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A STUDY OF NEW ENGLAND SEISMICITY

Quarterly Earthquake Report

April - June, 2001



New England
Seismic Network

        

Weston Observatory
381 Concord Road
Weston, MA 02493
Earth Resources Lab
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
42 Carleton Street
Cambridge, MA 02142



NEW ENGLAND SEISMIC NETWORK

John E. Ebel, Principal Investigator
Weston Observatory
Dept. of Geology and Geophysics
Boston College
381 Concord Road
Weston, MA 02493
Email: ebel@bc.edu
Award # 1434-HQ-98-AG-01943
M. Nafi Toksöz, Principal Investigator
Earth Resources Lab
Dept. of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
42 Carleton Street
Cambridge, MA 02142
Email: toksoz@mit.edu
Award # 1434-HQ-98-AG-01926

Prepared by Susan O'Connor
Email: dannolfo@bc.edu
December, 2001

for
United States Geological Survey
905 National Center
12201 Sunrise Valley Drive
Reston, Virginia 20192

Notice


Network operation supported by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Department of the Interior, under USGS award number 1434-HQ-98-AG-01943 and award number 1434-HQ-98-AG-01926. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of the U.S. Government.

Quarterly Earthquake Report
April - June, 2001


         

Table of Contents

Introduction

The New England Seismic Network (NESN) is operated collaboratively by the Weston Observatory (WES) of Boston College and the Earth Resources Lab (ERL) of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The mission of the NESN is to operate and maintain a regional seismic network with digital recording of seismic ground motions for the following purposes: 1) to determine the location and magnitude of earthquakes in and adjacent to New England and report felt events to public safety agencies, 2) to define the crust and upper mantle structure of the northeastern United States, 3) to derive the source parameters of New England earthquakes, and 4) to estimate the seismic hazard in the area.

This report summarizes the work of the NESN for the period April - June, 2001. It includes a brief summary of the network's equipment and operation, and a short discussion of data management procedures. A list of participating personnel is given in Table 1. There were 3 earthquakes that occurred within or near the network during this reporting period. Phase information for these earthquakes is included in this report.

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Current Network Operation and Status

The New England Seismic Network currently consists of 14 broadband three-component, 4 short-period vertical, and 8 strong-motion stations. The coordinates of the stations are given in Table 2, and maps of the weak- and strong-motion networks are shown in Figures 1 and 2, respectively.

WES now operates 13 stations with broadband instruments consisting of Guralp CMG-40T three-component sensors. Ground motions recorded by these sensors are digitized at 100 sps with 16-bit resolution. Additional gain-ranging provides 126 dB dynamic range. These stations are operated in dialup mode with waveform segments of suspected events transmitted in digital mode to Weston Observatory for analysis and archiving. During the year 2001, two new seismic stations were added to the WES network. Station UMM was placed in northeastern Maine and station FFD was placed in central New Hampshire. Station MIM, in central Maine was dismantled. WES also maintains 8 SMA-1 strong-motion instruments in New England.

ERL at MIT currently operates 4 short-period stations, all located within 100 km of Boston. The short- period instruments have 1.0 Hz L4C vertical seismometers. Data recorded by these seismometers is transmitted continuously in analog mode to ERL and digitized (12-bit) into a PC at 50 sps. A data acquisition program on the PC triggers on events detected in the short-period data streams and saves them to a disk for manual analysis. Station WFM also has a new three-component, high dynamic range instrument. The instrument has a CMG-40T sensor and transmits 3-channel, 24-bit data at 100 sps continuously to a central processor (Pentium PC) at ERL. Waveform windows of suspected events are extracted from the data stream, analyzed and archived with the short-period data. WES and ERL record some stations in analog format on helicorders to provide additional data for analysis.

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Seismicity

There were 3 earthquakes that occurred in or adjacent to the NESN during this reporting period. A summary of the location data is given in Table 3. Figure 3 shows the locations of these events. Figure 4 shows the locations of all events since the beginning of network operation in October, 1975.

Table 4 gives the station phase data and detailed hypocenter data for each event listed in Table 3. In addition to NESN data, arrival time and magnitude data sometimes are contributed for seismic stations operated by the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC), the Lamont-Doherty Cooperative Seismographic Network., and the US National Seismic Network. Final locations for this section were computed using the program HYPO78. For regional events (those too far from the NESN to obtain accurate locations and magnitudes) phase data are given for NESN stations, but the entry in Table 3 lists the hypocenter and geographic location information adopted from the authoritative network. Accordingly, the epicenter is plotted on the maps using the entry from Table 3.

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Data Management

Recent event locations are available via FTP at: SEISMOEAGLE.BC.EDU. Waveform data are saved in Nanometrics, ASCII, and SEED formats and are available via SEISMOEAGLE.BC.EDU or through personal contact. Earthquake lists can be fingered at QUAKE@SEISMOEAGLE.BC.EDU. Weston Observatory maintains two web pages with information about local earthquakes: "http://www.bc.edu:80/bc_org/avp/cas/wesobs/" and "http://seismoeagle.bc.edu/". The latter page is still under contruction. Currently available on the seismoeagle web page is the full catalog of northeastern U.S. earthquake activity to 1992. This will be updated as new Northeastern U.S. Seismic Network Bulletins are produced.

MIT/ERL provides two internet utilities, the MIT/ERL web-site ("www-erl.mit.edu/NESN/homepage.html") and an anonymous FTP directory, to distribute seismic data. SESAME (Seismic Event Server at MIT/ERL) is the web data server that distributes catalogs, reports, earthquake bulletins, and epicenter and station maps (including an archive of recent seismic events). The FTP site, named "sunda.mit.edu", is the current facility available to download waveform data recorded by the MIT NESN. The client machine IP number must be forwarded to us for the client to gain access to the anonymous FTP directory. After logging on, the user changes directories to "pub/seismic". Waveforms of individual events for the period April 1995 through the present are accessed as Unix-compressed SAC files, through the anonymous FTP directory. A "readme" file offers further explanation about the data. Older waveform data in SAC format (1981 - March 1995) will be made available on the FTP site upon request.

For more information on matters discussed in this report or general earthquake information (reports, maps, catalogs, etc.) consult our web-sites www-erl.mit.edu/NESN and www.bc.edu:80/bc_org/avp/cas/wesobs/ or contact:

Robert Cicerone
MIT Earth Resources Lab
42 Carleton Street
Cambridge, MA 02142


Voice: 617-253-7863 / FAX: 617-253-6385 / Email: cicerone@erl.mit.edu


Prof. John Ebel
Weston Observatory
381 Concord Road
Weston, MA 02493


Voice: 617-552-8319 / FAX: 617-552-8388 / Email: ebel@bc.edu

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Explanation of Tables

Table 1: List of personnel operating the NESN

Table 2: List of Seismic and Strong Motion Stations

  1. Code = station name
  2. Lat = station latitude, degrees north
  3. Long = station longitude, degrees west
  4. Elev = station elevation in meters
  5. Location = geographic location
  6. Operator = network operator

Table 3: Earthquake Hypocenter List

  1. Date = date event occurred, Yr (year)/Mo (month)/Dy (day)
  2. Time = origin time of event, Hr (hour):Mn (minute):Sec (second)
    in UCT (Universal Coordinated Time, same as Greenwich Mean Time)
  3. Lat = event location, latitude north in degrees
  4. Long = event location, longitude west in degrees
  5. Depth = event depth in kilometers
  6. Mag = event magnitude
  7. Int = event epicentral intensity
  8. Location = event geographic location

Table 4: Earthquake detailed hypocenter and phase data list

Table Header: detailed hypocenter data

  1. Geographic location
  2. DATE = date event occurred, yr/mo/dy (year/month/day)
  3. ORIGIN = event origin time (UCT) in hours, minutes, and seconds
  4. LAT N = latitude north in degrees and minutes
  5. LONG W = longitude west in degrees and minutes
  6. DEPTH = event depth in kilometers
  7. MN = Nuttli Lg phase magnitude with amplitude divided by period
  8. MC = signal duration (coda) magnitude
    WES: 2.23 Log(FMP) + 0.12Log(Dist) - 2.36 (Rosario, 1979)
    MIT: 2.21 Log(FMP) - 1.7 (Chaplin et al., 1980)
  9. ML = local magnitude
    WES: calculated from Wood-Anderson seismograms (Ebel, 1982)
    GSC (Geological Survey of Canada): Richter Lg magnitude
  10. GAP = largest azimuthal separation, in degrees, between stations
  11. RMS = root mean square error of travel time residual in seconds
  12. ERH = standard error of epicenter in kilometers
  13. ERZ = standard error of event depth in kilometers
  14. Q = solution quality of hypocenter
    A = excellent
    B = good
    C = fair
    D = poor

Table Body: earthquake phase data

  1. STN = station name
  2. DIST = epicentral distance in kilometers
  3. AZM = azimuthal angle in degrees measured clockwise between true north and vector pointing from epicenter to station
  4. Description of onset of phase arrival
    I = impulsive
    E = emergent
  5. R = phase
    P = first P arrival
    S = first S arrival
  6. M = first motion direction of phase arrival
    U = up or compression
    D = down or dilatation
  7. K = weight of arrival
    0 = full weight (1.0)
    1 = 0.75 weight
    2 = 0.50 weight
    3 = 0.25 weight
    4 = no weight (0.0)
  8. HRMN = hour and minute of phase arrival
  9. SEC = second of phase arrival
  10. TCAL = calculated travel time of phase in seconds
  11. RES = travel time residual (error) of phase arrival
  12. WT = weight of phase used in hypocentral solution
  13. AMX = peak-to-peak ground motion, in millimicrons, of the maximum envelope amplitude of vertical-component signal, corrected for system response
  14. PRX = period in seconds of the signal from which amplitude was measured
  15. XMAG = Nuttli magnitude recorded at station
  16. FMP = signal duration (coda), in seconds, measured from first P arrival
  17. FMAG = coda magnitude recorded at station

Table 5: Microearthquakes and other non-locatable events

  1. Date = date event occurred, Yr (year)/Mo (month)/Dy (day)
  2. Sta = nearest station recording event
  3. Arrival Time = phase arrival time, Hr (hour):Mn (minute):Sec (second)

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TABLE 1



         

WESTON OBSERVATORY PERSONNEL

Name Network Position voice phone email address
John E. Ebel Principal Investigator 617-552-8319 ebel@bc.edu
Alan Kafka Research Seismologist 617-552-8300 kafka@bcvms.bc.edu
Susan O'Connor Seismic Analyst 617-552-8337 dannolfo@bc.edu
Edward Johnson Project Engineer 617-552-8332 johnson@bcvms.bc.edu
Patricia Tassia Administrative Secretary 617-552-8311 tassia@bcvms.bc.edu
W. Richard Ott, S.J. Assistant to the Director 617-552-8335 ottwi@mail1.bc.edu
Weston Observatory
617-552-8300
617-552-8388 (FAX)



         

MIT/ERL PERSONNEL

Name

Network Position voice phone email address
M. Nafi Toksöz Principal Investigator 617-253-7852 toksoz@mit.edu
Robert Cicerone Research Seismologist 617-253-7863 cicerone@erl.mit.edu
Heather Hooper Seismic Analyst 617-253-6290
Sara Brydges Administrator 617-253-7797 sara@erl.mit.edu
Earth Resources Lab
617-253-8027
617-253-6385 (FAX)



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TABLE 2



         

SEISMIC STATIONS OF THE NEW ENGLAND SEISMIC NETWORK

Code Lat Long Elev (m) Location Operator
BCX 42.3350 -71.1705 61.0 Chestnut Hill, MA WES
BRY 41.9178 -71.5388 380.0 Smithfield, RI WES
DNH 43.1225 -70.8948 24.0 Durham, NH MIT
DXB 42.0610 -70.6992 8.0 Duxbury, MA MIT
FFD 43.4702 -71.6533 131.0 Franklin Falls Dam, NH WES
GLO 42.6403 -70.7272 15.2 Gloucester, MA MIT
HNH 43.7050 -72.2860 180.0 Hanover, NH WES
NH1 43.5473 -71.5743 402.0 Sanbornton, NH WES
QUA2 42.2789 -72.3525 168.0 Belchertown, MA WES
TRY 42.7311 -73.6669 131.0 Troy, NY WES
UMM 44.7100 -67.4583 35.0 Machias, ME WES
VT1 44.3317 -72.7536 410.0 Waterbury, VT WES
WES 42.3850 -71.3220 60.0 Weston, MA WES
WFM 42.6106 -71.4906 87.5 Westford, MA MIT
WVL 44.5648 -69.6575 85.0 Waterville, ME WES
YLE 41.3100 -72.9269 914.0 New Haven, CT WES
PQI 46.6710 -68.0168 175.0 Presque Isle, ME WES

         

STRONG MOTION STATIONS OF THE NEW ENGLAND SEISMIC NETWORK

Code Lat Long Location Operator
SM1 44.90 -67.25 Dennysville, ME WES
SM2 44.49 -73.10 Essex Junction, VT WES
SM3 41.45 -71.33 Newport, RI WES
SM4 42.38 -71.32 Weston, MA WES
SM5 42.66 -71.30 Lowell, MA WES
SM6 42.30 -71.34 Natick, MA WES
SM7 42.39 -71.54 Hudson, MA WES
SM8 44.48 -69.61 North Vassalboro, ME WES

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TABLE 3



         

EARTHQUAKE HYPOCENTER LIST
NEW ENGLAND AND ADJACENT REGIONS
April - June, 2001

Date
Yr/Mo/Dy
Time
Hr:Mn:Sec
Lat Long Depth
(km)
Mag Int Location
2001/05/10 16:27:11.91 43.6105 -71.7038 14.25 2.1
NH, 3 KM E OF BRISTOL
2001/05/15 11:51:40.98 46.1267 -67.1205 11.17 2.0
NB, 50 KM NW OF FREDRICTON
2001/05/25 11:57:08.13 46.6355 -67.9552 5.00 1.9
ME, APPROX 10 KM ESE OF PRESQUE ISLE
* indicates Mc rather than Mn.

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TABLE 4

EARTHQUAKE PHASE DATA LIST
NEW ENGLAND AND ADJACENT REGIONS
April - June, 2001

 HUGHES AND LUETGERT NH
 01MAY10 NH, 3 KM E OF BRISTOL
  DATE     ORIGIN    LAT N    LONG W   DEPTH   MN  MC  ML GAP   RMS  ERH  ERZ Q
 010515 1627 11.91 43-36.63  71-42.23  14.25  2.1         244  0.15  3.3  4.9 C
  STN  DIST AZM  RMK HRMN   SEC   TOBS   TCAL   RES   WT AMX PRX XMAG FMP FMAG
  HNH  48.1 283 IPD0 1627 20.34   8.43   8.26  0.14 1.48 196 .99  2.1
                 S 1 1627 26.55  14.64  14.71 -0.12 1.12
  WES 139.7 167 EP 0 1627 34.36  22.45  22.46 -0.02 1.22  57 .91  2.0
                 S 0 1627 51.94  40.03  39.98  0.03 1.22
 QUA2 157.1 200 EP 2 1627 36.06  24.15  25.12 -1.01 0.09
                 S 1 1627 56.70  44.79  44.72  0.01 0.88
  WVL 192.5  58 EP 4 1627 46.79  34.88  29.52  5.35 0.00
 SOUTHEAST MAINE CRUSTAL MODEL
 01MAY15 NB, 50 KM NW OF FREDRICTON
  DATE     ORIGIN    LAT N    LONG W   DEPTH   MN  MC  ML GAP   RMS  ERH  ERZ Q
 010515 1151 40.98 46-17.61  67- 7.23  11.17  2.0         113  0.28  1.1  1.6 B
  STN  DIST AZM  RMK HRMN   SEC   TOBS   TCAL   RES   WT AMX PRX XMAG FMP FMAG
  PQI  80.6 301 IPD3 1151 55.99  15.01  13.10  1.89 0.03  43 .13  1.8
                 S 2 1151 64.22  23.24  23.31 -0.12 1.28
  UMM 178.0 189 IPD1 1151 68.28  27.30  27.12  0.17 1.52  44 .18  2.3
                 S 2 1151 89.12  48.14  48.27 -0.15 1.02
  LMN 185.6 105  P 1 1151 68.97  27.99  28.06 -0.06 1.49
                 S 1 1151 90.90  49.92  49.95 -0.02 1.49
  A64 270.7 309  S 0 1152 49.89  68.91  68.66  0.22 1.53
  A61 274.4 305  P 3 1152 19.05  38.07  39.02 -0.96 0.31
                 S 1 1152 50.34  69.36  69.46 -0.11 1.13
  WVL 279.6 225 EPD4 1151 85.28  44.30  39.66  4.63 0.00
                 S 4 1151 97.26  56.28  70.60-14.33 0.00
  GSQ 291.4   0  P 1 1152 22.60  41.62  41.12  0.49 1.05
                 S 2 1152 54.35  73.37  73.20  0.16 0.71
  CNQ 342.1 348  P 1 1152 28.23  47.25  47.38 -0.16 0.85
  SMQ 438.0   4  P 3 1152 38.37  57.39  59.22 -1.88 0.00
                 S 0 1152 85.98 105.00 105.41 -0.51 0.59
 NORTHWEST MAINE CRUSTAL STRUCTURE
 01MAY25 NB, APPROX 10 KM ESE OF PRESQUE ISLE (ME-NB BORDER)
  DATE     ORIGIN    LAT N    LONG W   DEPTH   MN  MC  ML GAP   RMS  ERH  ERZ Q
 010525 1157  8.13 46-38.13  67-57.31   5.00  1.9         196  0.39 20.9  1.7 D
  STN  DIST AZM  RMK HRMN   SEC   TOBS   TCAL   RES   WT AMX PRX XMAG FMP FMAG
  PQI   6.1 310 IPU0 1157  9.22   1.09   1.33 -0.28 1.82 655 .30  1.9
                 S 1 1157 11.05   2.92   2.37  0.49 1.31
  A21 177.1 312  S 1 1157 57.92  49.79  50.43 -0.64 0.85
  A61 200.1 306  P 3 1157 39.51  31.38  31.16  0.20 0.30
  LMQ 206.7 299  P 4 1157 35.50  27.37  31.98 -4.68 0.00
  LMN 258.2 110  P 0 1157 46.63  38.50  38.34  0.16 0.99
                 S 1 1157 76.65  68.52  68.24  0.27 0.73

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TABLE 5



         

MICROEARTHQUAKES AND OTHER NON-LOCATABLE EVENTS

Date
Yr/Mo/Dy
Sta Arrival Time
Hr:Mn:Sec
None recorded this period.


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NESN Station Map

Figure 1: Map of stations of the New England Seismic Network (NESN) in operation during period April - June, 2001. Also included are the US National Seismic Network stations operating in New England during this period.

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NESN Strong-Motion Station Map

Figure 2: Map of strong-motion stations of the New England Seismic Network (NESN) in operation during period April - June, 2001.

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NESN Quarterly Seismicity Map

Figure 3: Earthquake epicenters located by the NESN during period April - June, 2001.

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NESN Cumulative Seismicity Map

Figure 4: Seismicity for period October, 1975 - June, 2001.

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Acknowledgments

We would like to thank the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP) of MIT for its support to the network. Our map database has been developed in-house using ARCINFO and in part basemap data provided by ESRI, Inc. (Arcdata Online), USGS GTOPO30 Elevation Data, and TIGER/Line '94, '95, and '97 (US Census Bureau) spatial data.

References

Chaplin, M.P., Taylor, S.R., and Toksöz, M.N. (1980), A coda length magnitude scale for New England, Earthquake Notes, 51, 15-22.

Ebel, J.E. (1982), ML measurements for northeastern United States earthquakes, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 72, 1367-1378.

Rosario, M. (1979), A coda duration magnitude scale for the New England Seismic Network, Master's Thesis, Boston College, 82 pp.

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