Letters of Robert Lowell,” Bookforum (April/May 2006), p. 28.
  • "The Limits of the Ineluctable," review of Geoffrey Hill's The Orchards of Syon, for America, 187 (Sept. 2002).
  • "Pilgrim's Progress," review of Kristin Hahn's In Search of Grace: A Religious Journey Across America's Landscape of Faith, The Washington Post Book World (March 31-April 6, 2002), 5.
  • "The Wordless Word," review of Joseph Brodsky's Nativity Poems, America, 185, 20 (17 December 2001), 18-19.
  • "Travels and Travails," review of John Updike's Americana and Other Poems, America, 185, 18 (3 December 2001), 24-25.
  • "How We Get There," review of Kathleen Norris' The Virgin of Bennington and Journey: New and Selected Poems, America, Vol 185, No. 4 (August 13-20, 2001), pp. 23-25.
  • "The Mother Tongue." Review of Seamus Heaney's Electric Light: Poems, America, Vol. 184, No. 14 (April 23-30, 2001), pp. 25-26.
  • "When Poets Write Prose," America, Vol. 184, No. 14 (April 23-30, 2001), pp. 23-24.
  • Review of Philip A. Ballinger's The Poem as Sacrament: The Theological Aesthetic of Gerard Manley Hopkins, Louvain Theological and Pastoral Monographs, Vol. 26, Eerdmans, 2000, in Theological Studies, June 2001, Vol. 62, No. 2., 415-416.
  • "What Poetry Does," Review of Edward Hirsch's How to Read a Poem, Bookings, America, Vol. 182, No. 13 (15 April 2000), 21-22.
  • Review of Home Town by Tracy Kidder, America, Vol. 181, No. 8 (25 Sept. 1999), 19-20.
  • "Writers & Their Faith," The Writer's Chronicle, Ed. Michael Lythgoe, Associated Writing Programs, September 1998, 31, 1, pp. 1, 5-15.
  • Review of Thomas Day’s Where Have You Gone, Michelangelo?: The Loss of Soul in Catholic Culture. National Catholic Register. 7 Nov. 1993, p. 5.
  • Review of Andrew Motion’s Philip Larkin: A Writer’s Life and Larkin’s Selected Letters. Chicago Tribune, 22 August 1993, p. 3.
  • Review of Robert Fitzgerald’s The Third Kind of Knowledge: Memoirs & Selected Writings, Ed. Penelope Laurans Fitzgerald. Flannery O’Connor Bulletin. 21 (1992),
  • Review of Robert Martin’s biography of Gerard Manley Hopkins: A Very Private Life. Nineteenth Century Literature. (June 1993. 48.1), 121-124.
  • “Granddaddy of the Beats.” Review of Linda Hamalian’s The Force Behind the San Francisco Renaissance: A Life of Kenneth Rexroth and Kenneth Rexroth and James Laughlin: Selected Letters, Ed. Lee Bartlett. The Washington Post Book World, 14 April 1991, p. 4.
  • Review of Charles Molesworth’s Marianne Moore: A Literary Life. Chicago Tribune Books, 22 July 1990, p. 3.
  • “Ten on Ten.” The Ecco Press series of contemporary poets on poets. New England Review/ Bread Loaf Quarterly. XII, 3 (Spring 1990), 313-320.
  • “Reinventing the Comic Sublime.” Review of Robert Pack’s Before It Vanishes: A Packet for Professor Pagels. (Poems). Kenyon Review. Winter 1990 (NS 12, 1), 207-213.
  • Review of Humphrey Carpenter’s A Serious Character: The Life of Ezra Pound. The Chicago Tribune, Nov. 1988, pp. 14-15.
  • Review of Walter Ong’s Hopkins, the Self, and God. The Hopkins Review, 13, Nos. 1 & 2 (April-July 1986), pp. 55-59.
  • Review of Joan Richardson’s Wallace Stevens: The Early Years 1879-1923 (New York: William Morrow, 1986. 591 pp. Resources for American Literary Study (1986-1989). Vol. XVI, Nos. 1 & 2, pp. 207-210.
  • Review of Stanley Burnshaw’s Robert Frost Himself, George Braziller (New York, 1986) in The Washington Post Book World, Vol. XVI, No. 44 (2 Nov. 1986), 3 & 14.
  • Review of Milton J. Bates’ Wallace Stevens: A Mythology of Self (U. Cal Press, 1985), David LaGuardia’s Advance on Chaos: The Sanctifying Imagination of Wallace Stevens (U. Press of New England, 1983), and Mary Lou Motto’s Mined with a Motion: The Poetry of Gerard Manley Hopkins (Rutgers U. Press, 1984) in Literature & Religion 18.1 (Notre Dame, Spring 1986), 73-78.
  • Review of M. L. Rosenthal & Sally Gall’s The Modern Poetic Sequence, New York (Oxford U. Pr, 1983), in American Literature, Oct. 1986, pp. 465-468.
  • Review of D. A. Callard’s “Pretty Good for a Woman: The Enigmas of Evelyn Scott, (London & New York) Jonathan Cape, Norton (1985), in The William Carlos Williams Review, 12.1 (Spring 1986), 41-45.
  • Review of Paddy Kitchen’s Gerard Manley Hopkins: A Biography. Athenaeum, New York (1979), The Hopkins Quarterly, VII, 3 (Fall 1980), 125-128.
  • “Harold Bloom’s Wallace Stevens: The Poems of Our Climate,” Kritikon Litterarum, 1978, 73-76.
  • “Reading the Seismograph: Marjorie Perloff’s Frank O’Hara: Poet Among Painters,” Denver Quarterly, Spring 1978, 91-94.
  • “Two New Voices: Tapscott & Pinsky,” The Poetry Miscellany, 6 (1976), 58-63.
  • “Williams’s The Embodiment of Knowledge,” William Carlos Williams Newsletter, I, 1 (Fall 1975), 9-12.
  • “Theodore Roethke,” Contemporary Literature, XVII, 1 (Winter 1976), 138-141.
  • “In the American Grain,” The Nation, 221, 7 (12 Sept. 1975), 217-219.
  • “The Poetry of Randall Jarrell,” Journal of Modern Literature, III, 5 (Feb. 1974),
  • “The Critic as Friend from Pascagoula,” The Massachusetts Review, XII, 1 (Winter 1971), 162-167.
  • “Words for Hart Crane,” Hartford Studies in Literature, III, 2 (1971), 150-153.