Journal Contents

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ARTICLE CONTENTS

[Pages 311-342]
TOP OF ARTICLE

Introduction
I.  FOIA Overview
II.  The Public Sector: Exemption Five
    A.  Scope of Protection Under Exemption Five
        1.  Attorney-Client Communications
        2.  Attorney Work Product
        3.  Materials Privileged Under the Ordinary Rules of Civil Discovery
              a.  Privileges in General
              b.  Researcher’s Privilege
        4.  Predecisional Deliberative Memoranda Protected Under the Deliberative Process Privilege
              a.  Factual Material Is Subject to Disclosure, but Matters of Agency Policy May Be Withheld
              b.  “Reasonably Segregable” Factual Material Is Subject to Disclosure, but Facts Which Are “Inextricably Intertwined” with Policy May Be Withheld
              c.  Materials That Are Both Predecisional and Deliberative May Be Withheld from Disclosure
                            i.  An Agency Record Must Be “Predecisional” in Order to Qualify for Protection Under the Deliberative Process Privilege
                            ii.  An Agency Record Must Be “Deliberative” in Order to Qualify for Protection Under the Deliberative Process Privilege
    B.  Current Judicial Trend
III.  The Private Sector:  Unfair Competition, Trade Secrets, Relevance, and Privilege
    A.  Unfair Competition by Misappropriation
    B.  Trade Secrets
        1.  Proper Subject Matter
        2.  Acquisition of Information by Improper Means
        3.  Implementation of Reasonable Precautions
    C.  Relevance
    D.  Privilege
IV.  Analysis:  Advantages of Private Scientists over
Public Scientists

Conclusion