The Influence of Computer-Print on Rater Scores
How Computer-based Technology Can Disrupt the Technology of Testing and Assessment
Does It Matter With What I Write? Comparing Performance On Paper, Computer and Portable Writing Devices
Michael Russell and Tom Plati
Computer Use and Writing Test:
How Paper Tests Underestimate the Performance of Computer-savvy Students
This series of studies examined the validity of scores yielded by written tests administered on paper to students accustomed to writing with a word processor. Through a series of experiments with students in upper elementary, middle and high school, the paper-based tests were consistently found to underestimate the performance of students accustomed to writing with computers. Several reports were released and can be downloaded from the Reports link (right).