[T]he use of the church once it is constructed will affect commerce. [The church] will employ ministers, maintenance personnel, and daycare center workers. [The congregation] will use its church to transmit a televised ministry and hold national religious conferences. Furthermore, the bookstore will have employees and will regularly obtain merchandise for resale. All of these activities affect commerce.
Land use permitting is not an analogous case. In determining whether to issue a zoning permit, municipal authorities do not decide whether to exempt a proposed user from an applicable law, but rather whether the general law applies to the facts before it. In this case, for instance, no users are exempt from the C-1 zoning rules. Rather, certain commercial users may locate in C-1 zones as a matter of right, while non-commercial users, including churches, must seek a permit. Thus, the Church is simply subject to the same permitting rules as all other users.