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As a variety of his popular pastoral scenes, Boucher increasingly began to inject erotic overtones into these simple representations. Here two young peasants -- she a shepherdess, he a goat-herd -- feed each other grapes in the midst of a lavish landscape. The anachronisms of this genre remain: both are barefoot, yet she wears a lavishly ornate dress.
New is the title which Boucher gives to this work: Are they only thinking of grapes? The implication is clear: love and lust are not reserved for gods and goddesses, or even aristocrats, but dominates even the simple life.