International Style
• Develops in 1920s in Europe; sources include commercial building, and Chicago School
• Named in 1932:  exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art, New York -- “The International Style”
• Leading architects:  Walter Gropius, LeCorbusier, Mies van der Rohe

First buildings

• W. Gropius: Bauhaus, Dessau, 1926
• LeCorbusier: Villa Savoye, near Paris, 1929
• Mies van der Rohe: Barcelona Pavilion, Spain, 1929
• G. Howe & Wm. Lescaze: PSFS Building, Philadelphica, 1930

Style and Ideology

• Modernist
• Anti-Historicist
• Anti-Ornament
• Functionalist
• Celebrates technology
• Exclusivist


• Universal Style
• Universal space
• Utopian Society

Mies van der Rohe – selected quotes

• “Architecture is the will of an epoch translated into space.”
• “Less is More”
• “God is in the details”
• “True architecture is always objective and is the expression of the inner structure of our time, from which it stems.”
• "Technology is far more than a method, it is a world in itself.  As a method it is superior in almost every respect....Whenever technology reaches its real fulfillment, it transcends into architecture.  It is true that architecture depends on facts, but its real field of activity is in the realm of significance."