Gary Burtless, PhD
Senior Fellow, Economic Studies
Gary Burtless holds the Whitehead Chair in Economic Studies at the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC. He does research on issues connected with poverty and the income distribution, public finance, aging, labor markets, social insurance, and the behavioral effects of government tax and transfer policy.
Burtless is coauthor of Five Years After: The Long Term Effects of Welfare-to-Work Programs (1995), Globaphobia: Confronting Fears about Open Trade (1998), Growth with Equity: Economic Policymaking for the Next Century (1993), and Can America Afford to Grow Old? Paying for Social Security (1989). He was also editor or co-editor and contributor to Aging Societies: The Global Dimension (1998), Does Money Matter? The Effect of School Resources on Student Achievement and Adult Success (1996), A Future of Lousy Jobs? The Changing Structure of U.S. Wages (1990), Work, Health and Income Among the Elderly (1987), Retirement and Economic Behavior (1984), and Closing the Deficit: How Much Can Later Retirement Help? (forthcoming). He served five years as co-editor of the Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs and earlier served as associate editor of the Journal of Human Resources. Burtless has written numerous scholarly and popular articles on labor markets, income distribution, pensions, and the economic effects of Social Security, unemployment insurance, and taxes. In recent work he has assessed the impact of the 2008-2010 stimulus programs on U.S. social protection and the economy, evaluated the implications of financial market fluctuations for the design of optimal pension systems, and estimated the impact of public and private health insurance on the distribution of American household incomes.
Burtless graduated from Yale College in 1972 and received a Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1977. Before coming to Brookings in 1981, he served as an economist in the policy and evaluation offices of the Secretary of Labor and the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. In 1993 he was Visiting Professor of Public Affairs at the University of Maryland, College Park.