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ARTICLE CONTENTS

[Pages 459-496]
TOP OF ARTICLE

Introduction
I.  A New Cause of Action: Natural Resource Damages
    A.  The Three Economies
    B.  CERCLA, OPA, and CWA
    C.  The Trustees’ Responsibilities
    D.  Trustees Have Conflicting Interests
    II.  Roots of NRD Provisions: Common Law Trust and the Public Trust Doctrine
    A.  Common Law Trust
    B.  Public Trust Doctrine
III.  The Indian Trust Doctrine: An Example of Government as Trustee
IV.  Past and Current NRD Litigation
    A.  Courts Afford Great Deference to NRD Trustees
        1.  Cases Establish Deference to Trustees
        2.  NRD Trustees in Practice
    B.  In re Acushnet River & New Bedford Harbor
V.  Courts Should Find That NRD Trustees Have a Fiduciary Duty
    A.  Difficulty in Identifying What Would Constitute a Breach of Fiduciary Duty: Inherent Ambiguities in the NRD Trustee System
    B.  Indian Trust Law Sheds Light
Conclusion