Consolidation of Power
Nazi Propaganda

1933-1934

 

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  • 1933
  

In the campaign for the Reichstag Elections of 5 March 1933, Hitler really believed that his party, which had won 33.5% of the vote in the November 1932 election, would now sweep to victory. With all the resources of the government at his disposal. he expected the party would more than double its votes, thus achieving the 66% majority in the Reichstag which would permit constitutional changes.

To insure this result, the Nazi propaganda campaign left no stone unturned. This poster shows still another approach.

Although many people today believe that the Nazis attacted support because they promised that they would avenge the loss of World War I by rearming Germany and then regaining territory stripped from the country at Versailles, in fact there are no posters or any other form of propaganda which makes such a statement.

This is a the closest the Nazis came to advance military issues. It shows a traditional soldier in the rear, wearing his characteristic steel helmet. In the foreground, however, stands an SA man, with his characteristic hat and with the Swastika flag flying behind him.

Although some might present this as a "call to arms," I think the poster is better understood as part of the campaign we have already seen -- to rehabilitate the SA, the Storm Troopers. Here the SA man is being presented as a worthy companion to the noble soldier of the past. As such, it is very similar to the 1928 poster which suggested that the World War I soldiers were really fore-runners of National Socialism. To see that poster, click here.

Since this poster deliberately bears no caption, we must conclude that the Nazis were raising the issue to appeal to Germany's traditional respect for the army.

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