Administrators and the Responsible Conduct of Research
Glossary

Glossary

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A-21, OMB Circular

Cost Principles for Educational Institutions (05/10/2004) issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget. Document Link

A-110, OMB Circular

Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Other Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals and Other Non-Profit Organizations (11/19/1993) (further amended 09/30/1999) – issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget. Document Link

A-133, OMB Circular

Document Link

Allocable Costs

Allowable Costs

Bayh-Dole Act

Clinical Trial

Reference Link

Co-investigator

Co-Principal Investigator

An individual designated along with one or more other Co-Principal Investigators by the institution to direct a project or activity being supported by external funding. He or she is responsible and accountable to the institution and sponsor for the proper conduct of the project or activity. Co-Principal Investigators have equal authority and responsibility for the conduct of the sponsored project.

Collaboration Agreement

Confidential Disclosure Agreement

Conflict of Commitment

A situation in which an individual has outside activities and business interests so significant that they may interfere with the primacy of the individual's commitments to the institution as his/her primary employer.

Conflict of Interest

Conflict of Interest Committee

Conflict of Interest Disclosure

Consulting Agreement

Reference Link

Copyright

Copyright is a form of protection provided by the laws of the United States (title 17, U.S. Code) to the authors of "original works of authorship," including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. The owner of copyright has the exclusive right to do and to authorize others to do the following:

  1. To reproduce the work in copies or phonorecords;
  2. To prepare derivative works based upon the work;
  3. To distribute copies or phonorecords of the work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership, or by rental, lease, or lending;
  4. To perform the work publicly;
  5. To display the copyrighted work publicly; and
  6. In the case of sound recordings, to perform the work publicly by means of a digital audio transmission.

Link to U.S.Copyright Office

Cost-Sharing

A portion of the total project or program expenses related to a sponsored agreement that is contributed by parties other than the primary sponsor and not charged to the sponsor.

Cost Transfer

The movement of costs from one project to another to correct an assignment of costs that may not have been allocable or allowable.

Data

Data Sharing Plan

Effort Reporting

Effort reporting is a method for documenting activity provided in support of sponsored projects. Ref: UPenn Discussion PP

Equity

Whole or partial ownership of a commercial entity.

Facility Use Agreement

FERPA

More information

Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC)

Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC)

Institutional Review Board (IRB)

Intellectual Property

Ref. USPTO Glossary

Intellectual Property Agreement

Liability

License

Management Plan

Mandatory Cost Sharing Plan

The sharing of projects costs that is required by the terms of a sponsored agreement or sponsor policy.

Material Transfer Agreement

Mentor

Document Link

Mentoring relationship

An advising relationship between a more-experienced person and a more-junior person that is professional in nature but also includes a more personalized nurturing aspect.

Patent

The exclusive property rights to an invention which permit the owner the right to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, or selling the invention. Ref. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

Prime Agreement

Prime Awardee

Principal Investigator

Ref: Modified from the NIH Grants Policy Statement, 12/03

Proprietary

Protocol

Reasonable Costs

A cost may be considered reasonable if the nature of the goods or services acquired or applied, and the amount involved therefore, reflect the action that a prudent person would have taken under the circumstances prevailing at the time the decision to incur the cost was made. (ref. A-21, C.3)

Shelby Amendment

Significant Financial Interest

A situation in which any one of the following exists:

(1) an Employee and/or immediate family members or associated entity have an aggregated equity interest in a Business representing ownership of 5 percent or more or a value of $10,000 or more, as determined through reference to public prices or other reasonable measures of fair market value;

(2) an Employee and/or immediate family members or associated entity are expected to receive an aggregated annual income or other consideration from a Business equal to or exceeding $10,000 over the next 12 months (income includes all types of compensation);

(3) an Employee and/or immediate family members or associated entity have a commitment for future royalties from a business the next 12 months and beyond that are expected to equal or exceed $10,000 in aggregated annual income; or

(4) an Employee or immediate family member has a Business Interest in a Business whose purpose or activities are similar or related to the work to be conducted under the Sponsored Project. (Ref: BC COI Policy)

Sponsor

Sponsored Project

Sponsored projects are research, training, or instructional projects involving funds, materials, other forms of compensation, or exchanges of in-kind efforts from sources external to the institution under awards or agreements which contain any one of the following criteria:

Stewardship

Subaward

Subawardee/Subrecipient

Teaming Agreement

Trade Secret

Trainee

Voluntary Committed Cost Sharing

The sharing of project costs on that if offered by an institution over and above a sponsor's cost-sharing requirements. Once accepted by the sponsor, voluntary committed cost-sharing becomes mandatory cost-sharing.

Voluntary Uncommitted Cost Sharing

The sharing of project costs over and above sponsor cost-sharing requirements, but not offered as a part of a funding application. It does not become a part of the award requirements and is, therefore, not considered mandatory.

Work-for-Hire