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A STUDY OF NEW ENGLAND SEISMICITY


Quarterly Earthquake Report



October - December 1998



New England

Seismic Network

Weston Observatory

381 Concord Road

Weston, MA 02493
Earth Resources Lab

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

42 Carleton Street

Cambridge, MA 02142





NEW ENGLAND SEISMIC NETWORK

John E. Ebel, Principal Investigator

Weston Observatory

Dept. of Geology and Geophysics

Boston College

381 Concord Road

Weston, MA 02493

Email: ebel@bcvms.bc.edu

Award # 1434-HQ-98-AG-01943
M. Nafi Toksöz, Principal Investigator

Earth Resources Lab

Dept. of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

42 Carleton Street

Cambridge, MA 02142

Email: nafi@erl.mit.edu

Award # 1434-HQ-98-AG-01926

Prepared by Charles Doll, Jr.

Email: doll@erl.mit.edu

and Susan O'Connor

Email: dannolfo@bcvms.bc.edu

March 2000

for

United States Geological Survey

905 National Center

12201 Sunrise Valley Drive

Reston, Virginia 20192

Notice


Network operation supported by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Department of the Interior, under USGS award number 1434-HQ-98-AG-01943 and award number 1434-HQ-98-AG-01926. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Government.

Quarterly Earthquake Report

October - December 1998

Table of Contents

Introduction

The New England Seismic Network (NESN) is operated collaboratively by the Weston Observatory (WES) of Boston College and the Earth Resources Lab (ERL) of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The mission of the NESN is to operate and maintain a regional seismic network with digital recording of seismic ground motions for the following purposes: 1) to determine the location and magnitude of earthquakes in and adjacent to New England and report felt events to public safety agencies, 2) to define the crust and upper mantle structure of the northeastern United States, 3) to derive the source parameters of New England earthquakes, and 4) to estimate the seismic hazard in the area.

This report summarizes the work of the NESN for the period October - December 1998. It includes a brief summary of the network's equipment and operation, and a short discussion of data management procedures. A list of participating personnel is given in Table 1. There were 3 earthquakes that occurred within or near the network during this reporting period. Phase information for these earthquakes is included in this report.

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Current Network Operation and Status

The New England Seismic Network currently consists of 11 broadband three-component, 4 short-period vertical, and 8 strong-motion stations. The coordinates of the stations are given in Table 2, and maps of the weak- and strong-motion networks are shown in Figures 1 and 2, respectively.

WES operates 11 stations with broadband instruments consisting of Guralp CMG-40T three-component sensors. Ground motions recorded by these sensors are digitized at 100 sps with 16-bit resolution. Additional gain-ranging provides 126 dB dynamic range. These stations are operated in dialup mode with waveform segments of suspected events transmitted in digital mode to Weston Observatory for analysis and archiving. WES is continuing to upgrade its recording stations with 4 more broadband instruments scheduled for installation in 1999. WES also maintains 8 SMA-1 strong-motion instruments in New England.

ERL at MIT currently operates 4 short-period stations, all located within 100 km of Boston. The short- period instruments have 1.0 Hz L4C vertical seismometers. Data recorded by these seismometers is transmitted continuously in analog mode to ERL and digitized (12-bit) into a PC at 50 sps. Personnel at ERL are in the process of installing a new three-component, high dynamic range instrument at Station WFM. The instrument has a CMG-40T sensor and transmits 3-channel, 24-bit data at 100 sps continuously to a central processor (Pentium PC) at ERL. Waveform windows of suspected events are extracted from the data stream, analyzed and archived. WES and ERL record some stations in analog format on helicorders to provide additional data for analysis.

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Seismicity

There were 3 earthquakes that occurred in or adjacent to the NESN during this reporting period. A summary of the location data is given in Table 3. Figure 3 shows the locations of these events. Figure 4 shows the locations of all events since the beginning of network operation in October, 1975.

Table 4 gives the station phase data and detailed hypocenter data for each event listed in Table 3. In addition to NESN data, arrival time and magnitude data sometimes are contributed for seismic stations operated by the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC), the Lamont-Doherty Cooperative Seismographic Network., and the US National Seismic Network. Final locations for this section were computed using the program HYPO78. For regional events (those too far from the NESN to obtain accurate locations and magnitudes) phase data are given for NESN stations, but the entry in Table 3 lists the hypocenter and geographic location information adopted from the authoritative network. Accordingly, the epicenter is plotted on the maps using the entry from Table 3.

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Data Management

Recent event locations are available via FTP at: SEISMOEAGLE.BC.EDU. Waveform data are saved in Nanometrics, ASCII, and SEED formats and are available via SEISMOEAGLE.BC.EDU or through personal contact. Earthquake lists can be fingered at QUAKE@SEISMOEAGLE.BC.EDU. Weston Observatory maintains two web pages with information about local earthquakes: "http://www.bc.edu:80/bc_org/avp/cas/wesobs/" and "http://seismoeagle.bc.edu/". The latter page is still under contruction. Currently available on the seismoeagle web page is the full catalog of northeastern earthquake activity to 1991. This will be updated as new Northeastern U.S. Seismic Network Bulletins are produced.

The entire MIT/ERL earthquake database can be accessed through the World Wide Web using the address "http://www-erl.mit.edu/NESN/homepage.html". For extraction of waveforms (recorded by the MIT stations of the NESN through March 1995) and hypocenter data, use our database search engine. Link to "Seismic Event Server at MIT ERL (SESAME)" and then click on "Interactive query form" under the heading "Custom Materials". Alternatively, the more recent local earthquake data, recorded by the MIT stations, may be accessed by logging in to our anonymous FTP directory ("ftp sunda.mit.edu"). To be added to the list of users permitted to access this FTP directory, contact Charles Doll. The waveform files are in SAC format at both sites. Waveforms are downloaded as a Unix-compressed tar volume from our web-site and as individual, Unix-compressed, station files from our FTP site.

For more information on matters discussed in this report or general earthquake information (reports, maps, catalogs, etc.) consult our web-sites www-erl.mit.edu/NESN and www.bc.edu:80/bc_org/avp/cas/wesobs/ or contact:


Charles Doll

MIT Earth Resources Lab

42 Carleton Street

Cambridge, MA 02142



Voice: 617-253-7863 / FAX: 617-253-6385 / Email: doll@erl.mit.edu



Prof. John Ebel

Weston Observatory

381 Concord Road

Weston, MA 02493



Voice: 617-552-8319 / FAX: 617-552-8388 / Email: ebel@bcvms.bc.edu

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Explanation of Tables

Table 1: List of personnel operating the NESN

Table 2: List of Seismic and Strong Motion Stations

  1. Code = station name
  2. Lat = station latitude, degrees north
  3. Long = station longitude, degrees west
  4. Elev = station elevation in meters
  5. Location = geographic location
  6. Operator = network operator

Table 3: Earthquake Hypocenter List

  1. Date = date event occurred, Yr (year)/Mo (month)/Dy (day)
  2. Time = origin time of event, Hr (hour):Mn (minute):Sec (second)

    in UCT (Universal Coordinated Time, same as Greenwich Mean Time)
  3. Lat = event location, latitude north in degrees
  4. Long = event location, longitude west in degrees
  5. Depth = event depth in kilometers
  6. Mag = event magnitude
  7. Int = event epicentral intensity
  8. Location = event geographic location

Table 4: Earthquake detailed hypocenter and phase data list

Table Header: detailed hypocenter data

  1. Geographic location
  2. DATE = date event occurred, yr/mo/dy (year/month/day)
  3. ORIGIN = event origin time (UCT) in hours, minutes, and seconds
  4. LAT N = latitude north in degrees and minutes
  5. LONG W = longitude west in degrees and minutes
  6. DEPTH = event depth in kilometers
  7. MN = Nuttli Lg phase magnitude with amplitude divided by period
  8. MC = signal duration (coda) magnitude
    WES: 2.23 Log(FMP) + 0.12Log(Dist) - 2.36 (Rosario, 1979)
    MIT: 2.21 Log(FMP) - 1.7 (Chaplin et al., 1980)
  9. ML = local magnitude
    WES: calculated from Wood-Anderson seismograms (Ebel, 1982)
    GSC (Geological Survey of Canada): Richter Lg magnitude
  10. GAP = largest azimuthal separation, in degrees, between stations
  11. RMS = root mean square error of travel time residual in seconds
  12. ERH = standard error of epicenter in kilometers
  13. ERZ = standard error of event depth in kilometers
  14. Q = solution quality of hypocenter
    A = excellent
    B = good
    C = fair
    D = poor

Table Body: earthquake phase data

  1. STN = station name
  2. DIST = epicentral distance in kilometers
  3. AZM = azimuthal angle in degrees measured clockwise between true north and vector pointing from epicenter to station
  4. Description of onset of phase arrival
    I = impulsive
    E = emergent
  5. R = phase
    P = first P arrival
    S = first S arrival
  6. M = first motion direction of phase arrival
    U = up or compression
    D = down or dilatation
  7. K = weight of arrival
    0 = full weight (1.0)
    1 = 0.75 weight
    2 = 0.50 weight
    3 = 0.25 weight
    4 = no weight (0.0)
  8. HRMN = hour and minute of phase arrival
  9. SEC = second of phase arrival
  10. TCAL = calculated travel time of phase in seconds
  11. RES = travel time residual (error) of phase arrival
  12. WT = weight of phase used in hypocentral solution
  13. AMX = peak-to-peak ground motion, in millimicrons, of the maximum envelope amplitude of vertical-component signal, corrected for system response
  14. PRX = period in seconds of the signal from which amplitude was measured
  15. XMAG = Nuttli magnitude recorded at station
  16. FMP = signal duration (coda), in seconds, measured from first P arrival
  17. FMAG = coda magnitude recorded at station

Table 5: Microearthquakes and other non-locatable events

  1. Date = date event occurred, Yr (year)/Mo (month)/Dy (day)
  2. Sta = nearest station recording event
  3. Arrival Time = phase arrival time, Hr (hour):Mn (minute):Sec (second)

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TABLE 1



 

WESTON OBSERVATORY PERSONNEL

Name Network Position voice phone email address
John E. Ebel Principal Investigator 617-552-8319 ebel@bcvms.bc.edu
Alan Kafka Research Seismologist 617-552-8300 kafka@bcvms.bc.edu
Susan O'Connor Seismic Analyst 617-552-8337 dannolfo@bcvms.bc.edu
Edward Johnson Project Engineer 617-552-8332 johnson@bcvms.bc.edu
Patricia Tassia Administrative Secretary 617-552-8311 tassia@bcvms.bc.edu
W. Richard Ott, S.J. Assistant to the Director 617-552-8335 ottwi@mail1.bc.edu
Weston Observatory
617-552-8300

617-552-8388 (FAX)


 

MIT/ERL PERSONNEL

Name

Network Position voice phone email address
M. Nafi Toksöz Principal Investigator 617-253-7852 nafi@erl.mit.edu
Charles Doll Research Seismologist 617-253-7863 doll@erl.mit.edu
Charles Doll Seismic Analyst 617-253-6290 doll@erl.mit.edu
Sara Brydges Administrator 617-253-7797 sara@erl.mit.edu
Earth Resources Lab
617-253-8027

617-253-6385 (FAX)




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TABLE 2



 

SEISMIC STATIONS OF THE NEW ENGLAND SEISMIC NETWORK

Code Lat Long Elev (m) Location Operator
BCX 42.3350 -71.1705 61.0 Chestnut Hill, MA WES
BRY 41.9178 -71.5388 380.0 Smithfield, RI WES
DNH 43.1225 -70.8948 24.0 Durham, NH MIT
DXB 42.0610 -70.6992 8.0 Duxbury, MA MIT
GLO 42.6403 -70.7272 15.2 Gloucester, MA MIT
HNH 43.7050 -72.2860 180.0 Hanover, NH WES
MIM 45.2436 -69.0403 140.0 Milo, ME WES
NH1 43.5473 -71.5743 402.0 Sanbornton, NH WES
QUA2 42.2789 -72.3525 168.0 Belchertown, MA WES
TRY 42.7311 -73.6669 131.0 Troy, NY WES
VT1 44.3317 -72.7536 410.0 Waterbury, VT WES
WES 42.3850 -71.3220 60.0 Weston, MA WES
WFM 42.6106 -71.4906 87.5 Westford, MA MIT
WVL 44.5648 -69.6575 85.0 Waterville, ME WES
YLE 41.3100 -72.9269 9.14 New Haven, CT WES
 

STRONG MOTION STATIONS OF THE NEW ENGLAND SEISMIC NETWORK

Code Lat Long Location Operator
SM1 44.90 -67.25 Dennysville, ME WES
SM2 44.49 -73.10 Essex Junction, VT WES
SM3 41.45 -71.33 Newport, RI WES
SM4 42.38 -71.32 Weston, MA WES
SM5 42.66 -71.30 Lowell, MA WES
SM6 42.30 -71.34 Natick, MA WES
SM7 42.39 -71.54 Hudson, MA WES
SM8 44.48 -69.61 North Vassalboro, ME WES


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TABLE 3



 

EARTHQUAKE HYPOCENTER LIST

NEW ENGLAND AND ADJACENT REGIONS

October- December 1998

Date

Yr/Mo/Dy
Time

Hr:Mn:Sec
Lat Long Depth

(km)
Mag Int Location
1998/11/04 12:37:26.73 42.4981 -70.3948 7.98 1.6 MA, 29 km SE of GLOUCESTER (offsh ore)
1998/11/24 15:07:41.01 42.5828 -73.9976 13.04 2.5 NY, 18 km SSW of ALBANY
1998/12/25 13:30:25.04 43.7785 -77.8268 2.28 3.3 ON, Lake Ontario


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TABLE 4

EARTHQUAKE PHASE DATA LIST
NEW ENGLAND AND ADJACENT REGIONS
October- December 1998

 SOUTH & COASTAL NEW ENGLAND, CHIBURIS, 1979
 98NOV04 MA, 29 KM SE OF GLOUCESTER (OFFSHORE)
  DATE     ORIGIN    LAT N    LONG W   DEPTH   MN  MC  ML GAP   RMS  ERH  ERZ Q
 981104 1237 26.73 42-29.89  70-23.69   7.98      1.6     238  0.34  2.5  2.4 C
  STN  DIST AZM  RMK HRMN   SEC   TOBS   TCAL   RES   WT AMX PRX XMAG FMP FMAG
  GLO  31.5 300 IP 0 1237 32.08   5.35   5.42 -0.07 1.82               49  1.7
                 S 0 1237 36.32   9.59   9.64 -0.05 1.82
  DXB  54.7 207 EP 0 1237 35.84   9.11   9.18 -0.07 1.74               34  1.5
                 S 3 1237 41.26  14.53  16.34 -1.81 0.03
  WES  77.4 261 EP 2 1237 40.34  13.61  12.90  0.70 0.77
                ES 2 1237 50.08  23.35  22.97  0.37 0.82
  DNH  80.5 329 EP 3 1237 41.46  14.73  13.42  1.31 0.18               32  1.6
                 S 3 1237 49.92  23.19  23.89 -0.70 0.39
  WFM  90.8 278 EP 1 1237 41.62  14.89  15.00 -0.12 1.21
                 S 1 1237 53.22  26.49  26.70 -0.22 1.21
 SOUTH & COASTAL NEW ENGLAND, CHIBURIS, 1979
 98NOV24 NY, 18 KM SSW OF ALBANY
  DATE     ORIGIN    LAT N    LONG W   DEPTH   MN  MC  ML GAP   RMS  ERH  ERZ Q
 981124 15 7 41.01 42-34.97  73-59.86  13.04  2.5 2.7     298  0.37  5.1  3.6 D
  STN  DIST AZM  RMK HRMN   SEC   TOBS   TCAL   RES   WT AMX PRX XMAG FMP FMAG
 QUA2 139.6 104 IP 1 15 8  2.81  21.80  22.08 -0.31 1.38 138 .22  2.6 126  2.7
                 S 0 15 8 20.44  39.43  39.30  0.08 1.86
  HNH 187.0  48 IPD0 15 8  9.88  28.87  28.35  0.48 1.63  62 .16  2.5 112  2.7
                 S 3 15 8 31.15  50.14  50.47 -0.38 0.40
  WFM 205.8  89  P 0 15 8 11.80  30.79  30.67  0.11 1.56
                 S 1 15 8 35.50  54.49  54.59 -0.12 1.17
  BRY 215.8 110  S 1 15 8 38.18  57.17  56.79  0.38 1.13
  WES 221.0  96 IPD2 15 8 12.84  31.83  32.55 -0.73 0.67  28 .20  2.2  85  2.5
                 S 1 15 8 38.83  57.82  57.94 -0.14 1.12
  NH1 224.5  61 IPD3 15 8 15.54  34.53  32.98  1.55 0.11  80 .18  2.7 138  2.9
                 S 3 15 8 41.55  60.54  58.70  1.83 0.02
  GLO 268.5  89  P 4 15 8 23.70  42.69  38.41  4.28 0.00
                 S 1 15 8 49.00  67.99  68.37 -0.38 0.94
 NORTHWEST MAINE CRUSTAL STRUCTURE
 98DEC25 ON, LAKE ONTARIO
  DATE     ORIGIN    LAT N    LONG W   DEPTH   MN  MC  ML GAP   RMS  ERH  ERZ Q
 981225 1330 25.04 43-46.71  77-49.61   2.28  3.3         257  0.14  3.3  3.4 C
  STN  DIST AZM  RMK HRMN   SEC   TOBS   TCAL   RES   WT AMX PRX XMAG FMP FMAG
  WBO 244.5  56  P 0 1331  2.12  37.08  36.95  0.13 1.62
  OTT 245.6  43  P 0 1331  2.24  37.20  37.09  0.11 1.62
  EEO 332.9 343  P 1 1331 12.88  47.84  47.86 -0.02 1.00
                 S 1 1331 50.27  85.23  85.19  0.04 1.00
  MIV 346.8  85  P 2 1331 14.54  49.50  49.58 -0.08 0.65
  GRQ 350.2  26  P 1 1331 14.78  49.74  50.01 -0.27 0.93
  PNY 360.5  71  P 1 1331 16.51  51.47  51.28  0.16 0.94
  MDV 374.1  86  P 2 1331 17.94  52.90  52.95 -0.07 0.60
  TRQ 374.6  44  P 0 1331 18.10  53.06  53.01  0.05 1.20
  MNT 384.9  60  P 1 1331 19.12  54.08  54.28 -0.20 0.87
  VT1 410.9  81  P 4 1331 26.16  61.12  57.49  3.61 0.00
                 S 4 1331 82.48 117.44 102.33 15.07 0.00
  MOQ 474.9  69  P 3 1331 32.42  67.38  65.39  1.85 0.00
  NH1 504.7  93  P 4 1331 61.19  96.15  69.08 27.08 0.00  88 .28  3.3
  DPQ 511.3  51  P 1 1331 34.71  69.67  69.89 -0.22 0.56
  WES 551.8 106  S 4 1332 53.94 148.90 133.29 15.59 0.00
  WVL 657.6  83  S 4 1332 90.79 185.75 156.56 29.17 0.00

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TABLE 5



 

MICROEARTHQUAKES AND OTHER NON-LOCATABLE EVENTS

Date

Yr/Mo/Dy
Sta Arrival Time

Hr:Mn:Sec
None recorded this quarter



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NESN Station Map

Figure 1: Map of stations of the New England Seismic Network (NESN) in operation during period October - December, 1998. Also included are the US National Seismic Network stations operating in New England during this period.

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NESN Strong-Motion Station Map

Figure 2: Map of strong-motion stations of the New England Seismic Network (NESN) in operation during period October - December, 1998.

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NESN Quarterly Seismicity Map

Figure 3: Earthquake epicenters located by the NESN during period October - December, 1998.

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NESN Cumulative Seismicity Map

Figure 4: Seismicity for period October, 1975 - December, 1998.

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Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP) of MIT for its support to the network. Our map database has been developed in-house using ARCINFO and in part basemap data provided by ESRI, Inc. (Arcdata Online), USGS GTOPO30 Elevation Data, and TIGER/Line '94, '95, and '97 (US Census Bureau) spatial data.

References

Chaplin, M.P., Taylor, S.R., and Toksöz, M.N. (1980), A coda length magnitude scale for New England, Earthquake Notes, 51, 15-22.

Ebel, J.E. (1982), ML measurements for northeastern United States earthquakes, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 72, 1367-1378.

Rosario, M. (1979), A coda duration magnitude scale for the New England Seismic Network, Master's Thesis, Boston College, 82 pp.

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