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ARTICLE CONTENTS

[Pages 567-630]
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Introduction
I.  Background
    A.  Agriculture in the EC
    B.  Nitrogen in EC Agriculture
        1.  Nitrogen as a Nutrient
        2.  Nitrogen Application in EC Agriculture
        3.  Effects of Nitrates
              a.  Health
              b.  Environment
II.  EC Regulatory Focus on Nitrates
    A.  Environmental Law-Making
    B.  Nitrates in the Environmental Action Programs
III.  The Nitrates Directive
    A.  Contents
    B.  Effect of the Directive
    C.  Implementation of the Nitrates Directive
        1.  Member State Reports
        2.  Commission Evaluation
        3.  Litigation against Member States
IV.  Voluntary Programs to Control Nitrates in England
    A.  Statutory Framework
    B.  The Pilot Nitrate Sensitive Areas Scheme
        1.  The Pilot Scheme
        2.  Nitrate Advisory Areas
        3.  Impact of the Pilot Scheme
    C.  Nitrate Sensitive Areas
        1.  Obligation under NSA Contracts
        2.  The Impact of NSAs
V.  The Nitrates Directive in England
    A.  Designation of Nitrate Vulnerable Zones
    B.  Farm Waste Grants
    C.  The Action Program
    D.  The Water Code—Code of Good Agricultural Practice
    E.  MAFF Information for Farmers
VI.  Nitrates Litigation: The Standley Decision
    A.  Standard for NVZ Identification
    B.  Validity of the Directive
Conclusion