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"Financial and Psychological Determinants of Donor’s Capacity to Give."

Thomas B. Murphy, The T. B. Murphy Foundation Charitable Trust. In New Directions in Philanthropic Fundraising. Understanding the Needs of Donors: The Supply-Side of Charitable Giving. Edited by Eugene R. Tempel and Dwight F. Burlingame. Number 28, fall 2001, pp.33-49.
The basic tenet of this paper is that "the primary financial decision-making criterion for determining one’s capacity to engage in philanthropic activities is neither wealth nor income but the expected present and future relationship between income and expense."
Given the generally accepted assumption that one provides first for oneself and one’s family and does so at some level of lifestyle, philanthropy enters into the decision-making process when the difference between the expected level of income, present and future, and expected level of expense, present and future, to maintain and enhance one’s standard of living is substantial and relatively permanent as measured by the subjectively determined criteria of the decision maker. It is from this difference that the financial wherewithal for financial activities emerges.

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"Financial Resources and Charitable Contributions of Retired Households"
Retired households, on average, own 58% more wealth but earn 35% less income than non-retired households. On average they also contribute substantially more (69%) to charitable causes than do non-retired households.

"Finding God in Some Things: Unintended Consequences for the Academy of the Faith That Does Justice."
Paul G. Schervish. Conversations: The National Seminar on Higher Education, Number 19, Spring 2001:21-2.
Schervish is concerned that the implementation of the Jesuit summons to a faith that does justice has, in higher education, unintentionally done an injustice to the more fundamental invitation to find God in all things. "I have no quarrel with the prayerfully adopted Jesuit formulation linking faith and the practice of justice. Infusion of the faith that does justice into the personal and academic vocation of the university has been on balance salutary and transformative. I do argue, however, that too narrow a focus on the meaning and practice of that injunction has impaired both faith and justice. A one-sided emphasis on certain types of service has inoculated those associated with the university from the full potency of the Ignatian prescriptions of religious indifference, finding God in all things, and discernment."

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