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India—Country Workforce Profile

by Shanyuan Foo

September 2009—The Country Profile 12: India examines economic transformation currently taking place in the country. The shift from predominantly agricultural society to a growing service-sector economy has contributed to the country's status as a powerful emerging economy. The profile examines the implications of this transformation for the country and workers.

The country faces several significant challenges, including wide disparities in the distribution of the labor force — more than half the labor force is employed in agriculture although it accounts for only one-sixth of the nation’s GDP, while services now account for more than half the GDP yet employ less than one-third of the labor force. This Statistical Profile explores recent data on population, employment levels, and economic growth in India and comparable regions in South Asia.

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