Originally presented at
the Fifth Biennial Conference On Christianity and the Holocaust sponsored
by The Julius and Dorothy Koppelman Holocaust/Genocide Resource Center and the
Campus Ministry at
University, October 18-19, 1998. Reprinted here with the kind permission of the
In a comment published at the
end of a 1971 address by the late Rev. John Oesterreicher, one of the pioneers
of the Jewish-Catholic dialogue, Rabbi Irving Greenberg, another early pioneer,
declared that Nostra Aetate, specifically the Declaration on the Jews,
is a new direction, and not a final statement.
The more than a quarter of a century that has elapsed since that optimistic
comment have seen tremendous growth in the relationship between Jews and
Catholics.Although this growth has
not come without difficult moments, the momentum has continued to push the
relationship forward.A major part
of this new growth has involved the sweeping away of old stereotypes that
distort the reality of both Jew and Catholic.As the historian David Flusser wrote: Sound scholarship removes
obstacles and paves the way for truth and mutual understanding.
But at the same time as we try to sweep away those harmful stereotypes from the
narratives and discourse of normative religious and social life, we must also
accept that the perpetuation of those stereotypes continues not just on the
fringes, but penetrates even into the center of our society.
eminent historian of antisemitism, Gavin Longmuir, has described the
continuation of these prejudices clearly: maintenance of prejudicial
stereotypes is less a function of the sociological and psychological
conditions and stresses of a society than it is a function of the societys
memory.However such beliefs may
have been engendered initially, they have become an accepted part of a
societys traditions, and they will tend to endure so long as those
responsible for preserving and communicating the societys official
conception of the past refuse to confuse or reformulate them. In our society,
that is the function of historians and the relevant authorities of the
historical religions."It is the theme of this paper to expose the continued existence of
these old stereotypes that demonize both Catholic and Jew, and to illustrate
how, using the new technology of cyberspace, extremists have been provided
with a new marketing tool
that puts these stereotypes and prejudices in front of an potential audience
of almost one billion people.
The power of the Internet to reach people is staggering.According to some observers, it currently attracts an estimated thirty
to fifty million observers with predictions of 100 million by the end
of this year, and close to one billion people accessing the diverse
capabilities of cyberspace by early next century.Ultimately this means that, as Internet expert and free speech advocate
Mike Godwin writes: It has now become possible for an individual to reach an
audience of any size.While some of its proponents see only the good that exists online
the reality is quite different.Extremists
(along with criminals and pornographers) have quickly realized the benefits of
this new medium.As I have described
elsewhere: The combination of inexpensive, instantaneous worldwide
communication that is essentially unblockable and allows for communication
without physical exposure has been an empowering experience for many in the
extremist community.(Able to enter
your home) without leaving (the shelter) of their homes, these individuals have
found themselves electronically linked across the globe, thus creating the
illusion of an international movement.This
has led to sustained growth in their numbers.
When five years ago, the
began monitoring extremist sites online, we followed less than fifty sites.Today, we are looking at over one thousand sites that we consider
extremist in their message of radical hate and bigotry.For many of these sites, antisemitism seems to be a central focus,
appearing under a variety of themes, cloaked in religious, scholarly and
those who follow the extremist world, the religion known as Christian
Identity has become more and more visible as a motivating force in the fringes
of society.Perhaps the clearest
example of this was the standoff in the spring of 1996 in Montana
between law enforcement authorities and the group known as the Freemen.While most accounts of the affair described the Freemens political
beliefs, some accounts did dig deeper and explored, as entitled in one report,
the Freemens Theological Agenda, which identified the Freemen as
adherents of Christian Identity, a theology of racism, anti-Semitism,
and male supremacy that is attracting a growing number of followers in the
United States, particularly among fringe groups in the West.
On the Net, Identity appears in various guises.(It is interesting to note that Michael Barkuns important study, Religion
and the Racist Right, published in 1994, makes absolutely no reference to
the Internet - an omission which today would seriously weaken any study of
extremism.)A FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions and Answers) on Israel-Identity that
was composed by Identity Minister Rick Savage appeared on some of the different
Identity sites.Savages key
points (out of the 6 that he describes as core points) are that The
Jews of Judaism today admit in their own literature (referenced later in
this document) that they are NOT (his emphasis) Israelites, but are impostor and
are indeed Christs and Christian Israels principal enemies . . . The truth
concerning the identity of modern day Israel is vital information for the
body of Christ, i.e. for true Israel, and even for the rest of the world . . .
Germanic kindred (white) people are the true descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and
Jacob/Israel (The full text of the 13 questions and answers, plus the
conclusion, when downloaded, total 62 pages).
While there are many variants of Identity, its central premise is
biblically rooted.Identity minister
Ronald Schoedel (who is now offline) put it this way in a 1995 homepage entitled
Christian Identity Online: The questions that Identity addresses include:Who is Israel? (Schoedels emphasis) What is Israels
responsibility?What are the
covenants between Israel and
Yahweh all about?Once these
questions are met with Biblical answers, we soon find out that the Bible is a
whole new book to us (Schoedel, Christian Identity Online).
The answers to these questions are spelled out on, amongst others, the
Aryan Nations homepage.There we
find Adam described as the father of the white race only (Adam in the
original Hebrew is translated: to show blood in the face; turn rosy. - [a
trait which would exclude any people of color - M. W.]).Thus We believe that the true literal children of the Bible are the
twelve tribes of Israel, now scattered throughout the world and now known as the
Anglo-Saxon, Germanic, Teutonic, Scandinavian, Celtic peoples of the earth
(This belief is due to tracing the lineage of Abraham back to Adam).Further, We believe that there are literal children of Satan in the
world today.These children are the
descendants of Cain, who was a result of Eves original sin, her physical
seduction by Satan.Thus,
according to this account, the serpent of Genesis was not a reptile, but
an independent human appearing agent of evil in revolt against God.This picture of the Devil as an apostate does have resonance in the words
of the Church Fathers (i.e. Satan the Devil).
The Aryan Nation creed continues:We
know that because of this sin there is a battle and a natural enmity between the
children of Satan and the children of the most High God (Yahweh), so once
Schoedels first question of who is Israel has been answered, the next
response deals with Israels responsibility today.The conclusion to be drawn from this Biblical exegesis of racism is a
justification of racial holy war (RAHOWA, an acronym that appears frequently in
various extremist writings).We
believe that the Cananite Jew is the natural enemy of our Aryan (white) Race.This is attested by scripture and all secular history.The Jew is like a destroying virus that attacks our racial body to
destroy our Aryan culture and the purity of our race (these terms are
strikingly similar to Adolf Hitlers terminology.See, for example his Mein Kampf, where Jews are described as
parasites and a noxious bacillus which keeps spreading).So there is a battle being fought this day between the Children of
Darkness (today known as Jews) and the children of light (Yahweh, the Everliving
God), the Aryan Race, the true Israel of
the Bible.The Dead Sea Scrolls scholar, Geza Vermes, has described the Scroll known
as the War Rule as theological writing (which) symbolizes the eternal
struggle between the spirits of Light and Darkness.This description could just as well apply to Christian Identity today.The Aryan Nations have their own way of putting it:Ultimately we believe that there is a day of reckoning.The usurpers will be thrown out by the terrible might of Yahwehs
people, as they return to their roots and their special destiny (All
citations above are from the Aryan Nations homepage unless otherwise noted).
For the Identity adherent, this struggle has already begun.The Aryan Nations homepage quoted above also has documents that
include a Declaration of Independence dated March 12, 1996, that states that
the Aryan people in American are, and of rights ought to be, a free and
independent nation, (and) that they are absolved from all allegiance to the
United States of America.The
cause of this action is the history of the present Zionist Occupied
Government (ZOG) of the United States of America, which has, as its direct
object - the establishment of an absolute tyranny . . .(and) as one of its
foremost purposes, the eradication of the White race and its culture
(Declaration of Independence, Aryan Nations homepage).Accompanying this document is a detailed platform for the AryanNationalState
Mark Thomas, a former Aryan Nations representative in
, now in federal prison, had a World Wide Web edition of his publication, The
Watchman where he described himself as a Two-seedline Identity minister
(referring to the division between Adams Aryan and Cains Satanic Jewish
seeds, or descendants.Thomas rejects not only Judaism, but Christianity as well.In his words, I cannot overemphasize how completely opposite the
original truth called Identity is to mainstream Christianity.If the one is right, then the other is Satanic, they are diametrically
opposed from each other.
Another site that exists as an antisemitic religion is Matt Hales
of the Creator site.Hale, a 25
year old student from
, has turned this almost moribund group into one the fastest growing extremist
sites on the Internet.Creativity is a pseudo-religion that is established for the survival,
expansion and advancement of our white race exclusively 
and sees itself as being in resistance to the Jewish Occupational Government
.Listed on the site are 38 different contact points across the
, including 3 from
.Hales site maintains links to
12 specific Creativity sites (including one each for women, teens and children),
amongst their other links.He also
recognizes the power of cyberspace, and even has a page devoted to how his
followers can work on Expanding Creativity on the Web.
While the sites above are examples of religious antisemitism, some
patriot sites also embrace antisemitism.For example, two of the most notorious and virulent antisemitic books in
history, The Protocols of the Elders of Zion and The Turner Diaries, can be
found at the site of the Minnesota Militia.
Another site, Be Wise as Serpents, exists to expose a composite
serpent which has devised sinister plans concerning EVERYONE.We will expose something they call The New World Order.
This site has sections dealing with the themes of Common Law, Apostasy,
Revisionism (Holocaust Denial), Protocols (The Protocols of the Elders of Zion),
and Conspiracy.The Common Law and
Conspiracy sections are full of links to sites that deal with those typical
Patriot themes.The very first icon on this page is a link to Carl Klangs homepage,
s #1 Patriot singer sells his albums which contain lyrics similar to those
sung by the skinhead bands which are discussed below.On Klangs most recent album, Extremist, the song The News
Behind the News has a refrain that goes:
Its the news behind the news and the methods you can use
Its the blueprint and the plan you can rely on
And its written in the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion.
Resistance Records is an example of a site that sells what can best be
described as skinhead music.Bands
with names like RAHOWA, Final Solution and Extreme Hatred all are advertised on
this site, and samples of their music are available.Albums with names like Nordic Thunders Born to Hate contain
songs with titles like RAHOWAs Third Reich and Triumph of the
Will (named after Leni Riefenstahts notorious Nazi propaganda film).The lyrics of RAHOWAs Third Reich (sung to the tune of Jerry Lee
Lewis classic rock song Great Balls of Fire) give a clear idea of the
themes that are dealt with:
We kill all the niggers and you gas all the Jews
Kill all the gypsies and the commie too
You just killed a kike, dont it feel right
Goodness gracious Third Reich.
The albums can be purchased with standard credit cards
(Visa, MasterCard).Two years ago
50,000 such albums were sold over the Internet.
Music has thus become a propaganda tool for extremists.
Antisemitism also appears in the guise of scholarship on the Internet.Holocaust Denial sites, also known as revisionist sites can easily be
found.The Institute for Historical review, the world center of Holocaust
denial, has an elaborate site that includes online entries from the print
Journal of Historical Review (the Institutes pseudo-scholarly journal).Despite oft-repeated denials of antisemitic motives,
these entries do illuminate the thinking of these self-styled scholars.One entry, reprinted from the Journal, entitled Switzerland in
the Grip of the Traditional Enemy, is introduced :
Our country is today involved in the greatest foreign
crisis since the Second World War.It faces a powerful enemy
who, paradoxically, hardly anyone dares to name
the western world he enjoys a kind of state
protection, and because
he portrays itself in the image of the eternally
situation, the blackmailer has been able to appear as
persecuted victim, and to take advantage of most
nature and sense of fair play.
Although the author, Bernhard Schaub,
does not spell out who this enemy is, it is not too difficult to realize he is
referring to Jews.Later he adds
that the world will come under control of the New World Order, and this order
will not be directly democratic, nor will it respect developed cultures
(but) this truly New World order will be: one world, with one government,
one (mixed) race, ruled by one chosen people, one god (Yahweh), and one
cult the Holocaust.
Another entry, a review of an
Iconoclastic Polish Journal (stanczyk) discusses the denial articles
printed in the Polish journal and then adds, To the extent that Christian,
and especially Roman Catholic leaders, embrace this Holocaust religion, they
accept a Judaization of Christianity, and betray their own religious
principles and heritage.Another respectable site, Australias
Adeilade Institute, embarks on the final intellectual journey of the 20th
century by claiming that it is too cheap for us decry our work as that of
hate-mongers, anti-Semites, racists, or neo-Nazis.
However, deeper in the site we find Institute associate David Brockschmidt,
addressing an Open Letter to the Leaders of World Jewry where he writes
that the anti-Gentilism and the hate for everything that is not Jewish makes
me sick because this hatred takes us back to the roots of antisemitism your
anti-Gentile Babylonian Talmud.Brockschmidt actually claims to be writing out of the horror that
antisemitism is on the rise again!For Ernst Zundel, the Canadian Holocaust denier and Neo-nazi, there is no
pretense.On his site we can read
The problem confronting Western civilization is how to be fair to the
Jews.Obviously they respect no
quota idea in their power or influence;otherwise
there would have to be only a few Jewish appointees in Clintons
administration, in Hollywood, or
the mass media.One topic deserving of much larger treatment is that of ever more
open practice of kabbalistic rites (referring to the lowing of a shofar, a
rams horn during a Jewish mystical rite reported in two stories [Feb. 10 and
19, 1998] that appeared in the Toronto Star) in an attempt to harness global
control or should one say, prevent the slipping of control? by our
opposition.The Z Gram concludes
by declaring, I dont know about you, but I feel that global Super-Power
Zion believed to be invincible relying on the blast of a rams horn
transmitted through the lapdog media is counting on our ignorance in a rather
transparent and desperate way.
It thus has become apparent that in any search for extremism on the
Internet, the usual subjects are found as targets.The subjects are the familiar targets of American extremism, people
who could not be assimilated in the national community because of their religion
or ethnicity, as David Bennett describes in his history of the American Far
Right.We have seen how, for example, antisemitism is a preeminent theme for
extremists on the Web.Other targets
include blacks, gays, liberals, foreigners, women, pro-choice advocates and
other similar groups.However, one
group that was conspicuously present in the list of traditional American targets
is conspicuously absent when we think oftargets.I am referring, of course, to Catholics, particularly Catholics in the U.S.
The history of anti-Catholicism in the U.S. has
been well documented.From the
beginning of the colonial period when according to one expert, the earliest
target was Roman Catholicism,
to the modern period, where another writer goes to the extremes of claiming
that anti-Catholicism is the last remaining unexposed prejudice in
the existence of anti-Catholicism has been a constant, differing only in
appearance, extent and influence.Although
the election of John F. Kennedy and the reforms begun by Vatican II signified
that the climate had changed dramatically,
anti-Catholicism was never erased from the American scene, only diminished and
sublimated.Today, the most
aggressive group monitoring anti-Catholicism, the Catholic League for Religious
and Civil Rights, would even disagree with that assessment.On their Web site, the League claims that todays band of
anti-Catholicism is more virulent and more pervasive than ever before in
American history quite simply, Catholic bashing has become a staple of
American society.Yet even with that pessimistic assessment, the Internet has not been
investigated or analyzed by researchers for its Anti-Catholic propaganda.It would almost seem that no one expects to find vestiges of classical
bigotry in this new medium.
My own research demonstrates quite a different story.Along with the other forms of extremism described earlier, one can find
anti-Catholicism to be visible as well.While
the numbers are certainly nowhere near as large as the antisemitic or racist
sites, they are nonetheless present.
we begin to look at these sites, we can quickly see that they basically
represent traditional themes, with only the medium being the difference.These themes are certainly not novel.As David Brion Davis has written: There was a cultural continuity
between such movements (of counter-subversion) and the traditional European
response to radical religious sects and secular brotherhoods; anti-Catholicism,
of course, was as old as the Reformation, and its principal arguments and
accusations changed very little over the centuries images of the subversive
group, while often borrowed from the ruling classes of Europe, were adapted to
fit the fears and half-conscious yearnings of the American people.For example, one theme that reappears is the graphic description of the
supposed sexual activities of priests and nuns that can be best described, in Davis
terms as, a fantasy of licentious orgies and fearful punishments.
theme, with its European roots
peaked in the United States with
the publication in 1836 of the notorious Awful Disclosures of the Hotel Dieu
Nunnery by Maria Monk.The book relied on its alluring pornographic overtones
to sell over 300,000 copies (second only to Uncle Toms Cabin) before
the Civil War.In summary it focused wholly on sex and sadism corrupt
priests terrorizing innocent young women moving between seminary and
convent, priests were in league with evil mother superiors to arrange
criminal intercourse. Deep in the cellars were the bleaching bone of
infants born of these illicit affairs, strangled immediately after baptism.
Today we can find all of these purported details updated and are dredged
upelectronically.One Web site has a section on personal testimonies that includes one
called A Nuns Testimony.This
anonymous document, when downloaded, comes out to 67 pages of what can only be
described as an updated version of Awful Disclosures.Replete with sex and sadism, it purports to tell the story of a Catholic
woman, born in 1897 who from the age of 13, when she entered a convent boarding
school, until she was saved in 1946, underwent incredible torture and
torment at the hands of priests and nuns.All
the themes of the Awful Disclosures are there including the
subterranean tunnels, infanticide, rape, mutilation and torture.Incredibly, the anonymous heroine survives all of her tribulations, and
ultimately is born again, finding salvation in an unnamed version of Protestant
fundamentalism.The sensitive subject of pedophilia has also been sensationalized by the
Anti-Catholic extremists.The same
site as above has a section called Catholic Priesthood: Repository of Perverts,
subtitled notorious for child molestation-why?, that lists 25 postings of
various articles accusing Catholic clergy of sexual misconduct.One posting is a link to an article that concludes by alleging that
there are at least 1,000,000 direct victims of (Catholic) clergy sexual abuse
and between 4-6 million indirect victims in the U.S.
In a search run on ten major search engines under the deliberately provocative
heading Catholic sexual abuse, one search engine (AltaVista) turned up the
virulently anti-Catholic entry Catholic Priesthood: Repository of Perverts
that I cited earlier, as the first choice of information on this topic.It is important to note that search engines do not list their entries
according to quality, accuracy or any other form of selective preference; rather
they rely on various differing algorithmic methods to make their lists.
The reliance on testimony by ex-Catholics is a big part of on-line
anti-Catholicism.In this, as in so
many other ways, the antisemitic and anti-Catholic sites have many parallels.The variety of ex-Catholic testimony on the Web ranges from the
pornographic testimonies cited above to the Testimony of a Former Irish
Priest, by Richard Peter Bennett.Bennetts
sober spiritual autobiography describes his career in the Church, including his
ordination at age 25 (in 1963), his studies (AngelicumUniversity in Rome), and
his growing disillusionment with the Church, starting in 1972 and characterized
as a conflict between the Bible and the Church. (This Church-Bible dilemma
is a prevalent theme in much of the anti-Catholic material that I reviewed).By 1985, at age 48, Bennett had left the Church, come to the U.S. (from
had a new birth.Today,
Bennetts mission is rescuing Catholics from their disastrous spiritual state,
as he wrote: my hearts desire and prayer to God for Catholics is that they
may be saved.While Bennetts journey is not inflammatory in itself, his testimony is
also found at more virulent sites, such as jesus-is-lord, where it is introduced
with the hope that this testimony will open many eyes, ears and hearts to the
dangers (my emphasis) of Catholicism.Also at that site can be found another testimony, headlined as
Testimony: Escape from the Roman Catholic Religion and into the Arms of
Jesus and introduced as demonstrating just how insidious Romanism
(emphasis in the original) is.Other forms of personal testimony can be found at the Former Catholics
for Christ homepage, or the Mission to
The papacy is a common target of many of these sites.The Pope, according to one purposely misinterprets scriptures,
according to another he is a hypocrite, who parades around the world as a
champion of freedom and truth for everyone, that is everyone except those in his
own Romish system.Another asks the question, has the Pope apologized for
Persecutions? and answers Dont be deceived by the clever manipulations
of false teachers.The Pope has not
repented, and the Roman Catholic Church has not substantially changed for if
he had, a repentant Pope would cast aside his blasphemous title, and
would acknowledge that the papacy, through its blasphemous claims and
sacramental gospel, has led multitudes to eternal hell.(This is attributed to David Cloud, Fundamental Baptist News Service, in Oak
Harbor, Washington.)The same source also has another article entitled Pope Exercising
Supremacy, Destroying Books.
Although Bernard McGinn concluded his major study of the Antichrist by
writing that It may no longer be possible for most of us to believe in the
legendary figure of a coming individual who will sum up all human evil at the
end of time,
McGinn had earlier noted the belief in a literal antichrist held by millions
of Fundamentalist Christians.Yet, while noting this belief, McGinn wrote that even the Evangelical
Fundamentalists, for whom Antichrist is certainly alive and well, have been
uncomfortable with a papal Antichrist.This certainly is a change from 19th century extremism that
often linked the papacy to the Antichrist to serve as a spur to action.However, on the Web, we see this identification of the Pope as the
Antichrist still exists.One Web site has a heading that claim Conclusive Proof from the Bible
that the Pope is the Antichrist, as an advertising hook for a book entitled
Earths Final Hours, that is available through the Web site.This book shows conclusively that the Pope is the antichrist.After reading this book you will have no doubt about what the papacy
really is or what it intends to do to the world in the near future.
Another site entitled Vicar of Christ or Antichrist, goes into
greater detail by laying out twelve Biblical proofs that contrasted with twelve
Catholic Church teachings, leads to a moment of decision that is framed in the
starkest of terms:Will you serve
the King, Jesus Christ, or will you serve the Antichrist, the Pope?A similar method is also followed by the site titled Roman Catholicism
Exposed! The King James Bible vs. The Roman Catholic Church, validated by the
proof text And they worshipped the dragon (the Antichrist) Revelation
13:4, KJV, King James Bible.
If the pope can be the Antichrist, it should come as no surprise that we
can find sites that link Catholicism with Satanism.One Ed Tarkowski uses his site to lay out a 6000 Year Overview:
Satans Effort to Hinder Gods Plan.In this plan the Devil made the early church the point of
reference, (instead of God, the thrust is now on man losing dominion)
and thus gave humanity a false starting point.Satans mystery religions, their initiations and their rites,
disguised and modernized, have now penetrated many aspects of Christianity.Tarkowskis definition of the generic term Christianity is made clearer
shortly after, when he writes that Satan has saturated the Church with the
Dominionist doctrine 
Sometimes the attempt to defame another belief can be less than impressive.An example of that is found in a personal testimony entitled, Raised
Catholic with a Penchant for the Satanic.Here the Satanism of the Church is made explicit.It consisted of requiring the author to take a psychological
compatibility quiz in order to marry his Catholic wife.In his own words he felt so depraved submitting to this Satanism, but
at the time it was worth it to marry my wife.Ultimately, the marriage broke up and his wife entered a shelter for
"illegal Mexican immigrants and abused women and our witness went to
his priest for help.Again, in his
own words, well I told the priest and he acted surprised and that he didnt
know (yeah right).I basically was
fed-up at the Satanism of Catholicism at this time, but went back to the
pretending to try and get them to reconcile us.Later in his text our witness acknowledges that he has been accused of
wife beating and raping and has a court imposed restraining order against him.Nonetheless, the Web site still sees fit to post this sorry story under
the heading Satanic Catholic.Not all the charges of Satanism came from the gutter.Another site breaks the sensational story, The Devil, You Say?Archbishop, Former Jesuit Claim Satanists Skulk in the Vatican.This story, by-lined by one Jay Nelson, quotes Archbishop Emmanuel
Milingo as saying, in a 1996 conference, (Fatima 2000 International Congress on
World Peace, Rome, November 18-23, 1996) that Now the third dimension [of
evil] is the most dangerous The third dimension is people who follow
instruction in satanic sects Now with this third dimension, Im sorry to
say, our Church is so protected now that he is like an animal protected by the
government The devil within the Church today is actually protected by certain
Church authorities from the official devil-hunter in the Church the
exorcist (needless to say, Archbishop Milingo is identified in the article as
an official exorcist and author of Face to Face with the Devil).In the aftermath of these controversial remarks Milingo was further
quoted as saying that Certainly there are priests and bishops (who are
followers of Satan).I stop at this
level of the ecclesiastical hierarchy because I am an archbishop, higher than
this I cannot go.According to
press reports quoted on the on-line articleMilingo cited the statement by Pope Paul VI who was reputed to have said
after the Second Vatican Council From somewhere or other the smoke of Satan
has entered the temple of God, and then Milingo added: I have not heard
that anyone has seen him leave.After
this, the article turns to the controversial American author, Malachi Martin,
who verifies Milingos assertion.He
is a good archbishop and his contention that there are Satanists in Rome is
completely correct.Martin ties
in some familiar themes in a quote from his 1990 book, The Keys of This Blood,
in which he wrote The cultic acts of satanic pedophilia are considered by
professionals to be the culmination of the Fallen Archangels rites.The on-line article then wonders why the story is ignored in the American
press, except in two sources, one of which is described as a conservative
pro-Marian Catholic newsletter associated with the group that sponsored the
conference where Archbishop Milingo originally made his statement, and the
organ of the John Birch society a right-wing political group it is this
account that this article is largely based on.Tucked away toward the end of the article is the opinion of an unnamed
associated press researcher that Milingo is a big old mouth full of a
lot of insanity and thus his opinions are essentially ignored in the
American news media.
An example of how the Internet has empowered extremists can be seen from
the career of Jack Chick.A
Californian, he achieved a modest degree of notoriety in the early-mid 1980s,
by producing a series of comic (and regular) books that, in the words of once
scholar illustrate the lingering force of this (anti-Catholic) hostility.The theme of the books was, in the words of another expert, Maria Monk
returned in 1984.Although the books sold fairly well, times had indeed changed and, as
Mark Noll is quick to point out: Protestants from very many backgrounds
joined Catholic spokesmen in denouncing the books; the Christian Booksellers
Association, which represented largely a conservative Protestant constituency,
expressed its regret over the publications; and evangelical journalists
contributed much of the hard information that exposed the comic books as
fraudulent.Today however, Jack Chick maintains a Web site where the interested
reader can read (or download) a complete copy of Chicks 500 page book, Smokescreens,
along with 35 other tracts.The list
of products for purchase includes the tracts, available in English and in 60
books, T-shirts, comic, posters, and videos.In his introduction to Smokescreens, Chick openly lays out his
agenda: Now we believe at Chick Publications, that the whore of Revelation is
the Roman Catholic Institution You see, the Jesuits influenced people, and
they started setting up smokescreens (hence, the books title) during our
times and when that smokescreen came up we started the whore of Revelation in
a different light There has been a multi-million dollar campaign made through
the media to convince people that I am a bigoted, anti-Catholic hate literature
publisher The truth is, I love the Catholic people enough to risk my life and
my business to pull them out of the false religious system theyre now
serving.The books chapter
titles illustrate its obsessions:A
20th Century Inquisition (this refers to the Holocaust, which
according to Chick, resulted because the Jesuits had secretly prepared World
War II, and Hitlers war machine was built and financed by the Vatican to
conquer the world for Roman Catholicism.),
The Whore of Revelation and concluding with Blueprint for Catholic
America, which exposes the Roman Catholic Institutions plans to take
over the United States.Once that
happens when the Vatican take
control of the United States,
every pastor and his family will be shot in the head.Other books on Chicks list include Dave Hunts, A Woman Rides the
Beast, which offers proof that the Roman Catholic Church is involved in
Antichrists future empire, making it impossible for (Catholic and Protestant) to
work together, and a series about a 19th century ex-Catholic
priest that includes proof that it was the Jesuits who killed Lincoln and
explains why.Also included are
the original comic books of 1980s notoriety, the Alberto series.This series of six comics revels in all the familiar charges (i.e.
Catholicism cannot save, no one can leave the Jesuits alive,
infiltration of Protestant organizations, the Vatican is
using its occult force to deceive millions, and how the papacy fulfills
Bible prophecies of the Antichrist."Other targets of Chick include Islam, Freemasonry, and Judaism, which is
portrayed in one comic (Wheres Rabbi Waxman) as incomplete and inadequate
unless belief in Jesus is acknowledged.This immense site demonstrates
exactly how the old-style extremism can be easily updated and made even more
accessible by the new technology.
Many other categories of anti-Catholic extremism can be found on the
Internet, such as anti-Jesuit
and anti-Marian.But for reasons of space the last category that I will discuss here can
best be described as the merging of religious and socio-political extremism.For some people, religious and current events are coming together in an
apocalyptic vein.The United States and
the world are trembling at the verge of disaster, all brought on by Satanic
forces.Elaine Pagels description
of Christians in this world (who) still struggle against evil in ways that
they experience as demonic attack
is particularly apt.The Pacific
Institute warns, Can you see it coming?America will
soon lose its Constitution already we can see the beginning of these sad
events in the Waco
massacre, where the U.S.
government slaughtered helpless and defenseless women and children with a battle
When the New Order
is institutes, freedom will be gone from the earth Our book tells the
heartbreaking story of the death of America as it
is described in Bible prophecy.How this New World Order is being implemented already is described by
another site, where, under the heading of New World Order News, a news story
about the successful experimental implantation of a computer chip into the arm
of a scientist, thus enabling him to be computer tracked, draws the following
comments: In days to come (maybe
not so far away) a world crisis will meant that every dissident to the New
World Order must either be imprisoned or tracked to return to a world ruled
by Antichrist, complete with chip, would mean being FORCED (their emphasis) to
partake in his adoration and submit to his rule.This it represents a denial of the Lord.The Bible Believers Web site, which originates in Australia, based(in their own words) in a tiny congregation headed by Brother
Anthony Grigor-Scott, a non-denominational minister, uses the power of
cyberspace to send their message worldwide.They also see the NWO (New World Order) coming.Satans servants have been working on the NWO conspiring for six
thousand years one short article will show how close these people are to
realizing their planned NWO this private global police state [that] will
mean your enslavement.
Who is behind this plot?The answer
varies somewhat.In one spot, we can
read that The Roman Catholic Church and WCC (World Council of Churches) and
Protestants headed by Incarnate Pope + Satan incarnate,
in another, it returns to the Rothschilds, the famous Jewish banking family.
Grigor-Scotts antisemitism and Identity influence is further spelled
out in his on-line article, The Blasphemy of them which say they are Jews,
and are not.There he writes,
The Land of Israel has been settled by apostate Jews, most of whom are NOT
descended from Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (and) a measure of serpent seed Israel was
settled for material gain by the communists and international bankers, who by
devious means, control the United
States and most, if not all, other
government.Very soon they will
control the world through the NWO headed up by the Pope through the UN
This amalgamation of antisemitism and anti-Catholicism is not unique.Another example can be found at the homepage of Michael Hoffmans
Campaign for Radical Truth in History.This
site, which is one of the most virulently antisemitic on the Internet, contains
an article entitled, John Paul II: The Judas Iscariot of our TimeThe Pope is accused of preaching a false gospel, of negating and
betraying scared scripture, of fraud, of hurling anthemas at the
pre-eminent Judas Iscariot of the late 20th Century.Why is the pontiff thus excorciated?Because he is in obeisance to the Talmudic Pharisees of today the
direct spiritual heirs of the assassins of Jesus Christ.He is completely smitten with the Jewish world leadership, He
caters to and pimps for themMore
specifically, Hoffman is reacting to the Vatican statement of November 2, 1997, that
Christians who yield to anti-Judaism offend God and the Church itself.According to Hoffman, by discarding the traditional Christian (view),
John Paul II has virtually admitted, by his actions and pronouncements, that the
Pharisees were right to crucify Christ. Hoffmans antisemitism forces him
to lock himself into such a rigid traditionalism that ultimately he ends up
cursing and condemning the Church along with the Jews.
While our survey of religiously motivated antisemitic and Anti-Catholic
sites has been drawn from either fundamentalist Protestant or racist (Identity, WorldChurch of
the Creator) sources, mention must also be made of the Nation of Islams site.There, in the most recent online edition of the Final Call (the official
newspaper of the Nation of Islam) we can find, for example, a published
interview with Louis Farrakhan where Farrakhan defends his antisemitic and
questioned about past remarks such as his 1994 statement that: Catholicism
has been by white people, for white people, to subject black people to a white
kind of theology that strips is of ourselves or Khallid Muhammads (former
chief spokesman of the N.O.I.) infamous description of the Pope as the old
no-good Pope you know that cracker, somebody needs to raise that dress up
and see whats really under there,Farrakhan would only say while we were bring burned at the stake and
hung on trees and castrated and dehumanized, the Catholic Church did not speak
on our behalf yet the Church is the bastion of love, but all of this hate is
coming toward us out of the Church.
The same tone is evident in the remarks about Jews.When questioned about an essay that appears on the Nation of Islam
Website that said: Jews control American society and government, all
presidents since Franklin Roosevelt in 1932 are controlled by Jews, all
Farrakhan would say is that For the small number of Jewish people in the United
States, they exercise a tremendous amount
of influence on the affairs of the government.Faced with his line Who controls Black art sports figures
intellectuals politicians?When I
talk to the Jews, Im talking to a segment of that quorum that holds my people
in their grip, Farrakhan responded: And that is true.What controls the NAACP? The Urban League? Black Politicians?
his important essay, Some Themes of Counter-Subversion: An analysis of
Anti-Masonic, Anti-Catholic, and Anti-Mormon Literature, David Brion Davis
describes the way that these subversive groups were seen as an inverted
image of American society, at least in its nativist idealized form.Davis
description rings just as true today.Once
again the familiar targets of extremists are under attack.But today, it is not only the image of the group or the societythat is inverted.The
image of cyberspace is also inverted.For,
not only does there exist, as its proponents enthuse, a Digital American
that is an immense opportunity in freedom of speech and democracy;
it must also be recognized that there is a communication medium that can
ultimately reach an audience of any size
and is potentially impossible to stop, 
and this medium contains over a thousand sites that can best be described as
The late Jewish theologian Abraham Joshua Heschel in his classic essay
No Religion is an Island, wrote that in our age
anti-Semitism is Anti-Christianity and that Anti-Christianity is
anti-Semitism.Heschel meant that all of us Jew, Christian, Moslem, Buddhist or other
(including atheist and agnostic) are all part of Gods design for the
redemption of all.But unless we all recognize the dangers and responsibilities, along with
the benefits, posed by the new technology, we are all at risk together in a
world where the serpent of extremism, the fruit of the new technology and human
nature once again threaten to set back our hope of progressing toward
John M. Oesterreicher, The Rediscovery of Judaism, N.J., 1971.
David Flusser, in his Introduction to his volume of collected essays,
Judaism and the Origins of Christianity,
, 1988, p. xii.
Gavin Langmuir, Tradition, History and Prejudice, in Langmuir,
Toward a Definition of Antisemitism,
, 1996, p. 46.
Abraham Cooper in the Introduction to the New Lexicon of Hate: The
Changing Tactics, Language and Symbols of Americas Extremists (A Simon Wiesenthal Center Report, Los Angeles, 1997)
See, for example, Brian M. Werst, A Survey of the First Amendment
Indecency Legal Doctrine and Its Inapplicability to Internet
regulation: A Guide or Protecting Children from Internet Indecency after Reno v. ACLU, Gonzaga Law Review, Vol. 33, nu, 1,1997-1998, p. 208.
Mike Godwin, Cyber Rights,
Governments of the industrial world you claim that there are
problems among us that you need to solve Many of these problems dont
exist from Electronic Frontier Foundations head, JohnPerry Barlows Cyberspace Independence Declaration, quoted
in Credence Fogo-Schensul, More than A River in Egypt: Holocaust Denial, the Internet, and International Freedom of Expression
Norms, Gonzaga Law Review, vol. 33, nu. 1, 1997-1998, p. 272.See now also Godwins recent book, Cyber Rights.
Mark Weitzman, Harnessed to Hate: Theology and Technology as Tools
of Extremism, an unpublished paper delivered at the 27th
Annual Scholars Conference on the Holocaust and the Churches, March 1998,
p.1.Much of the following
analysis is taken from that paper.
Freemens Theological Agenda, Washington Post,
April 9, 1996
. 1996.;For similar descriptions see, for example, Freemen Theology
Raises Risk of Violent End to Stand-off, Daily Iowan, April 3,Freemen Leader a Man with a Mission, Chicago Tribune,
April 15, 1996.; and A Radical Religion Motivates Montana
Freemen, Seattle Times, April 3, 1996).
Richard V. Pierards article The Contribution of British-Israelism
to Antisemitism Within Conservative Protestantism in the volume Holocaust
and Church Struggle-Studies in the Shoah XVI, (Lanham, 1996)
edited by Hubert, Locke and Marcia Littell, pp. 45-68, while containing an
excellent short summary of Identitys origin and theology, also does not
address how Identitys message is delivered.David H. Bennetts history of right-wing activity in
, The Party of Fear, (New York, 1995) in its second (1995) edition,
does refer to Identitys success in effectively using the information
highway to carry its message across the Internet, (p. 441) but does not
go into any detail.The
documents collected by Lyman Tower Sarget, Extremism in America, (New
York, 1995) all come from print, not electronic sources.Kenneth Sterns A Force Upon the Plain (New York, 1996),
which is the best recent overview of extremism, does make mention of
Internet use, including a good analysis of the basic issue of extremism on
the Internet (pp. 226-231), but almost all of his references are to militia
use (see however, p. 45 where Stern uses some of Pastor Pete Peters
postings on the Internet to introduce a short summary of Identity).
Jeffrey Burton Russell, in his book Satan in Early Antiquity, (
, 1991) p. 82 describes Irenaeus as viewing Satan as entering the Garden
) and either taking the form of the serpent of using the serpent.He bases this on Irenaeus 3:23;4 pref. 5.22-23.Earlier he notes that , In Dial. 103 Justin (Martyr) offered the
false etymology that the word Satan derived from the Hebrew sta
apostate and nas, serpent, p. 66, n. 29).Actually the Hebrew for serpent is nachash, but (Leslie W.)
Barnard (Justin Martyr, p. 108) observes that Justin as a Samaritan might
have pronounced the word nas.The
etymology is also found in Irenaeus, but if the Samaritan explanation is
correct it follows that he derived the idea from Justin. The Gnostics
also had a similar conception of the role played by the serpent.Hans Jonas in his book, The Gnostic Religion (
1963), described the serpents action (as) the beginning of gnosis on
earth, which thus by its very origin is stamped as opposed to the world and
its God, and indeed as a form of rebellion.Jonas, in his description of Manichaean mythology also points out
that the creation of Eve had a special purpose.She is more thoroughly subject to the demons, thus becoming their
instrument against Adam . . . a seduction not only to carnal lust, but
through it to reproduction, the most formidable device in Satans
A. Hitler, Mein Kampf, (
, 1971) p. 305
Aryan Nation homepage. The battle between children of Light and
Darkness reflects a common theme in ancient religion, with perhaps the
most famous example being found in the Dead Sea Scrolls, where the War
Rule calls for battle against the Sons of Darkness. David Flusser
in his The Dead Sea and Pre-Pauline Christianity in the volume of his
collected essays, Judaism and the Origins of Christianity [ pp. 23-74
(esp. pp. 25-28), Jerusalem 1988], compares the usage of the terms in the
scrolls with its use in early Christian literature and concludes that the
sect (Qumran) deems itself to be identical with the righteous of humanity
and calls itself the Sons of Light.The same appellation is also used for Christians by Paul (Eph 5:8, I
Thess. 5.5) and John (12:36) and although the corresponding sectarian
term sons of Darkness for the wicked is not found in the N(ew) T(estament),
the idea which underlies it ... is expressed clearly enough. James C.
Vanderkam also agrees that This language is hardly strange to readers of
the New Testament.Similar
rhetoric appears in the writings of both Paul (2. Cor.
) and John (
, John uses the light/dark contrast, not in its literal, but in an ethical
, so in John the realms of light and darkness are in conflict.The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness does not
overcome it (John 1:5, see also John 3:19-20, John 12:35-36,I John 1:6, 2:9-10).Vanderkam
concludes, Thus the followers of Jesus, like the
covenantors, styled themselves the sons of light. And, we can now
add Christian Identity to the list of Biblical based sectarian movements
that see themselves engaged in a conflict for the final redemption.Vanderkam, The
Scrolls and Christianity,p.
200 in H. Shanks (ed.) The Dead Sea Scrolls (
Geza Vermes, The Dead Sea Scrolls in English(
1995), p. 123.
See Michael Barkun, Religion and the Radical Right, (Chapel
Hill, 1994) esp. p. 191for a more detailed description of current Identity
seedline theory, while Richard V. Pierard, The Contribution of British-Israelism
to Antisemitism Within Conservative Protestantism, (op. cit.) pp. 60-62
offers a concise version propagated in the 1950s by Bertrand L. Comparet,
an early Identity preacher.The
seedline theory is not universally accepted by all Identity adherents.For a strongly worded online Identity dissent from the seedline
theory, see Eve: Did She or Didnt She? The Seedline Hypothesis under
Creativity was originally founded by Ben Klassen, often identified as
the inventor of the electric can-opener.Klassen committed suicide in 1993.Bennett, Party of Fear, p. 439 briefly notes some connections
between Creativity and Identity.
of the Creator Homepage, http://www.creator.org.
True Terrorists, article from The Creativity Newsletter, posted on
W.C.O.T.C. site above.
These are not the only such extremist sites around.I hope to explore this phenomenon shortly.
Hales WorldChurch of
the Creator also has the Protocols, along with Adolf Hitlers Mein Kampf
 See Weitzman, Harnessed to Hate.
 For more on this particular subject, see Mark Weitzman, The
Devil Can Cite Scripture, pp. 6-14, esp. pp. 12-13.There
I identified Be Wise As Serpents only as an Identity site, an identification
that was shared by Don Blacks Stormfront (the oldest and largest online
White Nationalist Resource Page, http://www.stormfront.org/default.htm)
and omitted referring to Be Wise as Serpents political Patriotic affiliation.
On the prevalence of
these themes in the extremist world, see Stern, A Force Upon the Plain, esp. pp. 77,
90-91, 137-154, and the documents in Sargent, Extremism in America, chap. 7 and
Carl Klang, The News
Behind the News, http://www.klang.com/thenews.html.
homepage .Resistance is not the only online seller of this type of music.See also the Nordland site at http://www.1488.com/.The song lyrics are from the collection of the
Simon Wiesenthal Center archives.For
the number of albums sold, see the New Lexicon of Hate, p.18.
On Holocaust Denial in
general, see Deborah Lipstadt, Denying the Holocaust: The Growing Assault on Truth
and Memory, New York 1993.For an analysis
of the historical methodology of Holocaust Denial see my article, The
Blinded Muse: Ethics, Anti-Semitism and the Abuse of History in J.G.
for Today and Tomorrow (Sudbury 1997), pp. 402-410.
E.g. the IHR has
steadfastly opposed bigotry of all kinds, A Few Facts About the Institute
for Historical Review, http://www.ihr.org/leaflets/afewfacts.html.
Bernhard Schaub, Switzerland
in the Grip if the Traditional Enemy, http://www.ihr.org/jhr/vig/vign4p32_Schaub.html.
Again, on the
anti-Talmudic theme see Weitzman, The
Devil Can Cite Scripture, esp. pp. 6-14.
David Brockschmidt, An
Open Letter to the Leaders of World Jewry, http://www.adam.com.au/fredadin/worldjew.html.
Zundelsite Z Gram, Feb. 22, 1998, http://www.webcom.com/%/7Eezundel/english/zgrams/zg1998/zq9802/980222.html.
Zundelsite Z Gram, Feb. 24, 1998.This Z Gram is signed by Ingrid A. Rimland, Zundels associate who
frequently contributes these messages.
 Bennett, The
Party of Fear, p. 2.
Bennett, Ibid., p. 17.
Andrew Greeley, An
Ugly Little Secret: Anti-Catholicism in North America, p. 1,
cited in Barbara Welter, From Maria Monk to Paul Blanshard: A Century of Protestant
Anti-Catholicism, p. 71, p. 58 in Uncivil
Religion: Interreligious Hostility in America (New York
1987),ed. Robert Bellah and
 Mark A. Noll, The Eclipse of Old Hostilities between and the
Potential for New Strife among Catholics and Protestants since Vatican II, pp.
88-89 in Bellah and Greenspahn, Uncivil Religion.
 Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights Web Site.
The Catholic League for
Religious and Civil Rights, above mentioned as the most aggressive group
monitoring Anti-Catholicism, found that out of the 264 incidents reported in
1997, only one was computer related, and that one involved the selling of a
cinnamon bun which resembled Mother Theresa, and was called the Nun Bun,
over the Internet. 1996 was no different, with only two items of cyber
interest listed out of 211 incidents mentioned.
David Brion Davis, Some
Ideological Functions of Prejudice in Ante-BellumAmerica, in D.B. Davis, From Homicide to Slavery: Studies in American Culture, (New York, 1986) p. 156.
 David Brion Davis, Some Themes of Counter Subversion: An Analysis of
Anti-Masonic, Anti-Catholic and Anti-Mormon Literature, p. 148 in D.B.Davis, From Homicide to Slavery: Studies on American
 Bennett, Party
of Fear, p. 44.The
use of such charges is long and varied.For example,Mircea
Eliade, Observations on European Witchcraft, in his Occultism,
Witchcraft and Cultural Fashions (Chicago
1976), pp. 87, while discussing the charges of orgiastic practices
made against witches, notes that similar indictments sexual orgies,
incest, cannibalism were made by the pagans against the Christians while
Christian authors hurled similar charges against pagans, heretics and
others. According to David Brion Davis analysis of the writings of the
late 18th century Scottish philosopher, John Robison, the greatest threat
to Christian civilization lay in the degrading and desexing of women, a
tactic common to both the Catholic Church and the atheistic Illuminati.D.B. Davis, Some Ideological Functions of prejudice in Ante-BellumAmerica, in Davis, From
Homicide to Slavery, p. 159.
 See the recent discussion and analysis of this book in Jenny
to Rome, (Berkeley 1994) especially, pp. 154-161.
 Richard Hofstadter, Free Silver and the Mind of Coin Harvey, p. 246 in his The Paranoid Style in American Politics and Other Essays, (New York 1965).
 Franchot, Roads to Rome, p. 154.
 Bennett, Party
of Fear, p. 43.
 Tom Economus, Catholic Pedophile Priests: The Effect on U.S. Society, found on The Survivors of Clergy Abuse Linkups Homepage.The issue of sexual abuse by some members of the Catholic clergy is
covered on the Web in many ways, including official releases and statements
by the Church and its various arms [cf. The
Catholic Church and Sexual Abuse: A Pastoral Response on the
Catholic Archdiocese of Melbourne (Australia) homepage, or Catholic
Church Releases Statement about Sexual Abuse from the Los Angeles
Times/Washington Past News service, posted at http:/www.conline.org/ctarchives/news/951027/nwcatholic.html].
 For a basic description of an algorithm see Godwin, Cyber
Rights, p. 316 n. 3.
 For a detailed look at one aspect of that process see M. Weitzman, The
Devil Can Cite Scripture.
 Richard Bennett, Testimony of a Former Irish Priest, found on the
Berean Beacon Ministry homepage.Berean,
derived from Acts 17:10-11, is a favorite term of self-description for many
anti-Catholics who embrace the idea of searching the scriptures daily
and who endorse the primacy of the Biblical text over the Churchs
tradition of interpretation. See, for example, the two articles by Dave
Hunt, Being a Berean and More on Being a Berean, found on the
Berean Call homepage at http:/www.cet.com/~voice/tbc/jan94tbc.htm.
 Jesus Christ is the Only Way to God, http:/www.jesus-is-lord.com
 Rebecca A. Sexton, Religious Intolerance,
 Way of life homepage, http:/www.whidbey.net/~dcloud/fbns/fbns121.html.
 Bernard McGinn, Anti-Christ, (San Francisco, 1994) p.
280.The medieval perception of
Antichrist as a Jewish attack on Christianity is explored in Joshua
Devil and the Jews,(New Haven, 1943) p.
32-43. For an example of a medieval Jewish source that did describe the pope
as the Antichrist, see Kenneth Stow, The 1007 Anonymous and Papal Sovereignty (Cincinnati1984), p. 23.
 Ibid., p. 273.
 Ibid., p. 252.
 See for example, Franchot, Roads to Rome, p. 140,
where she described the mother superior of the sacked Ursuline convent in Charleston, Massachusetts as a woman who had attracted an invective conventionally
reserved for the pope as antichrist
 McGinn, in his study above, gives an excellent overview of the idea
of the antichrist and its historical development, including its sometime
identification with the papacy.
 http:/www.pacinst.com/antchri.htm.This is the homepage of the Pacific Institute.
http:/webpages.metrolink.net/~overseer5/catholic.html.This site claims to take Catholic teachings from the book, The
Questions and Answers Catholic Catechism, by Father
John A. Hardon, and to contrast those with Biblical texts, to reach the
conclusion that Every single one of these heresies of the Roman Catholic
Church is a diversion from the truth (John 14:6) and will consequence in
hell if believed and trusted in.According
to the site, they had over 3,800 visitors (hits) between August 17, 1997 and April 15, 1998, when a new
court was begun.
On the history of Satan
see the four volumes of Jeffrey Burton Russell (The Devil, Satan,Lucifer and Mephistopheles, Ithaca 1977).Russell
presents his work as a history of the personification of evil, which for
the sake of clarity I have called the Devil.Russell, The
Devil, p. 12.A
Jungian view of Satan can be found in Rivkah Shärf Kluger, Satan
in the Old Testament (Evanston 1967).See also Elaine
Pagels important book, The Origin of Satan (New York 1995), for a convincing description of how Satan came to be invoked by
many Christians against pagans and heretics.The trading of charges of Satanism amongst Christians has many
described the Pope thusly: In the devils name here sits the holy Pope,
palpable at last; that he is the very antichrist is proclaimed in Holy
Writ cited in Heiko Oberman, The Roots of Anti-Semitism: In the Age of
Renaissance and Reformation, Philadelphia 1984, p. 116, and similarly, p.
129, n. 31 For the papacy is most certainly that true regiment and
tyranny of the Antichrist.On
the other side, Erik Erikson describes the most famous, and in many ways
rightly infamous, detractor of Luthers character, the Dominican Heinrich
Denifle, sub-archivar of the Holy See as being motivated by his
suspicion that Luthers whole career may have been motivated by the
Devil, Erikson, Young
Man Luther: A Study in Psychoanalysis and History (New York 1962), p. 26.
All quotations from Ed
Tarkowski, War of the ages: 600 Year Overview: Satans Plan to Hinder
Gods Plan, http:www.ncinter.net/~ejt/ages4.htm.Tarkowski sees other elements, of current religious thought, such as
the New Age and Promise Keepers movements, also as elements of Satans
.I have kept the language in all the citations as they are found in
I.e. Il Tempo
Malachi Martin, The
Keys of the Blood, p. 632, as cited in the text.
All citations are from
Jay Nelson, The
Devil, You Say?Archbishop,
Former Jesuit Claim Satanists Skulk in Vatican, http://www.thelinkup.com/devil.html.
Eclipse of Old Hostilities between and the Potential for new Strife among
Catholics and Protestants since Vatican II, in Bellah and Greenspahn, Uncivil
Religion: Interreligious Hostility in America, pp. 93-94.
of Fear, p. 346.
Eclipse of Old Hostilities, p. 94
See appendix for a
complete list of these languages
Chick also raises the
issue of Catholic complicity and participation in the Ustashe terror in Yugoslavia.While others,
including the present author (LA Times, July 11, 1998 and Westchester [NY]
Gannett Papers, June 5, 1998), have pointed out the differing, but
nonetheless real, responsibilities born by leaders such as Archbishop
Stepinac, and by Catholic (including clergy) participants in murder, war
crimes and atrocities, the inclusionary labeling of all Yugoslavian
Catholics, and the explicit accusation that pope Pious XII had created a
machine to butcher ever Orthodox church member and their clergy [Chick, Smokescreens, chapter three: A 20th Century
Inquisitions, http://www.chick.com/reading/books/153/153_03.asp] can only be
viewed as either malicious or delusional.
All citations above are
from Jack Chick, Smokescreens, .Chick claims that he received the warning about these planned murders "recently but acknowledges that they originally date to 1949
[when] an ex-Jesuit priest told a Rev. Eubanks in California about them.
is not alone in his use of comic book form for extremist propaganda.See, for example, the series White Willie, put out by the
 All citations from Chicks Web site.
earlier analysis of this alarming trend see my paper, Harnessed
Origin of Satan, p. 182.
portrayal of the U.S. government as an enemy see Weitzman, Harnessed
to Hate, p. 7-8.
New World Order can be defined, as in the words of one militia member, as
the plan to bring people under slavery under United Nations control
[thus the] New World Order, Stern, A Force Upon the Plain, p.87
World Order News, http://www.mcinter.net/~ejt/chip2.htm
The Gospel of the Kingdom, or God Incarnate/Satan Incarnate, http://www.biblebelievers.org.av/bb880418.htm
Conspiracy.Robert Wistrich, Antisemitism (New York, 1991), p. 51, succinctly
describes the obsession (that) anti-Semites of the Right and Left (had)
for generations with the Rothschilds.
Blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, http://www.biblebelievers.org.av/bb940822.htm.
Hoffman, John Paul II, The Judas Iscariot of Our Time.Hoffmans site also contains Holocaust Denial material.For a more detailed examination of Hoffmans antisemitism on-line,
see Weitzman, The Devil Can Cite Scripture.
remarks were contained in his notorious 1994 speech at KeanUniversity in New Jersey.The
resulting outcry forced his dismissal by Farrakhan, but the two have
remained close.This online
edition of The Final Call contained Farrakhan endorsement of Khallids
Labor Day Million Youth March in New York
quotations are from Minister Farrakhan on Meet the Press, .For pioneering analysis of the antisemitic methodology of the Nation
of Islam see Harold Brackman, Farrakhans Reign of Historical Error:
The Truth Behind the Secret Relationship of Blacks and Jews (A Simon
Wiesenthal Center Report) (LA 1992); my article, The Blinded Muse:
Ethics, Anti-Semitism and the Abuse of History (in J.G. Haber, Ethics
for Today and Tomorrow (Sudbury, Mass., 1997) pp. 402-410, compares the
historiography of the Nation of Islam and Holocaust Denial.The op-ed piece by Henry Louis Gates, Jr., in the New York Times
(July 20, 1992) was an important public exposure and condemnation of the
Nation of Islams antisemitism from an African-American perspective.
book is the latest and most comprehensive plea for free speech on the
Internet.However, while he does
discuss the issue of cyberporn and copyright infringement online, he never
notes the existence of extremist hate sites.
No Religion is
an Island, reprinted in Fritz Rothschild, ed., Jewish
Perspectives on Christianity, (NY 1990), p. 322.
would like to thank Dr. Eugene Fisher, of the National Conference of
Catholic Bishops, for his encouragement and advice; and Maria Gaynor, Denise
Schulman and Abbee Corb for all their assistance.