Books, Reports and Articles - P Entries
center on wealth and philanthropy
"Passing It On: The Generational Transmission of Wealth and Financial Care."
Paul G. Schervish. In Care and Community in Modern Society: Passing on the Tradition of Service to Future Generations, edited by Paul G. Schervish, Virginia A. Hodgkinson, and Margaret Gates. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1995. 109-133. During the course of our interviews with 130 millionaires, respondents frequently addressed their intention to pass on to their children a sense of financial care along with a financial inheritance. This essay describes four aspects of the generational transmittal of financial care that parents cited in the course of their interviews. By way of conclusion, I summarize the factors that appear to influence the transfer of financial morality by wealthy parents and indicate general implications for the generational transmittal of care.
Download paper (pdf 1.32MB)
"Patterns of Charitable Contributions and Transfers to Relatives and Friends based on 1998 SCF."
John J. Havens, Working Paper, October 16, 2001.
"The Survey of Consumer Finances" obtains information concerning financial support (excluding alimony and child support) for relatives and/or friends not living in the household. The information consists of (1) the total of all such support in the year preceding the survey year and (2) the relationship of the recipients to the respondent. In 1997 approximately 12 million households made transfers to relatives and friends (mostly children, parents, and siblings) amounting to $64 billion in total. Such transfers range from as little as $20 to $1,000,000 or more, with an average of $5,359 for households making a transfer. During the same time approximately 35 million households made charitable contributions of $500 or more amounting to $111 billion in total. These contributions ranged from $500 to $10.9 million, with an average of $3,157 for households making contributions of $500 or more.
Paul G. Schervish. Vol. 1 of Encyclopedia of Politics and Religion, edited by Robert Wuthnow. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Quarterly Inc., 1998: 600-603. First, I define philanthropy as a social relation and distinguish it from commercial and political relations. Second, I discuss the virtue of care and the sentiment of identification as fundamental principles of philanthropy. Third, I argue that philanthropy is better understood as a dialectical unity of love of self and love of neighbor rather than as a dualistic opposition between selflessness and selfishness.
"Philanthropy as a Moral Identity of Caritas."
Paul G. Schervish. In Taking Giving Seriously, edited by Paul G. Schervish, Obie Benz, Peggy Dulaney, Thomas B. Murphy, and Stanley Salett. Indianapolis: Indiana University Center on Philanthropy, 1993. 85-104. This paper proposes a definition of philanthropy as a social relation of care and explores what it means for philanthropy to become integral to moral identity. To say that one has a philanthropic identity means that one's moral biography is shaped in large measure by devotion to the quantity and quality of one's charity.
“Philanthropy's Indispensable Ally”
Paul G. Schervish, John Havens, and Albert Keith Whitaker. Philanthropy. Volume XIX, No. 3, pp. 8-9. May/June 2005.
Most observers now recognize that lifetime giving understandably increases as people move up the economic ladder. CWP research also suggests that it's not just the objective size of people's pocketbooks that matters but also their subjective sense of financial security. Financial security means trusting that, even in the face of major economic downturns, one's means will support one's desired standard of living for the indefinite future. For people who feel such security, philanthropic decisions really are different.
Download Paper (PDF)
"Philanthropy's Janus-Faced Potential: The Dialectic of Care and Negligence Donors Face."
Paul G. Schervish. Published in Taking Philanthropy Seriously: Beyond Noble Intentions to Responsible Giving. Edited by William Damon and Susan Verducci. Indiana University Press, 2006.
Wealth-holders are capable of both extraordinary care and extraordinary carelessness in carrying out their philanthropy. This Janus-faced potential of philanthropy is explored as the dialectic of care and impairment, negligence, or dominion. This chapter explores this dialectic, drawing on intensive interviews with wealth-holders about their lives and philanthropy.
“Political Trials and the Social Construction of Deviance”
By Paul G. Schervish. Published in Qualitative Sociology. Fall 1984.
In the 1960s and early 1970s deviance research, especially in the labeling perspective, was concerned with the question of how individuals or groups become defined as deviant. Since then, the political analysis of deviance has come to ask the more fundamental question of how deviance becomes constructed through political process. A political trial is one particular transparent situation in which narrower political processes for imputing deviance elicit more fundamental interpretations of political modes of deviance construction…