Journal Contents

Student Publications Homepage


[Pages 143-228]

I.  Environmental Protection and Environmental Justice
    A.  Race, Equity, and the Environment
    B.  The Obstacles to Environmental Justice
        1.  The Failure of the Existing Law for Environmental Justice
        2.  The Meaning of Environmental Justice
    C.  EPA’s Title VI Guidance
II.  EPA’s Title VI Guidance and the Tensions Between the
Regulatory Premises of Environmental Law and Civil
Rights Law: The Form of Environmental Justice

    A.  The Primary Beneficiary of Regulation: Protecting Minorities and the Larger Collective
        1.  Protecting the Larger Collective from Environmentally Harmful Individual Actions
        2.  Protecting Racial Minorities from Discrimination and Exclusion by the Majority
        3.  The Title VI Draft Revised Guidance’s Reliance on Majoritarian Administrative Agency Processes to Protect Racial Minorities
        4.  The Role of States in EPA’s Title VI Draft Revised Guidance
    B.  The Role of Quantifiable and Intangible Values in Regulation
        1.  Incommensurables in Civil Rights Law
        2.  Scientific and Economic Analysis in Environmental Regulation
        3.  The Failing of Technical Approaches for Environmental Justice
    C.  The Limits of Regulation
        1.  The Reach of Environmental Law and Civil Rights Law
        2.  The Limited Reach of EPA’s Title VI Draft Revised Guidance
III.  Finding Common Ground: The Substance of
Environmental Justice

    A.  The Rationality of Environmental Degradation and
Discriminatory Behavior

        1.  The Market Failure Basis of Environmental Degradation
        2.  The Conventional Understanding of Discrimination as Irrational Behavior
        3.  The Rationality of Discriminatory Behavior
    B.  The Substantive Failing of EPA’s Title VI Regulatory Approach
IV.  Re-evaluating the Role of Title VI and Environmental Justice in Environmental Regulation
    A.  Incorporating Civil Rights into Environmental Regulation: Assessing EPA’s Institutional Competence
    B.  Taking Minority Protection Seriously in Administrative Proceedings: The Place of Administrative Adjudicative Processes
    C.  The Scope of Regulatory Discretion Under Title VI and Environmental Statutes: Following the Path of NEPA