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With the failure of his "March on Berlin" -- otherwise known as the Beer Hall Putsch of 8-9 November 1923, Adolf Hitler had apparently led himself and his party into disaster. Arrested and sentenced to five years in jail, he had little reason to suspect that his ideas and party would recover. Part of the court sentence included a banning of the Storm Troopers and prohibition of any political action by the NSDAP. Before going to serve his sentence, Hitler turned the remainder of his organization over to Alfred Rosenberg, the emigré from Russia who was editor of the party's recently acquired newspaper, The Völkischer Beobachter, The People's Observer!
The word Volk can be translated as "people," or "nation" or even "race." Indeed its real meaning is a combination of all of these things, with an emphasis upon the primitive, even biological nature of this fundamental community. "V's" in German are pronounced as the English "F" -- so this is the same root word from which we get folk-dance, folk-costumes, folk-music, etc.
Rosenberg was not a dynamic leader, but he did manage to persuade a number of right-wing organizations to join a loose confederation which they called the Völkischen Block. This is one of the few posters which were put out by that organization for the elections of 1924. The caption at the top (which is not reproduced here reads: "The wire-puller". At the bottom: "Workers of the Head and the Hand (i.e. Blue and white collar workers) vote for the Völkischen Block."
The illustration emphasizes the one theme all of these groups had in common, Anti-Semitism. Here a rotund Jew controls the populace with his strings. Increasingly, the völkisch groups were almost entirely anti-Semitic in program and propaganda.