Skip to main content

Secondary navigation:



 

A STUDY OF NEW ENGLAND SEISMICITY


Quarterly Earthquake Report



April - June 1998



New England

Seismic Network

     

Weston Observatory

381 Concord Road

Weston, MA 02493
Earth Resources Lab

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

42 Carleton Street

Cambridge, MA 02142





NEW ENGLAND SEISMIC NETWORK

John E. Ebel, Principal Investigator

Weston Observatory

Dept. of Geology and Geophysics

Boston College

381 Concord Road

Weston, MA 02493

Email: ebel@bcvms.bc.edu

Award # 1434-HQ-98-AG-01943
M. Nafi Toksöz, Principal Investigator

Earth Resources Lab

Dept. of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

42 Carleton Street

Cambridge, MA 02142

Email: nafi@erl.mit.edu

Award # 1434-HQ-98-AG-01926

Prepared by Charles Doll, Jr.

Email: doll@erl.mit.edu

and Susan O'Connor

Email: dannolfo@bcvms.bc.edu

October 1999

for

United States Geological Survey

905 National Center

12201 Sunrise Valley Drive

Reston, Virginia 20192

Notice


Network operation supported by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Department of the Interior, under USGS award number 1434-HQ-98-AG-01943 and award number 1434-HQ-98-AG-01926. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Government.

Quarterly Earthquake Report

April - June 1998


     

Table of Contents

Introduction

The New England Seismic Network (NESN) is operated collaboratively by the Weston Observatory (WES) of Boston College and the Earth Resources Lab (ERL) of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The mission of the NESN is to operate and maintain a regional seismic network with digital recording of seismic ground motions for the following purposes: 1) to determine the location and magnitude of earthquakes in and adjacent to New England and report felt events to public safety agencies, 2) to define the crust and upper mantle structure of the northeastern United States, 3) to derive the source parameters of New England earthquakes, and 4) to estimate the seismic hazard in the area.

This report summarizes the work of the NESN for the period April - June 1998. It includes a brief summary of the network's equipment and operation, and a short discussion of data management procedures. A list of participating personnel is given in Table 1. There were 3 earthquakes that occurred within or near the network during this reporting period. Phase information for these earthquakes is included in this report.

Return to Table of Contents

Current Network Operation and Status

The New England Seismic Network currently consists of 11 broadband three-component, 4 short-period vertical, and 8 strong-motion stations. The coordinates of the stations are given in Table 2, and maps of the weak- and strong-motion networks are shown in Figures 1 and 2, respectively.

WES operates 11 stations with broadband instruments consisting of Guralp CMG-40T three-component sensors. Ground motions recorded by these sensors are digitized at 100 sps with 16-bit resolution. Additional gain-ranging provides 126 dB dynamic range. These stations are operated in dialup mode with waveform segments of suspected events transmitted in digital mode to Weston Observatory for analysis and archiving. WES is continuing to upgrade its recording stations with 4 more broadband instruments scheduled for installation in 1999. WES also maintains 8 SMA-1 strong-motion instruments in New England.

ERL at MIT currently operates 4 short-period stations, all located within 100 km of Boston. The short- period instruments have 1.0 Hz L4C vertical seismometers. Data recorded by these seismometers is transmitted continuously in analog mode to ERL and digitized (12-bit) into a PC at 50 sps. Personnel at ERL are in the process of installing a new three-component, high dynamic range instrument at Station WFM. The instrument has a CMG-40T sensor and transmits 3-channel, 24-bit data at 100 sps continuously to a central processor (Pentium PC) at ERL. Waveform windows of suspected events are extracted from the data stream, analyzed and archived. WES and ERL record some stations in analog format on helicorders to provide additional data for analysis.

Return to Table of Contents

Seismicity

There were 3 earthquakes that occurred in or adjacent to the NESN during this reporting period. A summary of the location data is given in Table 3. Figure 3 shows the locations of these events. Figure 4 shows the locations of all events since the beginning of network operation in October, 1975.

Table 4 gives the station phase data and detailed hypocenter data for each event listed in Table 3. In addition to NESN data, arrival time and magnitude data sometimes are contributed for seismic stations operated by the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC), the Lamont-Doherty Cooperative Seismographic Network., and the US National Seismic Network. Final locations for this section were computed using the program HYPO78. For regional events (those too far from the NESN to obtain accurate locations and magnitudes) phase data are given for NESN stations, but the header lists the hypocenter and geographic location information adopted from the authoritative network.

Return to Table of Contents

Data Management

Recent event locations are available via FTP at: SEISMOEAGLE.BC.EDU. Waveform data are saved in Nanometrics, ASCII, and SEED formats and are available via SEISMOEAGLE.BC.EDU or through personal contact. Earthquake lists can be fingered at QUAKE@SEISMOEAGLE.BC.EDU. Weston Observatory maintains two web pages with information about local earthquakes: "http://www.bc.edu:80/bc_org/avp/cas/wesobs/" and "http://seismoeagle.bc.edu/". The latter page is still under contruction. Currently available on the seismoeagle web page is the full catalog of northeastern earthquake activity to 1991. This will be updated as new Northeastern U.S. Seismic Network Bulletins are produced.

The entire MIT/ERL earthquake database can be accessed through the World Wide Web using the address "http://www-erl.mit.edu/NESN/homepage.html". For extraction of waveforms (recorded by the MIT stations of the NESN through March 1995) and hypocenter data, use our database search engine. Link to "Seismic Event Server at MIT ERL (SESAME)" and then click on "Interactive query form" under the heading "Custom Materials". Alternatively, the more recent local earthquake data, recorded by the MIT stations, may be accessed by logging in to our anonymous FTP directory ("ftp sunda.mit.edu"). To be added to the list of users permitted to access this FTP directory, contact Charles Doll. The waveform files are in SAC format at both sites. Waveforms are downloaded as a Unix-compressed tar volume from our web-site and as individual, Unix-compressed, station files from our FTP site.

For more information on matters discussed in this report or general earthquake information (reports, maps, catalogs, etc.) consult our web-sites www-erl.mit.edu/NESN and www.bc.edu:80/bc_org/avp/cas/wesobs/ or contact:


Charles Doll

MIT Earth Resources Lab

42 Carleton Street

Cambridge, MA 02142



Voice: 617-253-7863 / FAX: 617-253-6385 / Email: doll@erl.mit.edu



Prof. John Ebel

Weston Observatory

381 Concord Road

Weston, MA 02493



Voice: 617-552-8319 / FAX: 617-552-8388 / Email: ebel@bcvms.bc.edu

Return to Table of Contents



Explanation of Tables

Table 1: List of personnel operating the NESN

Table 2: List of Seismic and Strong Motion Stations

  1. Code = station name
  2. Lat = station latitude, degrees north
  3. Long = station longitude, degrees west
  4. Elev = station elevation in meters
  5. Location = geographic location
  6. Operator = network operator

Table 3: Earthquake Hypocenter List

  1. Date = date event occurred, Yr (year)/Mo (month)/Dy (day)
  2. Time = origin time of event, Hr (hour):Mn (minute):Sec (second)

    in UCT (Universal Coordinated Time, same as Greenwich Mean Time)
  3. Lat = event location, latitude north in degrees
  4. Long = event location, longitude west in degrees
  5. Depth = event depth in kilometers
  6. Mag = event magnitude
  7. Int = event epicentral intensity
  8. Location = event geographic location

Table 4: Earthquake detailed hypocenter and phase data list

Table Header: detailed hypocenter data

  1. Geographic location
  2. DATE = date event occurred, yr/mo/dy (year/month/day)
  3. ORIGIN = event origin time (UCT) in hours, minutes, and seconds
  4. LAT N = latitude north in degrees and minutes
  5. LONG W = longitude west in degrees and minutes
  6. DEPTH = event depth in kilometers
  7. MN = Nuttli Lg phase magnitude with amplitude divided by period
  8. MC = signal duration (coda) magnitude
    WES: 2.23 Log(FMP) + 0.12Log(Dist) - 2.36 (Rosario, 1979)
    MIT: 2.21 Log(FMP) - 1.7 (Chaplin et al., 1980)
  9. ML = local magnitude
    WES: calculated from Wood-Anderson seismograms (Ebel, 1982)
    GSC (Geological Survey of Canada): Richter Lg magnitude
  10. GAP = largest azimuthal separation, in degrees, between stations
  11. RMS = root mean square error of travel time residual in seconds
  12. ERH = standard error of epicenter in kilometers
  13. ERZ = standard error of event depth in kilometers
  14. Q = solution quality of hypocenter
    A = excellent
    B = good
    C = fair
    D = poor

Table Body: earthquake phase data

  1. STN = station name
  2. DIST = epicentral distance in kilometers
  3. AZM = azimuthal angle in degrees measured clockwise between true north and vector pointing from epicenter to station
  4. Description of onset of phase arrival
    I = impulsive
    E = emergent
  5. R = phase
    P = first P arrival
    S = first S arrival
  6. M = first motion direction of phase arrival
    U = up or compression
    D = down or dilatation
  7. K = weight of arrival
    0 = full weight (1.0)
    1 = 0.75 weight
    2 = 0.50 weight
    3 = 0.25 weight
    4 = no weight (0.0)
  8. HRMN = hour and minute of phase arrival
  9. SEC = second of phase arrival
  10. TCAL = calculated travel time of phase in seconds
  11. RES = travel time residual (error) of phase arrival
  12. WT = weight of phase used in hypocentral solution
  13. AMX = peak-to-peak ground motion, in millimicrons, of the maximum envelope amplitude of vertical-component signal, corrected for system response
  14. PRX = period in seconds of the signal from which amplitude was measured
  15. XMAG = Nuttli magnitude recorded at station
  16. FMP = signal duration (coda), in seconds, measured from first P arrival
  17. FMAG = coda magnitude recorded at station

Table 5: Microearthquakes and other non-locatable events

  1. Date = date event occurred, Yr (year)/Mo (month)/Dy (day)
  2. Sta = nearest station recording event
  3. Arrival Time = phase arrival time, Hr (hour):Mn (minute):Sec (second)

Return to Table of Contents

TABLE 1



  

WESTON OBSERVATORY PERSONNEL

Name Network Position voice phone email address
John E. Ebel Principal Investigator 617-552-8319 ebel@bcvms.bc.edu
Alan Kafka Research Seismologist 617-552-8300 kafka@bcvms.bc.edu
Susan O'Connor Seismic Analyst 617-552-8337 dannolfo@bcvms.bc.edu
Edward Johnson Project Engineer 617-552-8332 johnson@bcvms.bc.edu
Patricia Tassia Administrative Secretary 617-552-8311 tassia@bcvms.bc.edu
W. Richard Ott, S.J. Assistant to the Director 617-552-8335 ottwi@mail1.bc.edu
Weston Observatory
617-552-8300

617-552-8388 (FAX)


  

MIT/ERL PERSONNEL

Name

Network Position voice phone email address
M. Nafi Toksöz Principal Investigator 617-253-7852 nafi@erl.mit.edu
Charles Doll Research Seismologist 617-253-7863 doll@erl.mit.edu
Charles Doll Seismic Analyst 617-253-6290 doll@erl.mit.edu
Sara Brydges Administrator 617-253-7797 sara@erl.mit.edu
Earth Resources Lab
617-253-8027

617-253-6385 (FAX)




Return to Table of Contents



TABLE 2



  

SEISMIC STATIONS OF THE NEW ENGLAND SEISMIC NETWORK

Code Lat Long Elev (m) Location Operator
BCX 42.3350 -71.1705 61.0 Chestnut Hill, MA WES
BRY 41.9178 -71.5388 380.0 Smithfield, RI WES
DNH 43.1225 -70.8948 24.0 Durham, NH MIT
DXB 42.0610 -70.6992 8.0 Duxbury, MA MIT
GLO 42.6403 -70.7272 15.2 Gloucester, MA MIT
HNH 43.7050 -72.2860 180.0 Hanover, NH WES
MIM 45.2436 -69.0403 140.0 Milo, ME WES
NH1 43.5473 -71.5743 402.0 Sanbornton, NH WES
QUA2 42.2789 -72.3525 168.0 Belchertown, MA WES
TRY 42.7311 -73.6669 131.0 Troy, NY WES
VT1 44.3317 -72.7536 410.0 Waterbury, VT WES
WES 42.3850 -71.3220 60.0 Weston, MA WES
WFM 42.6106 -71.4906 87.5 Westford, MA MIT
WVL 44.5648 -69.6575 85.0 Waterville, ME WES
YLE 41.3100 -72.9269 914.0 New Haven, CT WES
  

STRONG MOTION STATIONS OF THE NEW ENGLAND SEISMIC NETWORK

Code Lat Long Location Operator
SM1 44.90 -67.25 Dennysville, ME WES
SM2 44.49 -73.10 Essex Junction, VT WES
SM3 41.45 -71.33 Newport, RI WES
SM4 42.38 -71.32 Weston, MA WES
SM5 42.66 -71.30 Lowell, MA WES
SM6 42.30 -71.34 Natick, MA WES
SM7 42.39 -71.54 Hudson, MA WES
SM8 44.48 -69.61 North Vassalboro, ME WES


Return to Table of Contents



TABLE 3



  

EARTHQUAKE HYPOCENTER LIST

NEW ENGLAND AND ADJACENT REGIONS

April - June 1998

Date

Yr/Mo/Dy
Time

Hr:Mn:Sec
Lat Long Depth

(km)
Mag Int Location
1998/04/18 16:22:52.05 45.574 -74.904 5.00 3.4
Ontario, Eastern
1998/06/07 11:52:06.67 46.690 -69.004 6.02 1.9*
Me, 75 km W of Presque Isle
1998/06/09 08:53:52.12 44.809 -73.683 0.92 2.9
NY, SW of Plattsburgh


Return to Table of Contents


TABLE 4


EARTHQUAKE PHASE DATA LIST
NEW ENGLAND AND ADJACENT REGIONS
April - June 1998


  NORTHWEST MAINE CRUSTAL STRUCTURE                 
  ONT, EASTERN                                        
  
  DATE     ORIGIN    LAT N    LONG W   DEPTH   MN  MC  ML GAP   RMS  ERH  ERZ Q  
  980418 1622 52.05 45-34.43  74-54.23  5.00   3.4 3.5     116  0.44  2.3 5.2 C    
  
STN  DIST AZM  RMK HRMN   SEC   TOBS   TCAL   RES   WT AMX PRX XMAG FMP FMAG  
MSNY  64.0 177 IPC1 1622 63.11  11.06  10.49  0.55 1.29                  
               S 0 1622 70.80  18.75  18.68  0.05 1.79  
PTN 111.5 183  EP 0 1622  70.16  18.11  18.02  0.05 1.69                  
               S 1 1622 83.28  31.23  32.08 -0.92 1.07   
PNY 134.1 128  EPD0 1622 73.59  21.54  21.62 -0.11 1.63                  
               S 1 1622 90.11  38.06  38.48 -0.48 1.20  
FLET 180.4 122 EPD0 1622 81.12  29.07  28.74  0.33 1.51  
HBVT 197.9 133 EPD01622 83.24  31.19  30.89  0.24 1.49   
MIV 199.0 147  EPD0 1622 83.24  31.19  31.03  0.16 1.49   
MOQ 209.5  98  P 2 1623 25.55  33.50  32.32  1.03 0.53   
EEO 343.5 290  P 2 1623 39.54  47.49  48.87 -1.39 0.21   
DAQ 385.7  46  P 0 1623 46.24  54.19  54.08 - 0.05 1.06   
LMQ 413.8  58  P 0 1623 49.30  57.25  57.54 -0.37 0.99                  
               S 4 1623 97.77 105.72 102.43  3.16 0.00   
DNH 420.2 130  P 4 1623 63.40  71.35  58.33 13.01 0.00  230  3.5   
WFM 427.9 140  EP 4 1623 57.50  65.45  59.29  6.14 0.00  259  3.6   
A61 437.7  57  P 0 1623 52.48  60.43  60.49 -0.08 0.94                  
               S 4 1623 96.51 104.46 107.68 -3.24 0.00   
WES 456.2 141  EPC4 1623 65.71  73.66  62.78 10.86 0.00 177 .43  3.4   0  3.4   
A64 458.0  57  P 4 1623 50.0157.96  63.00 -5.07 0.00   
A21 464.4  59  P 1 1623 56.38  64.33  63.80  0.53 0.64   
CNQ 661.5  51  P 2 1623 78.87  86.82  88.13 -1.34 0.09   
ICQ 723.5  53  P 0 1623 87.38  95.33  95.78 -0.46 0.28   
LMN 787.1  88  P 1 1623 95.02102.97 103.63 -0.67 0.10

NORTHWEST MAINE CRUSTAL STRUCTURE                 
98JUN07 ME, 75 KM W OF PRESQUE ISLE                 
DATE     ORIGIN    LAT N    LONG W   DEPTH   MN  MC  ML GAP   RMS  ERH  ERZ Q  
980607 1152  6.67 46-41.37  69- 0.21   6.02  1.9*        104  0.13  3.0 6.3 C   
STN  DIST AZM  RMK HRMN   SEC   TOBS   TCAL   RES   WT AMX PRX XMAG FMP FMAG   
MIM 160.7 181 EPC1 1152 32.61  25.94  25.82  0.10 1.20                  
               S 0 1152 52.55  45.88  45.95 -0.11 1.60   
DPQ 288.6 270  P 0 1152 48.75  42.08  41.99  0.09 1.08   
CNQ 298.7  13  P 1 1152 49.74  43.07  43.23 -0.19 0.73                  
               S 4 1152 79.64  72.97  76.94 -4.02 0.00   
LMN 336.5 106  P 2 1152 54.80  48.13  47.90  0.23 0.39                  
               S 4 1152 90.27  83.60  85.26 -1.66 0.00   
ICQ 340.3  22  S 4 1152 96.44  89.77  86.09  3.66 0.00   
TRQ 429.3 263  S 4 1152 60.87  54.20 105.66-51.46 0.00   

NORTHERN NY AND ADIRONDACKS                       
98JUN09 NY, SW OF PLATSBURGH                        
DATE     ORIGIN    LAT N    LONGW   DEPTH   MN  MC  ML GAP RMS  ERH  ERZ Q  
980609  853 52.12 44-48.53  73-40.99   0.92  2.9 3.0     210  0.79  3.3  3.4 D    

STN  DIST AZM  RMK HRMN   SEC   TOBS   TCAL   RES   WT AMX PRX XMAG FMP FMAG   
VT1  90.9 126  EPC0  854  6.84  14.72  14.21  0.48 2.87 647 .12  3.1 125 2.7                  
                S 2  854 16.40  24.28  25.30 -1.06 1.38   
HNH 165.8 138  IPC2  854 17.20  25.08  25.56 -0.51 1.26                  
                S 3  854 35.97  43.85  45.49 -1.70 0.54   
NH1 219.2 130  EPC0  854 25.57  33.45  33.28  0.17 2.31                 
               ES 0 854 51.87  59.75  59.23  0.52 2.31  
TRY 230.9 180  IPC1  854 26.35  34.23  34.71 -0.49 1.68 155 .22  3.0 180  3.1                 
               IS 3  854 52.52  60.40  61.79 -1.39 0.52   
DNH 291.8 130  EP 1  854 33.80  41.68  42.23 -0.55 1.48 154  3.0
               S 0  854 67.60  75.48  75.17  0.31 2.00  
QUA2 301.0 159 EPC2  854 34.38  42.26  43.37 -1.15 0.94                
			   ES 2  854 71.47  79.35  77.20  2.09 0.71   
WFM 301.5 144  EP 3  854 33.97  41.85  43.43 -1.60 0.43 139  3.0
               S 4  854 80.36  88.24  77.31 10.91 0.00   
WES 330.0 145  EPD2  854 38.50  46.38  46.95 -0.58 0.91  38 .23  2.6 150  3.1                  
               S 4  854 80.12  88.00  83.57  4.41 0.00  
BCX 341.7 144 EPD4  854 47.00  54.88 48.39  6.49 0.00
               S 3  854 81.72  89.60  86.13  3.47 0.01   
BRY 365.1 152 EPD0  854 43.53  51.41  51.29  0.12 1.68                  
               S 1  854 83.39  91.27  91.29 -0.03 1.26   
MIM 369.3  82 IPD1  854 43.48  51.36  51.80 -0.46 1.24        
               S 4  854 92.22 100.10 92.20  7.86 0.00   
A11 382.2  45  S 3  854 84.78  92.66  95.04 -2.40 0.17   
A54 388.0  41  P 0  854 46.44  54.32  54.12  0.14 1.58                  
               S 0  854 88.44  96.32  96.33 -0.12 1.58   
DXB 389.4 142 EP 4  854 55.80  63.68 54.28  9.39 0.00
               S 2  854 91.30  99.18  96.62  2.55 0.34   
LMQ 399.8  40  P 1  854 48.27  56.15  55.57  0.51 1.14                  
		       S 3  854 89.00  96.88  98.91 -2.16 0.24   
A16 409.9  44  P 1  854 49.47  57.35  56.82  0.53 1.11   
               S 3  854 91.20 99.08 101.13 -2.06 0.25   
A61 423.6  41  P 2  854 51.72  59.60  58.50  1.09 0.69                  
               S 0  854 96.34 104.22 104.13  0.07 1.42   
A64 444.9  41  P 0  854 53.53  61.41  61.13  0.26 1.33   
A21 445.2  44  P 2  854 54.92 62.80  61.17  1.63 0.59
CNQ 656.4  40  P 0  854 79.33  87.21  87.24 -0.07 0.41   
GSQ 677.6  48  P 1  854 82.71  90.59  89.86  0.71 0.23   
LMN 705.9  81  P 0  854 85.40  93.28  93.36 -0.08 0.19   
ICQ 714.5  43  P 0  854 86.79  94.67  94.42  0.24 0.15
MNQ 735.3  30  P 0  854 88.98  96.86  96.99 -0.13 0.06

Return to Table of Contents



TABLE 5



  

MICROEARTHQUAKES AND OTHER NON-LOCATABLE EVENTS

Date

Yr/Mo/Dy
Sta Arrival Time

Hr:Mn:Sec
None recorded this quarter



Return to Table of Contents

NESN Station Map

Figure 1: Map of stations of the New England Seismic Network (NESN) in operation during period April - June, 1998. Also included are the US National Seismic Network stations operating in New England during this period.

Return to Table of Contents

NESN Strong-Motion Station Map

Figure 2: Map of strong-motion stations of the New England Seismic Network (NESN) in operation during period April - June, 1998.

Return to Table of Contents

NESN Quarterly Seismicity Map

Figure 3: Earthquake epicenters located by the NESN during period April - June, 1998.

Return to Table of Contents

NESN Cumulative Seismicity Map

Figure 4: Seismicity for period October, 1975 - June, 1998.

Return to Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP) of MIT for its support to the network. Our map database has been developed in-house using ARCINFO and in part basemap data provided by ESRI, Inc. (Arcdata Online), USGS GTOPO30 Elevation Data, and TIGER/Line '94 and '97 (US Census Bureau) spatial data.

References

Chaplin, M.P., Taylor, S.R., and Toksöz, M.N. (1980), A coda length magnitude scale for New England, Earthquake Notes, 51, 15-22.

Ebel, J.E. (1982), ML measurements for northeastern United States earthquakes, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 72, 1367-1378.

Rosario, M. (1979), A coda duration magnitude scale for the New England Seismic Network, Master's Thesis, Boston College, 82 pp.

Return to Table of Contents