Boston College. Color slides copyright Prof. Jeffery Howe.

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Neoclassical Architecture c. 1780-1850

There are four main variations or phases of Neoclassicism; these are best described by William Pierson, Jr., in American Buildings and their Architects, vol. I: Colonial and Neoclassic Architecture:

Especially common in New England; a traditionalist approach to classicism, heavily influenced by English models. Charles Bulfinch, Samuel MacIntyre.
Federalist Style

An intellectual and moral approach to classicism, at first linked to Roman models. Symbolic and associational values stressed, with a goal of creating an expressive, "speaking architecture." Best example: Thomas Jefferson.
Jefferson's Idealist Style

Emphasized structure and classical building techniques, such as stone vaulting and domes. Best example: Benjamin Latrobe.

Greek Revival (1818-1850)
The first truly national style in the United States. Strong associational values. Permeated all levels of building.
The Greek Revival Style

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Jeffery Howe: 1996, 1997, 1998. (email: