Journal Contents

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ARTICLE CONTENTS

[Pages 605-640]
TOP OF ARTICLE

Introduction
I.  Urban Sprawl: Definitions and Effects
II.  Massachusetts Environmental Policy
    A.  Wetlands
    B.  Hazardous Waste
    C.  Biodiversity
III.  The Current Massachusetts Zoning Act
Encourages Sprawl

    A.  Section 6 of the Zoning Act and Its Impact on Smart Growth Policies
    B.  Zoning Changes and Pre-existing Nonconforming Structures
    C.  Zoning Changes and Vacant Land
    D.  Zoning Changes and “Approval Not Required” Plans
    E.  Approaches Taken by Localities Within the Existing Statutory Scheme
IV.  Land Use Statutes in Oregon: Progressive
Planning for Growth

V.  Analysis
    A.  Can Urban Sprawl Be Managed Under the Current
Massachusetts Zoning Act?

        1.  The Use of Temporary Development Bans
        2.  The Massachusetts Environmental Policy Act as a Regulatory Tool to Combat Sprawl
    B.  Potential Legal Challenges to the Zoning Act
        1.  A Facial Challenge to Chapter 40A, Section 6
        2.  An As-Applied Challenge to Chapter 40A, Section 6
        3.  The Eight-Year Protection Provision Violates the Home Rule Amendment
        4.  The Eight-Year Zoning Freeze Violates the Public Trust Doctrine
Conclusion