* Attorney General, State of Rhode Island. Attorney General Whitehouse argued Palazzolo v. Rhode Island in the United States Supreme Court.
** Assistant Attorney General, State of Rhode Island. Mr. Rubin was trial counsel and assisted in preparation of the Palazzolo case throughout the course of the litigation. At the Boston College Environmental Affairs Law Review and Environmental Law Society Spring 2002 Symposium on Palazzolo v. Rhode Island, the perspective of state government was represented by Mr. Rubin and Assistant Attorney General for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Edward G. Bohlen, who was also counsel amicus curiae to the case in the United States Supreme Court. For purposes of this issue of the law review, this essay and the piece submitted by Assistant Attorney General Bohlen represent the state perspective on the case.
1 See generally 533 U.S. 606 (2001).
2 Id. at 631–32.
3 Id. at 632.
4 See id.
5 531 U.S. 98 (2000).
6 Palazzolo, 533 U.S. at 618–26.
7 Id. at 630–31.
8 Id. at 631–32.
9 Id. at 626–30.
10 Id. at 619.
11 Id. at 630.
12 Palazzolo, 533 U.S. at 631.
13 Id. at 627.
14 Compare id. at 624–26, with City of Monterey v. Del Monte Dunes at Monterey, Ltd., 526 U.S. 687, 698 (1999), Suitum v. Tahoe Reg’l Planning Agency, 520 U.S. 725, 738 (1997), MacDonald, Sommer & Frates v. County of Yolo, 477 U.S. 340, 342, 351, 353 n.9 (1986), and Williamson County Reg’l Planning Comm’n v. Hamilton Bank of Johnson City, 473 U.S. 172, 182, 186 (1985).
15 See Palazzolo, 533 U.S. at 624–26.
16 Id. at 624–25.
17 Id. at 620.
18 See id. at 620–21.
19 Id. at 625–26.
20 Petitioner’s Brief on the Merits, 2000 WL 1742033, at *9, *38, Palazzolo v. Rhode Island, 533 U.S. 606 (2001) (No. 99-2047) [hereinafter Petitioner’s Brief on the Merits].
21 505 U.S. 1003, 1019 (1992).
22 See Petitioner’s Brief on the Merits, supra note 20, at *36–48.
23 Palazzolo, 533 U.S. at 630.
24 See id. at 631.
25 508 U.S. 602, 644 (1993) (citing Penn Cent. Transp. Co. v. City of New York, 438 U.S. 104, 130–31 (1978)).
26 Palazzolo, 533 U.S. at 627. Contra, e.g., Golf Club of Plantation, Inc. v. City of Plantation, 717 So. 2d 166, 170 (Fla. Dist. Ct. App. 1998); Nat’l Adver. Co. v. Vill. of Downers Grove, 561 N.E.2d 1300, 1309 (Ill. App. Ct. 1990); Adams Outdoor Adver. v. City of East Lansing, 614 N.W.2d 634, 645 (Mich. 2000), reh’g denied, 618 N.W.2d 589 (Mich. 2000) (table decision), cert. denied, 532 U.S. 920 (2001); Claridge v. N.H. Wetlands Bd., 485 A.2d 287, 291 (N.H. 1984).
27 John D. Echeverria, A Preliminary Assessment of Palazzolo v. Rhode Island, 31 Envtl. L. Rep. 11,112, 11,113–14 (2001) (first emphasis added).
28 See Transcript of Oral Argument, 2001 WL 196990, at *43–44, Palazzolo v. Rhode Island (Feb. 26, 2001) (No. 99-2047).
29 Palazzolo v. Coastal Res. Mgmt. Council, C.A. No. 88-0297, 1997 WL 1526546, at *1 (R.I. Super. Ct. Oct. 24, 1997), aff’d on other grounds sub nom. Palazzolo v. State ex rel. Tavares, 746 A.2d 707 (R.I. 2000), aff’d in part, rev’d in part, remanded sub nom. Palazzolo v. Rhode Island, 533 U.S. 606 (2001).
30 Tavares, 746 A.2d at 710.
31 Id. at 709.
32 Id. at 710.
33 See id.
34 Id.
35 Id.
36 Tavares, 746 A.2d at 710.
37 See id. at 710–11.
38 Id.
39 Id. at 710.
40 Id. at 711.
41 See id.
42 Tavares, 746 A.2d at 711.
43 Id.
44 Id.
45 See id.
46 Id.
47 See Palazzolo v. Coastal Res. Mgmt. Council, C.A. No. 88-0297, 1997 WL 1526546, at *5–6 (R.I. Super. Ct. Oct. 24, 1997), aff’d on other grounds sub nom. Palazzolo v. State ex rel. Tavares, 746 A.2d 707 (R.I. 2000), aff’d in part, rev’d in part, remanded sub nom. Palazzolo v. Rhode Island, 533 U.S. 606 (2001).