DECADENCE -- A CHRONOLOGY



1776-88

E. Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire; history.
1789
French Revolution.
1804
First usage of term "art for art's sake" (in France).
1827
E. Delacroix, The Death of Sardanapalus; painting
1835
Theophile Gautier, Mademoiselle de Maupin; novel.
1847
Thomas Couture, The Romans of the Decadence; painting.
1857
Charles Baudelaire, Les Fleurs du Mal; poetry.
1859
C. Darwin, The Origin of Species; science.
1862
Gustave Flaubert, Salammbo; novel.
1863
Cesare Lombroso, The Man of Genius; psychology.
Edouard Manet, Olympia; painting.

D.G. Rossetti, Beata Beatrix; painting.

1864
Gustave Moreau, Oedipus and the Sphinx; painting.
Stephane Mallarme begins "Herodiade;" and "L'Apres midi d'une faun;" poetry.
1868-70
C. Baudelaire, Complete Works (including translations of Edgar Allan Poe).
1869
Comte de Lautreamont (Isidore Ducasse), Chants de Maldoror; novel.
1871
Franco-Prussian war.
Mallarme, "Herodiade" (fragment) published; poetry.
1873
July; Paul Verlaine shoots Arthur Rimbaud in Brussels.
1874
Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly, Les Diaboliques; short stories. Later illustrated by F. Rops.


1876

Gustave Moreau, Salome; painting.
S. Mallarme, "L'Apres midi d'un faun" published; also translation of Poe's "The Raven."
1879
Emile Zola, Nana; novel.
1881
George Beard introduces the concept of neuresthenia (nervous exhaustion) in American Nervousness.
1882
Odilon Redon, "A E.A. Poe," series of lithographs.
Paul Bourget, Essais de Psychologie contemporaine; essay.
1884
Joris-Karl Huysmans, A Rebours; novel.
Josephin Peladan, Le Vice Supreme; novel.
1885
Jules Laforgue, Complaintes; poetry.
Odilon Redon, "Hommage a Goya;" lithographs.
1886
Jean Moreas, "Symbolist Manifesto" published in Le Figaro.

Felicien Rops, illustrations to Barbey d'Aurevilly's Les Diaboliques published.

International labor strikes, riots.

Le Decadent litteraire et artistique founded in Paris; Anatole Baju, ed. (continued publication to 1889 as Le Decadent); journal.

Richard Krafft-Ebbing, Psychopathia sexualis; psychology.


1889

Rachilde, Monsieur Venus; novel of androgyny.
Odilon Redon, Temptation of St. Anthony, illustrations to G. Flaubert, 2nd series (1st 1888, 3rd in 1896).
1891
Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray; novel.
J.K. Huysmans, La Bas; novel.

Paul Gauguin leaves for Tahiti.


1892

Max Nordau, Degeneration; literary, artistic and social criticism.
Georges Rodenbach, Bruges-la-Morte; novel.
1893
Arthur Symons, "The Decadent Movement in Literature," Harper`s New Monthly Magazine; expanded in 1899 as The Symbolist Movement in Literature; criticism.

Franz von Stuck, Sin; painting (1st of 18 versions).

Jean Delville, Orpheus; painting.


1894

Salome, written by Oscar Wilde; illustrations by Aubrey Beardsley.

The Yellow Book founded in London; journal.

1895
Oscar Wilde trial.

Josef Breuer and Sigmund Freud, Studies on Hysteria; psychology.


1896

Fernand Khnopff, The Caresses; painting.
1900
Fernand Khnopff constructs his house in Brussels.
1901
Gustav Klimt, Judith I; painting.
1902
Klimt's murals rejected by the University of Vienna.