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ARTICLE CONTENTS

[Pages 69-104]
TOP OF ARTICLE

Introduction
I.  Current U.S. Patent Law and Policy
    A.  Requirements for Patentability
        1.  Novelty
        2.  Non-Obviousness
        3.  Utility
    B.  Current U.S. International Patent Policy
        1.  TRIPS
        2.  The Biodiversity Convention
II.  The Ayahuasca Patent
    A.  Issuance of the Patent
    B.  PTO Re-Examination of the Ayahuasca Patent
III.  Suggestions for Reform of U.S. Patent Laws
    A.  Enforcing the Morality Component of the U.S. Patent Act
        1.  Genesis and Rebirth of the Patent Act’s Morality Component
        2.  The Revived Morality Component in Action: Recent Decisions and Legislation
              a.  Human-Animal Chimera
              b.  The European Union’s Use of Morality Determinations to Bar Patents
              c.  Article 27(2) of the TRIPS Agreement
    B.  Foreign Prior Use
        1.  Recognizing Traditional Knowledge as Prior Art Is Consistent with the Mission of U.S. Intellectual Property Law
        2.  The Exclusion of Foreign Prior Use as a Prior Art Is Outdated and Should Be Eliminated from the Patent Act
    C.  Reconciling the TRIPS Agreement with the Biodiversity Convention
Conclusion