M.A. in History, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, 2013
A.B. in History and Political Science, Guilford College, Greensboro, NC, 2011
Studies the interplay between state and non-state violence, especially in the countryside, focusing primarily in Nineteenth Century United Kingdom and Europe. Examines the uses and misuses of violence during state formation and democratization. Deeply interested in the history of terrorism and maintains a sub-field in modern Irish history.