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Citation Formatting

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Online and Print Resources for Creating a Bibliography

Always check with your professor for the preferred bibliographical format. Most professors will ask you to use either Modern Language Association (MLA) or American Psychological Association (APA) standards.

American Psychological Association (APA)

Purdue Online Writing Lab: APA


Chicago (Turabian) Style

Chicago Manual of Style Online  (or O'Neill Reference Z253 .U69 2003)
An essential reference for authors, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers in any field, the new fifteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style has been revised and updated with current style and writing in the electronic age.  The Chicago Manual of Style from the Databases page.

A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago style for students and researchers. - by Kate L. Turabian (O'Neill Reference Desk LB2369 .T8 2007) 


Modern Language Association (MLA)

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. - by Joseph Gibaldi (O'Neill Reference Desk LB2369 .G53 1999)

Modern Language Association Citation Style - Purdue Online Writing Lab


Other Citation Formats and Assistance

Some databases provide information on how to cite resources. For example:

  • Citing from Academic OneFile  - click on "Citation Tools" in the "Tools Box"  at the top of the article citation page.
  • Citing from LexisNexis Academic  - click on the book icon after the print, e-mail or save icons. Export references to Refworks, our citation manager, and select the appropriate citation format

Citation Guides for Electronic Documents from IFLA with links to a number of citation guides.

Citation Styles for Research Papers from the B.Davis Schwartz Memorial Library, Long Island University/C.W. Post Campus.

Columbia Guide to Online Style (O'Neill Library, PN171.F56W35 2006)

Electronic Styles: A Handbook for Citing Electronic Information. by Xia Li (O'Neill Reference Desk PN171 .L5 1996)

Elements of Style - by William Strunk, Jr. (O'Neill Reference PE1408 .S772 2000)

Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers. - Style Manual Committee, Council of Biology Editors. (O'Neill Reserves T11 .S386 2006)